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The Earth and Its Peoples: A Global History, Volume I / Edition 5 available in Paperback
The Earth and Its Peoples was one of the first texts to present world history in a balanced, global framework, shifting the focus away from political centers of power. This truly global text for the world history survey course employs a fundamental themethe interaction of human beings and the environmentto compare different times, places, and societies. Special emphasis is given to technology (in its broadest sense) and how technological development underlies all human activity. Highly acclaimed in their fields of study, the authors bring a wide array of expertise to the program. A combination of strong scholarship and detailed pedagogy gives the book its reputation for rigor and student accessibility. The Fourth Edition features extensive new coverage of world events, including globalization in the new millennium. Coverage of China has also been extensively reorganized and rewritten.
Table of Contents
Note: Each chapter contains a Summary, Key Terms, Suggested Reading, and Notes. I. THE EMERGENCE OF HUMAN COMMUNITIES, TO 500 B.C.E. 1. Nature, Humanity, and History, to 3500 B.C.E. African Genesis. History and Culture in the Ice Age. The Agricultural Revolutions. Life in Neolithic Communities. Diversity and Dominance: Cave Art. Environment and Technology: The Iceman. 2. The First River-Valley Civilizations, 3500-1500 B.C.E. Mesopotamia. Egypt. The Indus Valley Civilization. Comparative Perspectives. Diversity and Dominance: Violence and Order in the Babylonian New Year's Festival. Environment and Technology: Environmental Stress in the Indus Valley. 3. New Civilizations in the Eastern and Western Hemispheres, 2200-250 B.C.E. Early China, 2000-221 B.C.E. Nubia, 3100 B.C.E.-350 C.E. Celtic Europe, 1000-50 B.C.E. First Civilizations of the Americas: The Olmec and Chavin, 1200-250 B.C.E. Comparative Perspectives. Environment and Technology: Divination in Ancient Societies. Diversity and Dominance: Human Nature and Good Government in the Analects of Confucius and the Legalist Writings of Han Fei. 4. The Mediterranean and Middle East, 2000-500 B.C.E. The Cosmopolitan Middle East, 1700-1100 B.C.E. The Aegean World, 2000-1100 B.C.E. The Assyrian Empire, 911-612 B.C.E. Israel, 2000-500 B.C.E. Phoenicia and the Mediterranean, 1200-500 B.C.E. Failure and Transformation, 750-550 B.C.E. Diversity and Dominance: Protests Against the Ruling Class in Israel and Babylonia. Environment and Technology: Ancient Textiles and Dyes. Issues in World History: Animal Domestication. II. THE FORMATION OF NEW CULTURAL COMMUNITIES, 1000 B.C.E.-400 C.E. 5. Greece and Iran, 1000-30 B.C.E. Ancient Iran, 1000-500 B.C.E. The Rise of the Greeks, 1000-500 B.C.E. The Struggle of Persia and Greece, 546-323 B.C.E. The Hellenistic Synthesis, 323-30 B.C.E. Comparative Perspectives. Diversity and Dominance: Persian and Greek Perceptions of Kingship. Material Culture: Wine and Beer in the Ancient World. Environment and Technology: Ancient Astronomy. 6. An Age of Empires: Rome and Han China, 753 B.C.E.-330 C.E. Rome's Creation of a Mediterranean Empire, 753 B.C.E.-330 C.E. The Origins of Imperial China, 221 B.C.E.-220 C.E. Comparative Perspectives. Diversity and Dominance: The Treatment of Slaves in Rome and China. Environment and Technology: Water Engineering in Rome and China. 7. India and Southeast Asia, 1500 B.C.E.-1025 C.E. Foundations of Indian Civilization, 1500 B.C.E.-300 C.E. Imperial Expansion and Collapse, 324 B.C.E.-650 C.E. Southeast Asia, 50-1025 C.E. Comparative Perspectives. Environment and Technology: Indian Mathematics. Diversity and Dominance: Relations Between Women and Men in the Kama Sutra and the Arthashastra. Issues in World History: Oral Societies and the Consequences of Literacy. III. GROWTH AND INTERACTION OF CULTURAL COMMUNITIES, 300 B.C.E. -1200 C.E. 8. Networks of Communication and Exchange, 300 B.C.E.-1100 C.E. The Silk Road. The Indian Ocean Maritime System. Routes Across the Sahara. Sub-Saharan Africa. The Spread of Ideas. Diversity and Dominance: Travel Accounts of Africa and India. Environment and Technology: Camel Saddles. 9. The Sasanid Empire and the Rise of Islam, 200-1200. The Sasanid Empire, 224-651. The Origins of Islam. The Rise and Fall of the Caliphate, 632-1258. Islamic Civilization. Comparative Perspectives. Diversity and Dominance: Secretaries, Turks, and Beggars. Environment and Technology: Chemistry. Material Culture: Head Coverings. 10. Christian Societies Emerge in Europe, 300-1200. The Byzantine Empire, 300-1200. Early Medieval Europe, 300-1000. The Western Church. Kievan Russia, 900-1200. Western Europe Revives, 1000-1200. The Crusades, 1095-1204. Comparative Perspectives. Environment and Technology: Iron Production. Diversity and Dominance: The Struggle for Christian Morality. 11. Inner and East Asia, 400-1200. The Sui and Tang Empires, 581-755. Rivals for Power in Inner Asia and China, 600-907. The Emergence of East Asia, to 1200. New Kingdoms in East Asia. Diversity and Dominance: Law and Society in China and Japan. Environment and Technology: Writing in East Asia, 400-1200. 12. Peoples and Civilizations of the Americas, 200-1500. Classic-Era Culture and Society in Mesoamerica, 200-900. The Post-Classic Period in Mesoamerica, 900-1500. Northern Peoples. Andean Civilizations, 200-1500. Comparative Perspectives. Diversity and Dominance: Burials as Historical Texts. Environment and Technology: Inca Roads. Issues in World History: Religious Conversion. IV. INTERREGIONAL PATTERNS OF CULTURE AND CONTACT, 1200-1550. 13. Mongol Eurasia and Its Aftermath, 1200-1500. The Rise of the Mongols, 1200-1260. The Mongols and Islam, 1260-1500. Regional Responses in Western Eurasia. Mongol Domination in China, 1271-1368. The Early Ming Empire, 1368-1500. Centralization and Militarism in East Asia, 1200-1500. Diversity and Dominance: Observations of Mongol Life. Environment and Technology: From Gunpowder to Guns. 14. Tropical Africa and Asia, 1200-1500. Tropical Lands and Peoples. New Islamic Empires. Indian Ocean Trade. Social and Cultural Change. Comparative Perspectives. Diversity and Dominance: Personal Styles of Rule in India and Mali. Environment and Technology: The Indian Ocean Dhow. 15. The Latin West, 1200-1500. Rural Growth and Crisis. Urban Revival. Learning, Literature, and the Renaissance. Political and Military Transformations. Comparative Perspectives. Diversity and Dominance: Persecution and Protection of Jews, 1272-1349. Environment and Technology: The Clock. 16. The Maritime Revolution, to 1550. Global Maritime Expansion Before 1450. European Expansion, 1400-1550. Encounters with Europe, 1450-1550. Comparative Perspectives. Environment and Technology: Vasco da Gama's Fleet. Diversity and Dominance: Kongo's Christian King. Issues in World History: Climate and Population, to 1500.