Educational Governance and Administration

Educational Governance and Administration

by Thomas Sergiovanni


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The sixth edition of Educational Governance and Administration provides a clear and comprehensive introduction to school finance issues and schools as political systems. Its case-based approach, descriptive studies of how schools work, and  broad look at the historical, political, social contexts that make up this area of study make this book a valuable tool for every aspiring educator, policymaker, and citizen looking for an overview of the current American educational system.

Educational Governance and Administration examines administrative practices with a critical eye and provides a balanced overview of the development of educational administration, taking into account the roles of teachers, students, principals, and superintendents. Extensively revised, the sixth edition contains a completely updated and comprehensive discussion of policy and policy making, as well as the financial and legal challenges that school leaders face. It explores the expanding role of the government in education and leadership, how schools work as political systems, and how administrators balance local, state, and federal influences.

New to This Edition

  • Discussion of the complex and pervasive impacts of NCLB have been integrated throughout the text.

  • New, innovative, and student-friendly pedagogical features such as data, charts, and graphs have been incorporated.

  • Coverage of school law has been completely updated reflecting the most recent and most important court decisions and their impact.

  • New and comprehensive information on standards-based leadership andthe current controversy about administrative preparation has been added.

  • New Chapter 7, Students Today, examines the evolving nature of today’s students and evaluates contemporary research on this subject.

 "I have found no textbooks on the topic to be superior to this one.  The authors have distilled the essence of public school governance and administration and provided it to the reader in a manner that demands his/her reflection. The content is well researched and well presented.  I plan on using the text in our program next fall and look forward to the new edition."  -–Larry W. Brooks, Shenandoah University

 "This book and its earlier editions are all classic texts for use in intro courses in our field.  I’m glad to see a new edition on the horizon.  The addition of a recent practitioner on the writing team has vastly improved the focus of the book."  -–John Daresh, University of Texas, El Paso

"I think that the Sergiovanni text…continues to offer the best overview of how schools are governed."  —Judith Zimmerman, Bowling Green State University

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780132366533
Publisher: Prentice Hall Professional Technical Reference
Publication date: 01/28/1980
Pages: 416

Table of Contents

1   Public Values and School Policy:

The Roots of Conflict


   Demands, Constraints, and Choices

   Defining the Context

   Policy Instruments and Their Impact on Reform

   Public Values and School Policy

   Competing Values and Images of Schooling

   A Value-Added Approach to Equity and Excellence

   The No Child Left Behind Act



2   Issues Shaping School Policy and Administration

School Autonomy and Governmental control

Standards and Accountability

Local Autonomy

Balancing Democratic and Professional Authority

School Choice

Maintaining Public Confidence

Managing Public Confidence

Appendix 2.1   Layered Standards

A Final Word


3   Educational Administration

An Overview

Policy and Policy in Use

Administration Defined

Critical Responsibilities of Administrators

Evaluating Administrators

Dimensions and Measures of School Effectiveness

Critical Administrative Process

The Privacy of the Educational Leadership Role

Qualitative Aspects of Leadership

Indirect Versus Direct Instructional Leadership



4   Educational Administration as an Emerging Profession

Some Background

The Changing Focus

A Standard-Based Approach

Other Views of Administrator Preparation

Appendix 4.1   New Standards for Advanced Programs in Educational Leadership


5   The Development of Thought in Educational Administration

Models of AdministrativePractice

Educational Evangelists Versus Professional Managers

Major Stands of Thought in Administration

Educational Administration as an Applied Science

A Reflective-Practice Persepective

Educational Administration as a Moral Craft


6   Administrative Work, Roles, and Tasks

Work-Activity Research

Variations in Administrator’s Work

The Eight Basic Competencies


7   Students



Role of Student

The Powerful Influence of Peer Culture


8   Teacher


Two Conceptions of Role

Three Core Elements of the Role:  Instruction, Management, and Politics

Three Unique 21st Century Challenge

The Workplace for Teachers

Teacher Preparation



9   Principals

History of the Role

Who Are Principals Today

How Principals See Their Jobs

The Role Today

The Role in the Future

Preparation of School Leaders


10 Superintendents


History and Evolution of the Role

What is the Superintendent’s Job?

Who Superintendents Are Today

How Superintendents See Their Jobs

Leadership Challenges



11 School as Political System

The Myth That Politics and Education Do Not Mix

System Shock

Decisional Power

Politics, Governance, and Policy

The Stage Model of Policy Making

A Look Ahead



12 The Local System of Policymaking

Overview of Local Education Governance

Special Issues in Local Politics and Policymaking

Have School Boards Outlived Their Usefulness?

Micro-politics Within Schools



13 The State Level of Policymaking

Overview of State Education Governance

Special Issues in State Politics and Policymaking



14 The Federal Level of Policymaking

Overview of Federal Education Governance

A History of Federal Involvement in Education

The Impact of Federal Involvement on Politics

No Child Left Behind



15 The Legal Foundation for Public Education:  An Overview

Constitutional Provisions

Statutory Provisions

Administrative Rules and Regulations

Contractual Provisions

Judicial Role

Preventive Law


16 Leading Public Schools:  Legal Considerations

Legal Principles

Selected Substantive Aspects of the Law

Religious Activities and Observances in Public Schools

Legal Liability for Impairments of Federally Protected Rights

Judicial References


17 School Finance

Revenue Generation

Distribution of School Revenues

Market-Driven Delivery Systems

Constitutional Challenges to State School Finance Systems

Adequately Financing Schools in an Era of Accountability




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