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1900
     

1900

Director: Bernardo Bertolucci

Cast: Robert De Niro, Gérard Depardieu, Burt Lancaster

 

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Bernardo Bertolucci's 255-minute 1900 was a gargantuan undertaking, requiring the resources of three European countries and a trio of American movie studios. Set in the Italian town of Parma, the film's continuity backtracks from Liberation Day in 1945 to the occasion of composer/patriot Giuseppe Verdi's death in 1901. We follow the lives of two men born on

Overview

Bernardo Bertolucci's 255-minute 1900 was a gargantuan undertaking, requiring the resources of three European countries and a trio of American movie studios. Set in the Italian town of Parma, the film's continuity backtracks from Liberation Day in 1945 to the occasion of composer/patriot Giuseppe Verdi's death in 1901. We follow the lives of two men born on that day in 1901, who grow up to be Alfredo Berlinghieti (Robert De Niro) and Olmo Dalco (Gérard Depardieu). Wealthy Alfredo sinks into dissipation, while poverty-stricken Olmo becomes a firebrand labor leader and communist. After WWI, Alfredo is allowed to peacefully retain his land holdings by playing nice with the burgeoning fascists; Olmo, on the other hand, engages in a long-standing battle against the minions of Mussolini. The two protagonists are reunited when Alfredo returns to Parma to preside over Olmo's trial for "political crimes." Co-star Burt Lancaster is cast as Alfredo's wealthy grandfather, who hates to see the old values buried beneath the social travails of the 20th century. Many American prints of 1900 were shortened to 243 minutes, rendering the story hard to follow at times.

Editorial Reviews

Barnes & Noble - Matthew Johnson
With such credits as the erotic milestone Last Tango in Paris and his Oscar-winning The Last Emperor Bernardo Bertolucci enjoys a sterling reputation. It is the director's sweeping yet unconventional epic 1900, though, that many see as his masterpiece. 1900 sprawls from its eponymous beginning through the middle of the 20th century with effortless grace, presenting the epic saga of two men born on an Italian estate in the year 1900. Alfredo Berlinghieri (Robert De Niro) will grow up to replace his grandfather (Burt Lancaster) as the "Padroné" -- the landowner. Olmo Dalco (Gérard Depardieu) is a bastard peasant; raised in the vast, lower class Dalco clan under Leo Dalco (Sterling Hayden). As they grow, the men are like brothers, but the world around them drags them apart. As the farms industrialize and the peasants lose their jobs, Olmo joins the socialist party to organize the workers for protection. The frightened landowners turn to the psychotic Attila (Donald Sutherland, never more frighteningly effective on screen) and his fascist black-shirted brethren. Alfredo, while opposing the fascists, feels trapped by his traditional role and cannot fight them. This impotence drives away his wife and one true love, Ada (Dominique Sanda), and alienates him from Olmo. Deftly weaving numerous characters into a tapestry of humanity, Bertolucci and his cast create a magically realistic film, both more gritty and lyrical than most American epics. 1900 is so gorgeously compelling, it's hard to imagine anyone hitting the "pause" button during 1900.
All Movie Guide - Michael Costello
Bernardo Bertolucci's massive epic, a history of Italy from 1900 to 1945 as reflected through the friendship of two men across class lines, is one of the most fascinating, if little seen, of his films. After beginning with Robert De Niro as wealthy landowner Alfredo, and Gérard Depardieu as labor leader Olmo, the film returns to 1901 with the death of composer Giuseppe Verdi and the birth of the two friends. The opposing class interests of their grandfathers, padrone Alfredo Berlinghieri (Burt Lancaster), and laborer Leo Dalco (Sterling Hayden), is quickly established in the enmity between the characters. The director is graphic in his depiction of ownership as exploitation, and makes the craggy Hayden character a figure of nearly Biblical proportions as he rouses his fellow workers to maintain solidarity and demand self-determination. As they grow, the boys become friends, mystified by the tensions that separate their families. But as time passes and Alfredo assumes the role of padrone, while Olmo works the land, their relationship becomes strained. With the rise of fascism, the director spells out its complicity with business interests, as the diffident Alfredo falls under the spell of a vicious and degraded fascist farm manager played by Donald Sutherland. Bertolucci, as he has in The Conformist (1970) and The Last Emperor (1987), brilliantly uses characterization to imply and contrast the crippling emotional effects of wealth and power. At over five hours in the restored version, the stately film has a kind of cumulative power now rare on the screen. In fairness, parts of the film's second half lack some the richness of the earlier sections, and a number of simple, almost uninflected scenes, seem excessively didactic, even for a leftist polemic. Among the large cast, the two leads are exceptional, with De Niro evincing an unusual vulnerability. Sutherland gives a disturbingly brilliant performance, and Lancaster is also memorable as the stern landowner. Vittorio Storaro, Bertolucci's longtime collaborator, and one of the greatest of cinematographers, produces images of breathtaking beauty, so much so that the rapturous shots of the vast fields almost make one forget the oppression of the workers. One comes away from this majestic undertaking with a sense of wonder, and awareness that it's not likely to be replicated any time soon.

Product Details

Release Date:
12/05/2006
UPC:
0097360880427
Original Release:
1976
Rating:
NR
Source:
Paramount
Region Code:
1
Presentation:
[Wide Screen]
Sound:
[Dolby Digital Mono]
Time:
5:15:00

Special Features

1900: The Story, The Cast - director/screenwriter Bernardo Bertolucci and director of photography Vittorio Storaro share how the film's casting process worked; 1900: Creating an Epic - Bernardo Bertolucci and Vittorio Storaro reflect on the difficult production and on the film's controversial theatrical release

Cast & Crew

Performance Credits
Robert De Niro Alfredo Berlinghieti, grandson
Gérard Depardieu Olmo Dalco
Burt Lancaster Alfredo Berlinghieri, grandfather
Sterling Hayden Leo Dalco
Donald Sutherland Attila
Dominique Sanda Ada
Stefania Sandrelli Anita Foschi, Olmo's wife
Laura Betti Regina
Alida Valli Signora Pioppi
Anna Henkel Actor
Francesca Bertini Sister Desolata
Werner Bruhns Octavio
Stefania Casini Actor
Ellen Schwiers Actor
Romolo Valli Giovanni
Giacomo Rizzo Rigoletto
Paolo Pavesi Alfredo as a Child
Roberto Maccanti Olmo as a Child
Antonio Piovanelli Turo Dalco
Maria Monti Actor
Anna-Maria Gherardi Eleonora
Jose Quaglio Aranzini
Clara Colosimo Actor
Piero Vida Actor
Patrizia de Clara Actor
Edda Ferronao Actor
Lisa Harrow Actor
Allen Midgette Vagabond
Mario Meniconi Actor
Vittorio Fanfoni Actor

Technical Credits
Bernardo Bertolucci Director,Screenwriter
Franco Arcalli Editor,Screenwriter
Giuseppe Bertolucci Screenwriter
Ezio Frigerio Art Director
Alberto Grimaldi Producer
Gitt Magrini Costumes/Costume Designer
Ennio Morricone Score Composer
Enzo Ocone Editor
Gianni Quaranta Production Designer
Vittorio Storaro Cinematographer

Scene Index

Disc #1 -- 1900: Feature Film, Part 1
1. The War Is Over [12:56]
2. It's a Boy [11:57]
3. Peasants and Patrons [12:06]
4. Family Affairs [9:55]
5. A Patriarch's Will [15:06]
6. Time for a Sacrifice [11:43]
7. The Strike [14:47]
8. Everything's Changed [14:28]
9. In the Name of the Law [16:15]
10. Free Love [16:12]
11. Silly Joke [17:59]
12. United [8:36]
Disc #2 -- 1900: Feature Film, Part 2
1. The City Life [8:38]
2. A Funeral and a Wedding [14:58]
3. Watch Dog [14:28]
4. Accused [8:49]
5. The Party Is Everywhere [8:23]
6. Crazy November [18:07]
7. Old Acquaintance [8:41]
8. A Widow's Home [15:46]
9. Runaways [16:07]
10. Fascists and Socialists [12:09]
11. Enemy of the People [13:51]
12. Padrone Is Alive [13:43]

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