Composites are widely used in marine applications. There is considerable experience of glass reinforced resins in boats and ships but these are usually not highly loaded. However, for new areas such as offshore and ocean energy there is a need for highly loaded structures to survive harsh conditions for 20 years or more. High performance composites are therefore being proposed. This book provides an overview of the state of the art in predicting the long term durability of composite marine structures. The following points are covered:
• Modelling water diffusion
• Damage induced by water
• Accelerated testing
• Including durability in design
• In-service experience.
This is essential reading for all those involved with composites in the marine industry, from initial design and calculation through to manufacture and service exploitation. It also provides information unavailable elsewhere on the mechanisms involved in degradation and how to take account of them. Ensuring long term durability is not only necessary for safety reasons, but will also determine the economic viability of future marine structures.
Table of Contents
Durability of Composites in the Marine Environment; John Summerscales
Water Sorption Thermodynamics in Polymer Matrices; Pellegrino Musto et al.
Humid Ageing of Organic Matrix Composites; X. Colin and J. Verdu
Water–Mechanical Property Coupling; F. Jacquemin and S. Fréour
Effect of Sea Water on Polymeric Marine Composites; Akawut Siriruk and Dayakar Penumadu
Seawater Aging of Vinylester and Carbon Reinforced Vinylester; A.M. Figliolini and L.A. Carlsson
Effect of Water Absorption on Time–Temperature Dependent Strength of Unidirectional CFRP; Masayuki Nakada and Yasushi Miyano
Accelerated Aging Tests for Marine Energy Applications; Peter Davies
Integrating Durability in Marine Composite Certification; Andreas T. Echtermeyer
Durability of Composite Materials for Underwater Applications; D. Choqueuse and P. Davies
Design of Racing Yachts for Durability; H. Devaux, A. Miller, R. Balze, S. Guého and J. Maguet
Service Experience and Life Time Prediction of Naval Composites; J. Dalzel-Job, G. Kotsikos and J. Mawella