What is The Paleo Diet? Learning what to eat and the foods to avoid are the first steps in following this diet, which will be explored in detail later in this book. The basic guidelines are to pay attention to the vitamins and nutrients, amount of protein, fiber and potassium you are actually putting into your body. A daily diet should include up to 35% protein, fresh vegetables and fruits over carbohydrates, increasing fiber and potassium and lowering sodium levels. This diet is based on what hunter-gathers ate, including limitless fresh veggies and fruits. Another important component is whether the food you consume is acid-producing or alkaline-yielding. Constant high levels of acid from meat, fish, grains and dairy lead to creating an imbalance in your digestive system, which leads to inflammation throughout your body. Prolonged inflammation can lead to nutrient deficiencies and major life-changing diseases, including cancer. Fruits and vegetables are alkaline foods and help balance the acid levels.