Due Diligence

Due Diligence

by Frances S. De Nuit


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The role of the school board in public K-12 schools is considered from the agency and the stakeholder perspectives. A new theoretical model for the school board members practice of due diligence encompassing content and process issues is developed from empirical literature on agency and stakeholder relationships, vision content and process, and strategy-making process capability.

A four pronged methodology is used to test the model and resolve research issues on the practice of due diligence:

  1. Development of an accountability measure of student performance using the Accountability Report from the New Mexico State Department of Education
  2. Testing of 7 propositions and 10 hypotheses using case studies of seven districts, survey results of 89 district board presidents and superintendents, and the measure of student performance
  3. Determination of existence of due diligence through case studies of seven school boards
  4. Comparison of existing models of due diligence with the literature based model.

The sample is all New Mexico Public K-12 school districts. Case studies focused on monitoring of district educational and financial plans and the coherency between the two plans. The surveys were replications of Larwood (1993,1995) et al on vision and Hart/Banbury (1994) on strategy-making process capability.

Key findings:

  1. Uniform accountability measures are available for all districts in the state but case study districts used these selectively with regard to student performance measures
  2. Board presidents and superintendents were capable of articulating a vision for the district but vision alignment was not evident
  3. The New Mexico board/superintendent contract is a behavioral versus performance contract. Diagrams of the theoretical and New Mexico models are included along with a revised model of due diligence. Recommendations for training school boards include the use of questions provoking examination of board practice leading to improved student achievement.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781581120523
Publisher: Universal-Publishers.com
Publication date: 04/01/1999
Pages: 128
Product dimensions: 5.50(w) x 8.50(h) x 0.30(d)

Table of Contents

Chapter I11
The Problem11
School Board Duties12
Historical Models of School Board Governance13
Influences on School Board Practice14
School Finance19
Literature Sources Provide Background for New Model22
Normative Literature22
Theoretical Literature23
Empirical Literature24
Research Questions27
Method Summary27
Assumptions of the Study29
Chapter II31
Literature Review31
Agency Theory31
Stakeholder Theory38
Combining Agency and Stakeholder Theory45
Strategy-making Process Theory48
Vision Studies52
Specifications for a New Model of Due Diligence53
Chapter III55
Introduction to Methodology55
Identifying Existing Models of Due Diligence58
Data Collection: Case Studies Selection58
Accountability Measure of Student Performance59
Test Propositions and Hypotheses63
Compare Existing Models of Due Diligence With
Theoretical Model69
Summary of Methodology69
Chapter IV71
Discussion of Findings71
Identifying Existing Models of Due Diligence71
Case Study Interviews71
Accountability Measure of Student Performance: Discussion of Findings78
Testing the Propositions: Discussion of Findings78
Testing the Hypotheses: Discussion of Findings93
Comparing Theoretical Model to New Mexico Case Study Model: Summary of Findings100
Chapter V102
Conclusions and Recommendations102
The Theoretical Model102
The New Mexico Model106
Research Questions Answered117
How to Use the Revised Model: A Tool for Self Education or Institutionally Provided Education124

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