Early Warning Signs in Complex Projects

Early Warning Signs in Complex Projects

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781935589181
Publisher: Project Management Institute
Publication date: 12/01/2010
Pages: 250
Product dimensions: 7.00(w) x 17.10(h) x 0.50(d)

Table of Contents

Executive Summary v

1 Introduction 1

1.1 Previous Work by the Research Teams 1

1.2 Definitions and Basic Concepts 2

1.3 Scope and Limitations 3

1.4 Research Questions and Methodology 4

1.5 Research Methodology and Structure of the Report 6

2 Literature 9

2.1 Introduction 9

2.2 Governance 9

2.3 What is Project Success? 11

2.4 Why Do Projects Fail? 15

2.5 What Sorts of Assessments Are There? 21

2.6 What Should be Measured? 26

2.7 Why do Methods Fail to Pick Up Early Warning Signs? 28

2.8 Futuristic Ideas 30

3 Reference Model 33

3.1 Introduction: The Concept of a Reference Model 33

3.2 The Rational Logic of Project Assessments 33

3.3 The Structure of a Coarse Project Reference Model 37

3.4 The Reference Model: Actors and Stakeholders 40

3.5 The Reference Model-Project Assessments 40

3.6 Summary: Reference Model 43

4 Guidelines for Project Assessments 45

4.1 Early Warnings-Early Processes 45

4.2 Examples of frameworks and their assessments 49

4.2.1 Examples from the UK 50

4.2.2 Examples from Australia 56

4.2.3 Examples from Norway 62

4.3 Analysis and Comparison of Guidelines 71

4.3.1 Existence of Governance Frameworks and How Common Are Assessments 71

4.3.2 Process and Procedures for Assessments 72

4.3.3 Guidelines and Early Warning Signs 76

4.4 Summary: Project Assessments and Early Warning Signs 76

5 Interview Analysis 79

5.1 Introduction 79

5.2 Context and Experience 80

5.3 Current Practice in Project Assessments 81

5.4 Identifying Areas for Early Warning Signs 83

5.5 The Use and Usefulness of Early Warning Signs 86

5.6 Summary: Individual Experts' Views 87

6 Case Studies 89

6.1 Introduction 89

6.2 Analysis of Eight Case Studies 89

6.2.1 About Project Reviews 89

6.2.2 What Was Good Practice or Practice that Seemed to Work? 90

6.2.3 What Early Warning Signs Were Detected and/or Acted Upon? 91

6.2.4 What Was Missed or Could Have Been Done Differently in Retrospect? 93

6.2.5 What Effect Did Complexity Have? 94

6.2.6 Barriers to Detecting Early Warning Signals Identified 95

6.2.7 Assessments or ?Gut Feeling? Approaches: Possibilities for Early Detection 96

6.3 Case studies: Description of the Content 97

6.3.1 Brief Description of Four Anonymous Case Studies 97

6.3.2 Case Study [N1]: Tyrihans Oil & Gas Field Development 98

6.3.3 Case Study [N2]: Ring 3 Ulven-Sinsen, City Development 107

6.3.4 Case study [U1]: C-NOMIS Software Development and Implementation 118

6.3.5 Case Study: Australian University IT Services (ITS) 125

6.4 Summary: Important Lessons from the Case Studies 142

7 Looking Through Complexity 147

7.1 The Big Picture 147

7.2 Answering the Research Questions 148

7.3 The Early Warning Signs Revisited 154

7.4 Contributions and Further Research 160

References 163

Appendix: Interview Guide 173

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