Drugs, Society, and Criminal Justice / Edition 2 available in Paperback
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Table of Contents
I. DRUGS AND CRIMINAL JUSTICE.
1. An Introduction to Drug Use and Abuse.
Two Ways of Looking at Drugs and Behavior.
How Drugs Enter the Body.
How Drugs Exit the Body.
Factors Determining the Physiological Impact of Drugs.
Psychological Factors in Drug-Taking Behavior.
Physical and Psychological Dependence.
The DAWN Reports.
2. History of Drug Use and Drug Legislation.
Drugs in the Early Times.
Drugs in the Nineteenth Century.
Drug Regulation in the Early Twentieth Century.
Drugs and Behavior from 1945 to 1960.
The Return of Drug Tolerance, 1960 – 1980.
Renewed Efforts at Control, 1980 – Present.
Present Day Attitudes Toward Drugs.
Patterns of Drug Use in the United States.
Looking to the Future and Learning from the Past.
3. Theoretical Perspectives on Drug Use and Abuse.
Risk Factors and Protective Factors.
II. LEGALLY RESTRICTED DRUGS IN OUR SOCIETY.
4. The Major Stimulants: Cocaine and Amphetamines.
The History of Cocaine.
Acute Effects of Cocaine.
Chronic Effects of Cocaine.
Medical Uses of Cocaine.
How Cocaine Works in the Brain.
Present-Day Cocaine Abuse.
Patterns of Cocaine Abuse.
Treatment Programs for Cocaine Abuse.
Acute and Chronic Effects of Amphetamines.
Medical Uses for Amphetamines and Similar Stimulant Drugs.
5. Narcotics: Opium, Heroin, and Synthetic Opiates.
Opium in History.
Morphine and the Advent of Heroin.
Opiates and Heroin in American Society.
Effects on the Mind and the Body.
How Opiates Work in the Brain.
Patterns of Heroin Abuse.
Heroin Abuse and Society.
Treatment for Heroin Abuse.
Medical Uses of Narcotic Drugs.
6. LSD and other Hallucinogens.
A Matter of Definition.
Lysergic Acid Diethylamide (LSD).
Facts and Fictions about LSD.
Psilocybin and Other Hallucinogens Related to Serotonin.
Hallucinogens Related to Norepinephrine.
Hallucinogens Related to Acetycholine.
A Matter of Terminology.
The History of Marijuana and Hashish.
Acute Effects of Marijuana.
Effects of Marijuana on the Brain.
Chronic Effects of Marijuana.
The Gateway Hypothesis.
Patterns of Marijuana Smoking.
Current Trends as Causes for Concern.
Medical Uses for Marijuana.
The Issue of Decriminalization.
8. Depressants and Inhalants.
The Development of Anti-anxiety Drugs.
Nonbenzodiazepine Depressants and Anti-anxiety Drugs.
Inhalants Through History.
Glue, Solvent, and Aerosol Inhalation.
Patterns of Inhalant Abuse.
Responses of Society to Inhalant Abuse.
Amyl Nitrite and Butyl Nitrite Inhalation.
9. Anabolic Steroids and Drug Abuse in Sports.
Drug Taking Behavior in Sports.
The Hazards of Anabolic Steroids.
Patterns of Anabolic Steroid Abuse.
Nonsteroid Hormones and Ergogenic Supplements.
Current Drug-Testing Procedures and Policies.
What Can Be Done About Anabolic Steroid Abuse?
III. LEGAL DRUGS IN OUR SOCIETY.
10. Alcohol: Social Beverage/Social Drug.
What Makes an Alcoholic Beverage?
Alcohol Use Through History.
Patterns of Alcohol Consumption Today.
The Pharmacology of Alcohol.
Effects of Alcohol on the Brain.
Acute Physiological Effects.
Acute Behavioral Effects.
11. Chronic Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism.
Alcoholism: Stereotypes, Definitions, and Criteria.
Alcohol Abuse and Alcohol Dependence: The Professional’s View.
The History of Social Regulation.
Effects of Physiological/Chronic Alcohol Use.
Social Patterns of Chronic Alcohol Abuse.
The Genetics of Alcoholism.
The Concept of Alcoholism as a Disease.
Approaches to Treatment for Alcoholism.
Alcoholism in the Workplace.
12. Nicotine and Tobacco.
Tobacco Use Through History.
Health Concerns and Smoking Behavior.
Tobacco Today: An Industry on the Defensive.
What’s in Tobacco?
The Dependence Potential of Nicotine.
Health Consequences of Tobacco Use.
Patterns of Smoking Behavior and Use of Smokeless Tobacco.
Quitting Smoking: The Good News and the Bad.
IV. DRUG ABUSE AND DRUG POLICY.
13. Drugs and Crime.
Understanding Drug Use and Crime.
The Social Structure of the Illicit Drug Trade.
The Trafficking of Cocaine.
The Trafficking of Heroin.
The Trafficking of Marijuana.
The Trafficking of Methamphetamine.
The Trafficking of Hallucinogins.
14. Drugs and the Criminal Justice System.
Street-Level Drug-Law Enforcement.
Drugs and the Correctional System.
15. Drug Policy: Prevention, Education, and Treatment.
Levels of Intervention in Drug-Abuse Prevention.
ATOD Prevention: Strategies, Priorities, Goals, and Resilience.
Lessons from the Past: Prevention Approaches That Have Failed.
Hope and Promise: Components of Effective School Based Prevention
Community-Based Prevention Programs.
Family Systems in Primary and Secondary Prevention.
Yes, You: ATOD Prevention and the College Student.
Prevention and Treatment in the Workplace.
The Personal Journey to Treatment and Recovery.