Ekphrasis, Vision, and Persuasion in the Book of Revelation

Ekphrasis, Vision, and Persuasion in the Book of Revelation

by Robyn J Whitaker


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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9783161539787
Publisher: Mohr Siebeck
Publication date: 11/01/2015
Series: Wissenschaftliche Untersuchungen zum Neuen Testament 2.Reihe Series , #410
Pages: 270
Product dimensions: 6.10(w) x 9.20(h) x 0.70(d)

Table of Contents

Preface vii

List of Tables xiii

Abbreviations xv

Chapter 1 Introduction 1

A Locating Revelation in its Literary Context 7

I Visuality and Sight in Revelation 7

II Visuality and Sight in Jewish Literature 9

III Visuality and Sight in Greco-Roman Literature 13

B Locating Revelation in its Rhetorical Context 15

C Revelation and Rhetorical Criticism: The Current State of Scholarship 21

D The Approach of this Study 27

I Rhetorical Criticism as Historical and Literary 27

II Genre, Authorship, and Dating 29

III Method 32

E Structure and Argument 33

Chapter 2 Epiphanic Encounter and the Rhetoric of "Εκφρασις 37

A The Progymnasmata 39

B The Subjects of Ekphrasis in Antiquity 41

C Ekphrastic Traits 45

I Vividness (εναργεια) 45

II Clarity (σαφηνεια) 49

III Style (λεξιζ) 50

IV Versimilitude 52

D Visuality and Sight in the Ancient World 53

E An Appeal to Pathos 58

F Implications for Reading Revelation 60

I Excursus: The Style of Revelation 65

G Conclusion 69

Chapter 3 The Rhetoric of Fear in Rev 1:9-20 71

A Rev 1:9-20 as an Ocular Proof 72

I An Appeal to Ethos 72

II The Vision as Testimony 75

III Visual Markers 80

B An Ekphrasis of One "Like a Son of Man" (Rev 1:12-20) 81

C Interpretive Puzzles 88

D An Appeal to Pathos 92

I The Orator's Role in Creating Emotion 92

II Responses to Viewing 95

III The Rhetoric of Fear and Divine Imminence 97

E Fear that Foreshadows 100

F Conclusion 102

Chapter 4 Game of Thrones: Ekphrastic Spectacle and Divine Worship (Rev 4:1-11) 105

A Rev 4:1-11 as εκφρασις 106

I New Elements in the Vision 110

a Twenty-Four Elders 110

b The Seven Spirits 114

II Reciprocal Gaze 115

a Divine Gaze in Greco-Roman Culture 115

b Divine Gaze in Jewish Tradition 118

c Implications 122

III Cultic Response 125

B Making the Absent Present 130

C Conclusion 135

Chapter 5 The Epiphanic Entrance of the Lamb (Rev 5:1-14) 139

A Who is Worthy? 141

B A Scroll that is Seen 143

C An Appeal to Pathos 149

D The Ekphrasis of the Lamb 152

E Worthy is the Lamb 156

I Acclamations of Worth 156

II A New Song 160

III Worthy of Wealth 162

IV Worthy of Worship 163

F Absence and Presence 165

G Conclusion 167

Chapter 6 Dueling Images and Ekphrastic Competition 169

A Poetic and Plastic Competition in the Ancient World 171

B Revelation's Presentation of Good and Evil Images 175

I Evil as Deceptive 180

II The Dragon as Deceiver 180

III The False Prophet's Great Signs 183

IV The Image of the Beast 187

V Evil as Imitator 191

VI Beast and Lamb 193

VII Secret and Coded Names 196

VIII Triadic Titles 200

C Responses to Viewing in Revelation 202

I Responding with Wonder (θαυμα) 203

II Responding with Worship (προσκυνησις) 207

D Visual and Verbal Competition in Revelation 213

E Conclusion 216

Chapter 7 Conclusion 219

Bibliography 223

Index of References 243

Index of Modern Authors 261

Subject Index 265

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