Although there are many books that cover German grammar and syntax, remarkably little modern attention has been given to the practical problem of acquiring a German vocabulary. Yet building up or enlarging a basic vocabulary can be one of the most time-consuming and most difficult tasks for the student, if he approaches it by the conventional method of word lists or reading notes. As the present book, by Karl A. Schmidt, Assistant Professor of German at the University of San Francisco, shows, there are modern techniques for building vocabulary efficiently.
Professor Schmidt's work builds upon the close relationship of German to English, as well as upon the easy and rational processes that are used in German for word formation. Cognates and words of common foreign origin between English and German are covered, as well as the creation of new words by compounding, by affixes, and other modifications. Concentrating on useful, modern vocabulary, this book is remarkably clear in its presentation and will (in addition to its specific considerations) leave the reader with a sense of the patterns of word formation, so that he can go farther on his own.
This book can be used as a supplement to any language course, for self-study by a student who has already had grammatical basics, or as a refresher. The extensive practice examples that are included (with a key at the rear) will enable the reader both to increase his knowledge and to check his progress.
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Easy Ways to Enlarge Your German Vocabulary
By Karl A. Schmidt
Dover Publications, Inc.Copyright © 1974 Karl A. Schmidt
All rights reserved.
This text attempts to work on a systematic build-up of German vocabulary through the understanding of German prefixes, suffixes and other word-building devices. It is somewhat surprising to see how greatly this subject has been neglected in German language books while grammatical and phonological features have always received full attention. At the most, vocabulary discussion is introduced piecemeal in widely scattered paragraphs. The present work is the first attempt in many years to tackle the crucial vocabulary question vigorously and systematically.
The book is designed for use at the intermediate level. The first section, dealing with the study of the etymological relationship between English and German, can be used as early as the second college semester. It is understood that the material in this volume will serve, along with a regular language text, as an additional aid for word study.
Extensive practice exercises should improve the student's insight into the nature of word formation and help to gain command of a sizeable German vocabulary. Almost each principle of derivation is followed by one or more exercises which the student will work out for himself. A Key to all suggested exercises allows him to verify the exact form and meaning of the derivative in question.
Special attention has been given to the use and analysis of verbal prefixes and the manner in which these can modify the meaning of root words. However, there was no intention of exhausting the subject of word formation.
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Table of ContentsA. LINGUISTIC RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN GERMAN AND ENGLISH
I. FULL COGNATES
II. PARTIAL COGNATES
1. Consonant Relationship
2. Vowel Relationship
III. COGNATES DIFFERING IN MEANING
IV. WORDS OF FOREIGN ORIGIN
I. COMPOUND NOUNS
1. Noun + Noun
2. Connectives in Compound Nouns
3. Other Combinations of Compound Nouns
4. Grammatical Relationship Expressed in Compound Nouns
II. COMPOUND ADJECTIVES AND PARTICIPLES
2. Syntactical Relations
3. Notes on Translating
III. COMPOUND PARTICLES
IV. COMPOUND VERBS
1. Noun + Verb
2. Adjective + Verb
3. Particle + Verb (Separable Prefixes)
4. Variable Prefixes
5. Semantic Relationship of Verbal Prefixes
6. "Hin" and "Her" in Compound Separable Prefixes"
C. WORD DERIVATION
I. FORMATION OF WORDS THROUGH SUFFIXES AND DERIVATIVE ALTERATIONS
1. Infinitives Used as Nouns
2. Verbal Stems Used as Nouns
3. Suffixes in English and German
4. Formation of Nouns by Means of Suffixes
5. Formation of Adjectives and Adverbs by Means of Suffixes
6. Formation of Verbs by Means of Suffixes
II. FORMATION OF WORDS THROUGH PREFIXES
1. Noun and Adjective Prefixes
2. Verb Prefixes
3. Summary of Veral Prefixes
4. Prefixes of Foreign Origin
5. Word Families
KEY TO PRACTICES
Most Helpful Customer Reviews
The chapters are well thought out. He gets right to the point and lets you see immediately how very much alike the vocabularies are and gives you really good methods for remembering them. I have been studying the language for some time and found it very helpful.