In the context of the current wave of global environmental concern, this book considers measures aimed at solving environmental problems, investigating the example of ecological migration.
The term «ecological migration» refers to the organized migration of people engaged in occupations that cause ecological destruction, aimed at rehabilitating and conserving the affected areas. In the vast arid and semi-arid regions that constitute the steppes of Inner Mongolia, grassland vegetation is in imminent danger due to overgrazing. Therefore, the herders are made to migrate to other areas in order to ensure regeneration of the affected grasslands. This book’s contributions are guided by questions such as: What has been the result of the strategy of ecological migration? Have the grasslands successfully been conserved? And can the desertification of Inner Mongolia be prevented?
The essays collected in this volume originate from a workshop on ecological migration held in Beijing, China, in 2004, and were published in Japanese and Chinese, both in 2005. They have been adopted as a textbook in university classes in Japan and China, and were updated and translated for the English publication.
|Publisher:||Peter Lang AG, Internationaler Verlag der Wissenschaften|
|Edition description:||New Edition|
|Product dimensions:||5.91(w) x 8.66(h) x (d)|
About the Author
Masayoshi Nakawo is executive director of the National Institutes for the Humanities, a Japanese Inter-University Research Institute Cooperation, and a Professor Emeritus of the Research Institute for Humanity and Nature, which is dedicated to the promotion of interdisciplinary research projects concerning global issues.
Yuki Konagaya is a professor at the National Museum of Ethnology, Japan, and one of the key researchers for Mongol Studies.
Shinjilt is an Associate Professor at the Kumamoto University, Japan. He originates from Inner Mongolia, China.
Table of Contents
Contents: Masayoshi Nakawo: Foreword – Shinjilt: Introduction: Remote regions of western China and «ecological migration» – Yuki Konagaya: The beginnings of «ecological migration» in the Heihe River valley from case studies in Ejene banner, Alasha League of the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region – Kanako Kodama: The groundwater resource crisis caused by «ecological migration». Case studies of Mongolian pastoralists in Ejene Banner, Alasha League in the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region – Suye: New round of grassland cultivation accompanying «ecological migration». From case studies of herders in Xianghuang Banner, Shilingol League, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region – Yoshiki Seki/Xiang Hu: Forest restoration without reliance upon «ecological migration»: From a case study of NGO activities in Guizhou Province – Mailisha: The mechanism of poverty resulting from «ecological migration». From case studies of herders in Minghua District, Sunan Yogor Autonomous County, Gansu Province – Li Jingyi: The effectiveness of «ecological migration» in reducing poverty (1). A case study based on the Tarim River Basin, Xingjiang – Shi Guoqing: The effectiveness of «ecological migration» in reducing poverty (2). Lessons from the Implementation of Ecological Migration in Alasha League, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region – Shunji Oniki/B. Gensuo: The voluntariness of migration under the «ecological migration» policy: from case studies of herders in Ordos City, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region – Alta: Cultural acceptance of inhabitants in «ecological migration» from case studies in Xianghuang Banner, Shilingol League, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region – Shinjilt: Villagers’ perception of nature in relation to «ecological migration». A case study of «A» Village, Sunan Yogor Autonomous County, Gansu Province – Tomoko Nakamura: Differences in perception among the parties concerned with the «ecological migration policy»: from case studies in «B» Township, Qifeng District, Sunan Yogor Autonomous County, Gansu Province – Masayoshi Nakawo: Conclusion. Global environmental problems and ecological migration.