East Asia's Changing Urban Landscape: Measuring a Decade of Spatial Growth, 2000-2010

East Asia's Changing Urban Landscape: Measuring a Decade of Spatial Growth, 2000-2010

by World Bank

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781464803635
Publisher: Bernan Distribution
Publication date: 01/15/2015
Pages: 180
Product dimensions: 6.90(w) x 9.90(h) x 0.50(d)

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments xiii

Foreword xv

Abbreviations xvii

Executive Summary xix

1 Introduction 1

Why Urban Expansion Matters 1

A New Approach to Measuring Urban Expansion 5

Notes 7

References 8

2 Key Findings: Urban Expansion in East Asia, 2000-10 11

Rapid Urban Expansion and Population Growth 11

Density: High and Increasing, on Average 26

Increasing Metropolitan Fragmentation 32

Notes 37

References 39

3 Recommnedations: What Policy Makers Can Do to Facilitate Efficient, Sustainable, and Inclusive Urban Growth 41

Preparing for Future Spatial Expansion 43

Ensuring That Urbanization Is Economically Efficient 45

Ensuring That Urbanization Is Inclusive 48

Ensuring That Urbanization Is Sustainable 51

Overcoming Metropolitan Fragmentation 56

Conclusions and Areas for Further Research 59

Notes 60

References 61

Appendix A Urban Expansion in East Asia, 2000-10, by Country 65

Cambodia 65

China 67

Indonesia 81

Japan 88

The Republic of Korea 93

Lao People's Democratic Republic 97

Malaysia 99

Mongolia 104

Myanmar 106

The Philippines 109

Thailand 113

Vietnam 117

Notes 123

References 124

Appendix B Urban Expansion in East Asia, Excluding China, 2000-10 127

Trends by Country Income Group 127

Trends by Urban Area 128

Trends by Size Categories 128

Density 130

Metropolitan Fragmentation 131

Appendix C Methodologies and Accessing the Data 133

Methodologies 133

Accessing the Data 141

Notes 142

References 143

Appendix D Changes in Urban Land, Population, and Density by Country 145

Appendix E Changes in Urban Land, Population, and Density in Urban Areas with More Than 1 Million People 149

Boxes

1.1 Defining "urban" 5

2.1 Comparing urbanization in East Asia to that in the rest of the world 17

2.2 Projecting future urban expansion 26

2.3 The urban population density metric 27

2.4 A typology of urban areas based on administrative fragmentation 34

3.1 Innovative land tools for urban expansion 46

3.2 Creating and sharing higher land value in transit development 54

3.3 Some models of metropolitan governance 58

A.1 A snapshot of urbanization in progress 68

A.2 Ghost cities in China 71

Figures

1.1 Changes in proportion of urban population (urbanization rate) and GDP per capita, 2000-10 3

2.1 Proportion of total urban land in East Asia by country, 2000 and 2010 12

2.2 Annual rate of urban spatial expansion by country, 2000-10 13

2.3 Proportion of total urban population in East Asia by country, 2000 and 2010 15

2.4 Rate of urban population growth by country, 2000-10 15

2.5 Proportion of urban land by income group, 2000 and 2010 18

2.6 Changes in proportion of urban population (urbanization rate) and GDP per capita, 2000-10 19

2.7 Rate of urban population growth by income group, 2000-10 19

2.8 Rate of urban spatial expansion by income group, 2000-10 19

2.9 East Asia: The 25 largest urban areas by land area, 2000 and 2010 22

2.10 The 25 largest urban areas by population and land area, 2010 23

2.11 Urban land by population size category, 2000 and 2010 25

2.12 Urban population by population size category 25

2.13 Urban population density by population size category, 2000 and 2010 29

2.14 Rates of population growth and spatial expansion in urban areas with more than 1 million people, 2000-10 29

2.15 Urban population density by country, 2000 and 2010 29

2.16 Urban spatial expansion per additional urban inhabitant, 2000-10 30

2.17 Urban population density by income group, 2000 and 2010 32

B2.5.1 Contained urban areas 34

B2.5.2 Spillover urban areas 35

B2.5.3 Fragmented urban areas 36

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