Drug Abuse Sourcebook

Drug Abuse Sourcebook

Hardcover(Library Binding - Revised)

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Drug Abuse Sourcebook by Joyce Shannon

Omnigraphics' Health Reference Series is designed for the general reader seeking guidance on how to avoid serious illness by following preventive lifestyles and recognizing early warning signs. It also supports the layperson who has received a diagnosis of a serious disease or disorder as well as the family member or nonprofessional caregiver who must learn to care and to cope with the illness. Each volume in the series deals comprehensively with a particular area of medical concern and contains material found in publications issued by the National Institutes of Health and other agencies and associations. Nowhere else can general readers find this information conveniently collected, coordinated, and indexed in book form.

According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse, the costs of substance abuse and addiction in the United States---including health expenses and costs associated with crime---exceed half a trillion dollars annually. The consequences affect people at all ages, beginning even before birth when infants are sometimes exposed to drugs in the womb. Furthermore, substance abuse can play a roll in family disintegration, school failure, loss of employment, and other societal concerns. Although treatments for addiction are available, they are used by fewer than 11% of those in need of them, and while some prevention programs have proven successful, nearly 8,000 individuals use an illicit drug for the first time each day in the United States.

Drug Abuse Sourcebook, Third Edition provides updated information about the abuse of illegal substances and the misuse of over-the-counter and prescription medications. If offers facts about the most commonly abused drugs and discusses the causes and consequences of addiction. Drug abuse treatment options are described, and obstacles to recovery are explained. A section on drug abuse prevention discusses some of the strategies that have been successful in helping people avoid drug-related problems. The book concludes with glossaries of drug-related terms and directories of resources for additional help and information.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780780810792
Publisher: Omnigraphics, Incorporated
Publication date: 03/01/2010
Series: Health Reference Series
Edition description: Revised
Pages: 645
Product dimensions: 6.30(w) x 9.20(h) x 1.50(d)

Table of Contents

Preface xiii

Part I Facts about Drug Abuse in the United States

Chapter 1 Prevalence of Illicit Drug Use and Substance Abuse 3

Chapter 2 Drug Abuse Cost to Society 11

Chapter 3 Deaths from Drug Overdoses 15

Chapter 4 The Controlled Substances Act 21

Chapter 5 Purchasing Controlled Substances 29

Section 5.1 Prescriptions for Controlled Substances 30

Section 5.2 Online Dispensing and Purchasing of Controlled Substances 33

Section 5.3 Facts about Medical Marijuana 36

Chapter 6 Combat Methamphetamine Epidemic Act 41

Chapter 7 Initiation of Substance Use 45

Chapter 8 Substance Abuse and Children 53

Section 8.1 Prenatal Exposure to Illicit Drugs and Alcohol 54

Section 8.2 Drug Endangered Children 59

Chapter 9 Adolescents at Risk for Substance Use Disorders 65

Chapter 10 Adolescent Drug Abuse 73

Section 10.1 Teen Use of Illicit Drugs Is Declining 74

Section 10.2 Prescription and Over-the-Counter Drug Abuse 75

Section 10.3 Impact of Nonmedical Stimulant Use 80

Section 10.4 Teen Marijuana Use Worsens Depression 83

Chapter 11 Women, Girls, and Drugs 87

Chapter 12 Minorities and Drugs 93

Chapter 13 Substance Use in the Workplace 97

Chapter 14 Drug Use and Crime 101

Chapter 15 Drugged Driving 107

Part II Drugs of Abuse

Chapter 16 2C-I 115

Chapter 17 Anabolic Steroids 119

Chapter 18 Blue Mystic 123

Chapter 19 Buprenorphine 127

Chapter 20 BZP 131

Chapter 21 Clenbuterol 135

Chapter 22 Cocaine and Crack Cocaine 139

Chapter 23 Dextromethorphan (DXM) 145

Chapter 24 DMT 149

Chapter 25 Downers 153

Chapter 26 Ecstasy (MDMA) 155

Chapter 27 Fentanyl 161

Chapter 28 Foxy 165

Chapter 29 Gamma Hydroxybutyrate (GHB) 167

Chapter 30 Heroin 171

Chapter 31 Human Growth Hormone 177

Chapter 32 Kava 181

Chapter 33 Ketamine 185

Chapter 34 Khat 189

Chapter 35 Kratom 193

Chapter 36 Lysergic Acid Diethylamide (LSD) 197

Chapter 37 Marijuana, Hashish, and Hash Oil 201

Chapter 38 Methadone 207

Chapter 39 Methamphetamine 213

Chapter 40 Oxycodone 217

Chapter 41 PCP 221

Chapter 42 Ritalin and Other ADHD Medications: Methylphenidate and Amphetamines 225

Chapter 43 Salvia Divinorum and Salvinorin A 231

Chapter 44 Spirals 235

Chapter 45 Toonies (Nexus) 239

Part III The Causes and Consequences of Drug Abuse and Addiction

Chapter 46 Understanding Drug Abuse and Addiction 245

Chapter 47 Factors That Impact Drug Abuse and Addiction 251

Chapter 48 How Drugs Affect the Brain 259

Chapter 49 Uses and Effects of Drugs That Are Abused 263

Chapter 50 Misuse of Over-the-Counter Cough and Cold Medications 269

Chapter 51 Nonmedical Use and Abuse of Prescription Drugs 273

Section 51.1 Scientific Research on Prescription Drug Abuse 274

Section 51.2 Pain Reliever Abuse 278

Section 51.3 Tranquilizer Abuse 282

Section 51.4 Stimulant Abuse 285

Section 51.5 Sedative Abuse 288

Chapter 52 Mixing Alcohol and Other Drugs 293

Section 52.1 Risk of Substance Dependence following Initial Use of Alcohol or Illicit Drugs 294

Section 52.2 Simultaneous Polydrug Use 298

Section 52.3 Alcohol Abuse Makes Prescription Drug Abuse More Likely 302

Chapter 53 Am I an Addict? 305

Chapter 54 Medical Consequences of Drug Addiction 309

Chapter 55 Club Drugs' Health Effects 313

Chapter 56 Health Effects of Hallucinogens: Ecstasy, LSD, Peyote, Psilocybin, and PCP 317

Chapter 57 Impact of Inhalants on the Brain and Health 323

Chapter 58 Adverse Health Effects of Marijuana Use 329

Chapter 59 Drug Abuse and Infectious Disease 333

Section 59.1 Link to Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)/Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) and Other Infectious Diseases 334

Section 59.2 Syringe Exchange Programs 337

Chapter 60 Comorbidity (Dual Diagnosis): Addiction and Other Mental Illnesses 341

Chapter 61 Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) and Substance Use Disorder 347

Section 61.1 SPD and Substance Use among Veterans 348

Section 61.2 Higher Rates of Substance Use among Young Adult Men with SPD 351

Chapter 62 Suicide, Severe Depression, and Substance Use 355

Part IV Drug Abuse Treatment and Recovery

Chapter 63 Recognizing Drug Use 365

Section 63.1 Signs and Symptoms of Drug Use 366

Section 63.2 Drug Paraphernalia 372

Chapter 64 Drug Abuse First Aid 375

Chapter 65 How People View Addictions and Recovery 379

Chapter 66 Brief Guide to Intervention 383

Chapter 67 Treatment Approaches for Drug Addiction 389

Chapter 68 Detoxification: One Part of Substance Abuse Treatment 395

Chapter 69 Withdrawal from Drugs 401

Chapter 70 Mutual Support Groups for Alcohol and Drug Abuse 407

Chapter 71 Treatment for Methamphetamine Abusers 415

Chapter 72 Therapy That Reduces Drug Abuse among Patients with Severe Mental Illness 419

Chapter 73 Drug Abuse Treatment in the Criminal Justice System 427

Section 73.1 Drug Courts 428

Section 73.2 Treating Drug Abuse Offenders Benefits Public Health and Safety 432

Chapter 74 Employee Assistance Programs (EAPs) for Substance Abuse 437

Section 74.1 Addressing Workplace Substance Use Problems 438

Section 74.2 Symptoms and Intervention Techniques When Employees Abuse Drugs 442

Section 74.3 Employment Status Is Relevant to Substance Abuse Treatment Outcomes 444

Section 74.4 EAPs for Substance Abuse Benefit Employers and Employees 447

Chapter 75 Individual Rights When in Recovery from Substance Abuse Problems 451

Chapter 76 Substance Abuse Treatment Statistics 459

Section 76.1 Treatment Received for Substance Abuse 460

Section 76.2 Predictors of Substance Abuse Treatment Completion 468

Section 76.3 Treatment Outcomes for Clients Discharged from Residential Substance Abuse Treatment 471

Part V Drug Abuse Prevention

Chapter 77 Effective Responses to Reducing Drug Abuse 479

Chapter 78 Testing for Drugs of Abuse 485

Section 78.1 How Drug Tests Are Done 486

Section 78.2 Why Drug Tests Are Done 488

Section 78.3 Home Use Test for Drugs of Abuse 494

Chapter 79 Talking to Your Child about Drugs 497

Chapter 80 Making Your Home Safe 501

Chapter 81 Preventing Adolescent Drug Abuse 505

Section 81.1 Keeping Your Teens Drug-Free 506

Section 81.2 Youth Prevention-Related Measures 510

Section 81.3 Family Dinners Reduce Likelihood That Teens Will Abuse Drugs 516

Chapter 82 Drug Abuse Prevention in Schools 521

Section 82.1 Drug Testing in Schools 522

Section 82.2 Health Education and Services 528

Chapter 83 Keeping the Workplace Drug Free 531

Section 83.1 Drug-Free Workplace Policies 532

Section 83.2 Drug Testing in the Workplace 538

Chapter 84 Religious Involvement Can Be a Protective Factor against Substance Use among Adults 543

Part VI Additional Help and Information

Chapter 85 Glossary of Terms Related to Drug Abuse 551

Chapter 86 Glossary of Street Terms for Drugs of Abuse 557

Chapter 87 Directory of State Substance Abuse Agencies 571

Chapter 88 Directory of Organizations with Information about Drug Abuse 581

Index 589

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