Ecosystems and Human Well-being: Policy Responses: Findings of the Responses Working Group

Ecosystems and Human Well-being: Policy Responses: Findings of the Responses Working Group


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With the knowledge of possible outcomes, what kind of actions should we take? The Millennium Ecosystem Assessment scored 74 response options for dealing with declines in ecosystem services and biodiversity, and managing drivers such as climate change and nutrient loading. This third volume in the MA series analyzes the track record of past policies and the potential of new ones. The challenge of reversing the degradation of ecosystems while meeting increasing demands for their services can be met only with significant policy and institutional changes. However, a difficult set of obstacles stand in the way. Policy makers must keep in mind that there are both trade-offs and synergies between human well-being, ecosystems, and ecosystem services, and that decisions regarding these tradeoffs are difficult and often contentious. The Responses volume ultimately establishes which policy options have the greatest chance to overcome the obstacles and generate positive outcomes. It will serve as an invaluable guide to the creation of stronger policy frameworks for the future.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781559632706
Publisher: Island Press
Publication date: 09/19/2005
Series: Millennium Ecosystem Assessment Series Series , #3
Edition description: 1
Pages: 654
Product dimensions: 8.50(w) x 11.00(h) x 1.10(d)

About the Author

The Millennium Ecosystem Assessment’s work is overseen by a 45-member Board of Directors, co-chaired by Robert Watson, Chief Scientist and Senior Advisor for the Environment of the Environmentally and Socially Sustainable Development Network of the World Bank, and A.H. Zakri, director of the United Nations University’s Institute of Advanced Studies. The Assessment Panel, which oversees the technical work of the MA, includes 13 of the world’s leading social and natural scientists. It is co-chaired by Angela Cropper of the Cropper Foundation and Harold Mooney of Stanford University. Walter Reid is the director of the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment.

Table of Contents

Reader's Guide
Summary: Response Options and Strategies

PART I. Framework forEvaluating Responses
Chapter 1. MA Conceptual Framework
Chapter 2. Typology of Responses
Chapter 3. Assessing Responses
Chapter 4. Recognizing Uncertainties in Evaluating Responses

PART II. Assessment ofPast and Current Responses
Chapter 5. Biodiversity
Chapter 6. Food and Ecosystems
Chapter 7. Freshwater Ecosystem Services
Chapter 8. Wood, Fuelwood, and Non-wood Forest Products
Chapter 9. Nutrient Management
Chapter 10. Waste Management, Processing, and Detoxification
Chapter 11. Flood and Storm Control
Chapter 12. Ecosystems and Vector-borne Disease Control
Chapter 13. Climate Change
Chapter 14. Cultural Services

PART III. Synthesis andLessons Learned
Chapter 15. Integrated Responses
Chapter 16. Consequences and Options for Human Health
Chapter 17. Consequences of Responses on Human Well-being and PovertyReduction
Chapter 18. Choosing Responses
Chapter 19. Implications for Achieving the Millennium Development Goals

Appendix A. Color Maps and Figures
Appendix B. Authors
Appendix C. Abbreviations and Acronyms
Appendix D. Glossary

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