Edible and Useful Plants of the Southwest: Texas, New Mexico, and Arizona

Edible and Useful Plants of the Southwest: Texas, New Mexico, and Arizona


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Edible and Useful Plants of the Southwest: Texas, New Mexico, and Arizona by Julia Larke, Michael Earney, Delena Tull

All around us there are wild plants useful for food, medicine, and clothing, but most of us don’t know how to identify or use them. Delena Tull amply supplies that knowledge in this book, which she has now expanded to more thoroughly address plants found in New Mexico and Arizona, as well as Texas.

Extensively illustrated with black-and-white drawings and color photos, this book includes the following special features:

  • Recipes for foods made from edible wild plants
  • Wild teas and spices
  • Wild plant dyes, with instructions for preparing the plants and dying wool, cotton, and other materials
  • Instructions for preparing fibers for use in making baskets, textiles, and paper
  • Information on wild plants used for making rubber, wax, oil, and soap
  • Information on medicinal uses of plants
  • Details on hay fever plants and plants that cause rashes
  • Instructions for distinguishing edible from poisonous berries
  • Detailed information on poisonous plants, including poison ivy, oak, and sumac, as well as herbal treatments for their rashes

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780292748279
Publisher: University of Texas Press
Publication date: 09/15/2013
Pages: 456
Sales rank: 544,394
Product dimensions: 5.50(w) x 8.00(h) x 1.00(d)

About the Author

Delena Tull is an environmental science educator and naturalist. A twenty-year resident of central Texas, she holds a Ph.D. in science education from the University of Texas at Austin.

Table of Contents

List of Photographs
List of Illustrations
Preface to the Revised Edition

What's in This Book
Vegetation Regions
Why Use Botanical Terminology?
1. Edible and Useful Wild Plants of the Southwest
Cautions and Notes on Using Wild Edibles
Why Bother with Wild Foods?
Native Plants for Agriculture
Grazing from the Wild: Tips and Precautions
Edible and Useful Wild Plants by Family, Including Recipes
Alismataceae—Water-plantain Family
Arrowhead—Sagittaria Species
Amaranthaceae—Amaranth Family
Amaranth—Amaranthus Species
Lamb's-quarters—Chenopodium Species
Orach, Four-wing Saltbush—Atriplex Species
Tumbleweed—Salsola Species

Amaryllidaceae—Amaryllis Family
Onion, Garlic, Chives—Allium Species
Anacardiaceae—Sumac Family
Sumac—Rhus Species
Asparagaceae—Asparagus Family
Agave, Lechuguilla, Mescal—Agave Species
Beargrass—Nolina Species
Blue Camass—Camassia scilloides
Sotol—Dasylirion Species
Yucca—Yucca Species
Asteraceae—Composite Family, Sunflower Family
Chicory—Cichorium intybus
Dandelion—Taraxacum officinale
Goldenrod—Solidago odora
Lettuce—Lactuca Species
Ragweed—Ambrosia trifida
Sow Thistle—Sonchus Species
Sunflower—Helianthus Species
Maximilian Sunflower—Helianthus maximiliani
Thistle—Cirsium Species
Bixaceae—Lipsticktree Family
Yellow Show, Saiya—Amoreuxia Species
Boraginaceae—Borage Family
Sandfood—Pholisma Species
Cactaceae—Cactus Family
Cholla—Cylindropuntia Species
Tasajillo—Cylindropuntia leptocaulis
Prickly Pear—Opuntia Species
Saguaro Cactus—Carnegiea gigantea
Strawberry Cactus—Echinocereus stramineus, Echinocereus enneacanthus
Caryophyllaceae—Pink Family
Chickweed—Stellaria media
Cleomaceae—Caper Family
Bee Plant—Cleome Species
Clammyweed—Polanisia dodecandra
Commelinaceae—Spiderwort Family
Dayflower—Commelina Species
Spiderwort—Tradescantia Species
Crassulaceae—Orpine Family
Sedum, Stonecrop—Sedum Species
Cucurbitaceae—Gourd Family
Buffalo Gourd—Cucurbita foetidissima
Cyperaceae—Sedge Family
Nut-grass—Cyperus Species
Euphorbiaceae—Spurge Family
Bull Nettle—Cnidoscolus texanus
Cassava—Manihot Species
Noseburn—Tragia Species
Fabaceae—Legume Family
Acacia, Huisache, Catclaw—Acacia Species
Alfalfa—Medicago sativa
Black Locust—Robinia pseudoacacia
Desert Ironwood—Olneya tesota
Groundnut—Apios americana
Hog Peanut—Amphicarpaea bracteata
Honey Locust—Gleditsia triacanthos
Indian Breadroot, Scurf Pea—Pediomelum Species
Kudzu—Pueraria Species
Mesquite, Tornillo—Prosopis Species
Redbud—Cercis canadensis
Retama—Parkinsonia aculeata
Tepary Bean—Phaseolus acutifolius
Fagaceae—Beech Family
Oak—Quercus Species
Fouquieriaceae—Ocotillo Family
Ocotillo—Fouquieria splendens
Juglandaceae—Walnut Family
Hickory—Carya Species
Pecan—Carya illinoinensis
Walnut—Juglans Species
Lamiaceae—Mint Family
Henbit—Lamium amplexicaule
Liliaceae—Lily Family
Lily—Lilium Species
Golden Mariposa Lily, Sego Lily—Calochortus Species
Spanish Bayonet—Hesperoyucca whipplei
Loasaceae—Eveningstar Family
Blazing Star—Mentzelia Species
Malvaceae—Mallow Family
Turk's Cap—Malvaviscus arboreus var. drummondii
Martyniaceae—Unicorn Plant Family
Devil's Claw—Proboscidea Species
Nelumbonaceae—Lotus Family
Lotus—Nelumbo lutea
Nymphaeaceae—Water-lily Family
Spatterdock—Nuphar lutea
Water-lily—Nymphaea odorata
Onagraceae—Evening Primrose Family
Showy Evening Primrose—Oenothera speciosa
Orobanchaceae—Broom-rape Family
Broom-rape—Orobanche Species
Oxalidaceae—Wood Sorrel Family
Wood Sorrel—Oxalis Species
Pinaceae—Pine Family
Piñon—Pinus Species
Plantaginaceae—Plantain Family
Plantain—Plantago Species
Poaceae—Grass Family
Carrizo—Arundo donax
Giant Cane—Arundinaria gigantea
Reed—Phragmites australis
Polygonaceae—Knotweed Family
Dock, Canaigre—Rumex Species
Pontederiaceae—Pickerelweed Family
Pickerelweed—Pontederia cordata
Water Hyacinth—Eichhornia crassipes
Portulacaceae—Purslane Family
Purslane—Portulaca Species
Rubiaceae—Madder Family
Bedstraw—Galium aparine
Smilacaceae—Greenbriar Family
Greenbriar—Smilax bona-nox
Typhaceae—Cattail Family
Cattail—Typha Species
Urticaceae—Nettle Family
Pellitory—Parietaria Species
Stinging Nettle—Urtica Species
Violaceae—Violet Family
Violet—Viola Species
Xanthorrhoeaceae—Grass Tree Family
Day Lily—Hemerocallis fulva
2. Plants as Medicine
3. Teas and Spices
Alfalfa—Medicago sativa—Fabaceae
Basswood—Tilia Species—Malvaceae
Bee Balm—Monarda Species—Lamiaceae
Bee Brush—Aloysia gratissima—Verbenaceae
Blackberry, Dewberry—Rubus Species—Rosaceae
Catnip—Nepeta cataria—Lamiaceae
Clover—Trifolium Species—Fabaceae
Goldenrod—Solidago odora—Asteraceae
Greenthread—Thelesperma Species—Asteraceae
Horehound—Marrubium vulgare—Lamiaceae
Limoncillo—Pectis Species—Asteraceae
Limoncillo—Hedeoma Species—Lamiaceae
Mormon Tea—Ephedra antisyphilitica—Ephedraceae
Mullein—Verbascum thapsus—Scrophulariaceae
Peppermint—Mentha piperita—Lamiaceae
Persimmon—Diospyros virginiana—Ebenaceae
Prairie Tea—Croton monanthogynus—Euphorbiaceae
Redroot—Ceanothus americanus—Rhamnaceae
Rose—Rosa Species—Rosaceae
Sage—Salvia Species—Lamiaceae
Sassafras—Sassafras albidum—Lauraceae
Spearmint—Mentha spicata—Lamiaceae
Strawberry—Fragaria Species—Rosaceae
Yarrow—Achillea millefolium—Asteraceae
Yaupon—Ilex vomitoria—Aquifoliaceae
Chile Pequín—Capsicum annuum—Solanaceae
Epazote—Chenopodium ambrosioides—Amaranthaceae
Juniper, Cedar—Juniperus Species—Cupressaceae
Knotweed—Polygonum aviculare—Polygonaceae
Mintweed—Lippia graveolens—Verbenaceae
Mustard—Brassica Species—Brassicaceae
Onion, Garlic—Allium Species—Amaryllidaceae
Peppergrass—Lepidium Species—Brassicaceae
Red Bay—Persea borbonia—Lauraceae
Shepherd's Purse—Capsella bursa-pastoris—Brassicaceae
Spicebush—Lindera benzoin—Lauraceae
Sweet Bay—Magnolia virginiana—Magnoliaceae
Watercress—Nasturtium officinale—Brassicaceae
Wax Myrtle—Myrica cerifera—Myricaceae
Wormwood—Artemisia ludoviciana—Asteraceae
4. Edible and Poisonous Berries and Other Fleshy Fruits
Key to Southwestern Plants with Edible or Poisonous Fruits
Poisonous Fruit
Blue, Purple, or Black Fruit: Toxic
Cherry—Prunus Species—Rosaceae
Coyotillo—Karwinskia humboldtiana—Rhamnaceae
Eve's Necklace—Styphnolobium affine—Fabaceae
Juniper, Cedar—Juniperus Species—Cupressaceae
Lantana—Lantana Species—Verbenaceae
Ligustrum—Ligustrum Species—Oleaceae
Nightshade—Solanum americanum—Solanaceae
Poke—Phytolacca americana—Phytolaccaceae
Virginia Creeper—Parthenocissus quinquefolia—Vitaceae
Red Fruit: Toxic
Coralito—Rivina humilis—Phytolaccaceae
Holly, Yaupon—Ilex Species—Aquifoliaceae
Jerusalem-cherry—Solanum pseudocapsicum—Solanaceae
Snailseed—Cocculus carolinus—Menispermaceae
Wahoo—Euonymus Species—Celastraceae
Yellow, Cream, or White Fruit: Toxic
Chinaberry—Melia azederach—Meliaceae
Mistletoe—Phoradendron Species—Santalaceae
Nightshade, Silverleaf Nightshade—Solanum elaeagnifolium—Solanaceae
Poison Ivy, Poison Oak, Poison Sumac—Toxicodendron Species—Anacardiaceae
Soapberry—Sapindus saponaria var. drummondii—Sapindaceae
Tallow Tree—Triadica sebifera—Euphorbiaceae
Fruits with Unknown Toxicity: Avoid Eating Them
American Beauty-berry—Callicarpa americana—Lamiaceae
Ampelopsis, Heartleaf—Ampelopsis cordata—Vitaceae
Carolina Buckthorn—Frangula caroliniana—Rhamnaceae
Dogwood—Cornus Species—Cornaceae
Elbow-bush—Forestiera pubescens—Oleaceae
Greenbriar—Smilax Species—Smilacaceae
Hercules' Club—Aralia spinosa—Araliaceae
Honeysuckle—Lonicera Species—Caprifoliaceae
Indian Strawberry—Duchesnea indica—Rosaceae
Peppervine—Ampelopsis arborea—Vitaceae
Edible Fruit
Standard Jelly and Jam Recipes
Blue, Purple, or Black Fruit: Edible
Blackberry, Dewberry—Rubus Species—Rosaceae
Blackhaw, Rusty Blackhaw, Withe Rod—Viburnum Species—Adoxaceae
Blueberry, Whortleberry, Farkleberry—Vaccinium Species—Ericaceae
Brasil—Condalia hookeri—Rhamnaceae
Cherry, Black Cherry, Chokecherry—Prunus Species—Rosaceae
Coma, Gum Bumelia—Sideroxylon lanuginosum—Sapotaceae
Currant—Ribes Species—Grossulariaceae
Elderberry—Sambucus nigra subsp. canadensis—Adoxaceae
Grape—Vitis Species—Vitaceae
Mulberry—Morus Species—Moraceae
California Fan Palm—Washingtonia filifera
Sabal Palm, Texas Palmetto—Sabal mexicana
Persimmon, Texas Persimmon—Diospyros texana—Ebenaceae
Prickly Pear Cactus—Opuntia Species—Cactaceae
Serviceberry—Amelanchier Species—Rosaceae
Brown Fruit: Edible
Pawpaw—Asimina triloba—Annonaceae
Green Fruit: Edible
Crab Apple—Malus Species—Rosaceae
Red, Orange, or Yellow Fruit: Edible
Agarita, Barberry—Mahonia Species—Berberidaceae
Anacua—Ehretia anacua—Boraginaceae
Buffaloberry—Shepherdia argentea—Elaeagnaceae
Chile Pequín—Capsicum annuum—Solanaceae
Desert Yaupon—Schaefferia cuneifolia—Celastraceae
Hackberry—Celtis Species—Cannabaceae
Hawthorn—Crataegus Species—Rosaceae
Jujube—Ziziphus jujuba—Rhamnaceae
Madrone—Arbutus xalapensis—Ericaceae
Mayapple—Podophyllum peltatum—Berberidaceae
Passionflower—Passiflora incarnata—Passifloraceae
Persimmon—Diospyros virginiana—Ebenaceae
Plum—Prunus Species—Rosaceae
Pyracantha—Pyracantha coccinea—Rosaceae
Rose—Rosa Species—Rosaceae
Strawberry—Fragaria Species—Rosaceae
Sumac—Rhus Species—Anacardiaceae
Tomatillo—Physalis Species—Solanaceae
Turk's Cap—Malvaviscus arboreus var. drummondii—Malvaceae
Wolfberry, Desert-thorn, Matrimony Vine—Lycium Species—Solanaceae
White Fruit: Edible
White Mulberry—Morus alba—Moraceae
5. Poisonous and Harmful Plants
First Aid for Toxic Plant Ingestion
Plant Poisoning: Dispelling Some Myths about Poisonous Plants
Who Is Affected by Plant Poisonings?
Livestock Poisoning
The Toxins in Plants
Toxic Wild Plants by Family
Amaryllidaceae, Iridaceae, Liliaceae—Amaryllis, Iris, and Lily Families
Apiaceae—Carrot Family
Poison Hemlock—Conium maculatum
Water Hemlock—Cicuta maculata
Apocynaceae—Dogbane Family
Dogbane, Indian Hemp—Apocynum Species
Milkweed—Asclepias Species
Araceae—Arum Family
Asteraceae—Composite Family, Sunflower Family
Fabaceae—Legume Family
Black Locust—Robinia pseudoacadia
Bluebonnet, Lupine—Lupinus Species
Coral Bean—Erythrina herbacea
Devil's Shoestring—Tephrosia virginiana
Locoweed, Milk Vetch—Astragalus Species
Mescal Bean—Sophora secundiflora
Rattlebush—Sesbania Species
Singletary Pea, Sweetpea—Lathyrus Species
Wisteria—Wisteria Species
Gelsemiaceae—Jessamine Family
Jasmine—Gelsemium sempervirens
Death Camus—Zigadenus Species
Phytolaccaceae—Pokeweed Family
Coralito—Rivina humilis
Poke—Phytolacca americana
Rosaceae—Rose Family
Sapindaceae—Soapberry Family
Buckeye, Horse-chestnut—Aesculus Species
Mexican Buckeye—Ungnadia speciosa
Solanaceae—Nightshade Family
Jerusalem-cherry—Solanum pseudocapsicum
Jessamine—Cestrum Species
Jimsonweed—Datura Species
Nightshade, Silverleaf—Solanum elaeagnifolium
Tobacco—Nicotiana Species
Toxic Ornamental Houseplants and Yard Plants: The Enemy Within
Poisons in the Garden and the Kitchen
Rashes, Itches, and Stings
Contact Dermatitis
Allergic Contact Dermatitis
Poison Ivy, Poison Oak, Poison Sumac—Toxicodendron Species
Pollen Dermatitis
Irritant Dermatitis
Chemical Irritants
Mechanical Irritants
Stinging Nettles
Hay Fever Plants—Pollen Allergies
Spring and Summer
6. Mushrooms: To Eat or Not to Eat
7. Colorful Dyes with Southwestern Plants
Vegetable Dyes: A Historical Perspective
Dyes Today: Synthetic versus Vegetable Dyes
Fibers for Dyeing
Factors that Influence Dye Colors
Pigments from Plants
Dyeing Techniques
Plants for Dyes
How Much Should I Collect?
What Plant Parts Should I Use?
Kitchen and Garden Dyes
Procedures for Dyeing Wool and Other Fibers
Preparing the Plant Material for the Dye Pot
Preparing the Wool
Dyeing the Wool
Simmer Dyeing
Solar Dyeing
Cold-water Fermentation
Final Tips on Dyeing with Plants
Vegetable Dye Recipes
Symbol Key
Plant Species Used for Dyes
8. Fibers and Baskets from Southwestern Plants
Plants for Basketmaking
Preparation of Plants
Textile Fibers
Extracting Fibers: Retting and Scutching
Fibers Attached to Seeds
Dyeing Plant Fibers
9. Rubber, Wax, Oil, and Soap: Industrial Resources

Appendix: Fifty Important Plants

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