El Libertador: Writings of Simi'An Boli'Avar

El Libertador: Writings of Simi'An Boli'Avar

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Known as El Libertador and often called the "George Washington" of Latin America, General Simon Bolivar (1783-1830) was the leading hero of the Latin American independence movement. His victories over Spain won independence for Bolivia, Panama, Columbia, Ecuador, Peru, and Venezuela, and defined the map of the South American continent. In 1819, Bolivar became Columbia's first president. In 1822, he became dictator of Peru. Upper Peru became a separate state in 1825, and was named Bolivia in the General's honor. Its constitution is one of Bolivar's most important political pronouncements. Today be is remembered throughout South America, and in Venezuela and Bolivia his birthday is celebrated as a national holiday. Although Bolivar never prepared a systematic treatise, his essays, proclamations, and letters constitute some of the most cloquent writing not of the independence period alone, but of any period in Latin American history. His "Cartagena Manifesto," "Jamaica Letter," and "Angostura Address," are widely cited and reprinted to this day. His incisive analysis of the region's fundamental problems, ideas on political organization, and proposals for Latin American integration remain relevant, and Latin Americans continue to read his work, regardless of country or political persuasion.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780195144819
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
Publication date: 05/01/2003
Series: Library of Latin America Series
Edition description: New Edition
Pages: 288
Sales rank: 628,753
Product dimensions: 8.10(w) x 5.40(h) x 0.70(d)
Lexile: 1520L (what's this?)

About the Author

David Bushnell is Professor Emeritus of History and Latin American Studies, University of Florida. Fred Fornoff is Professor of Spanish and Humanities, University of Pittsburgh, Johnstown.

Table of Contents

Series Editors' General Introductionix
Chronology of Simon Bolivarxiii
An Overview of the Bolivarian Sourcesxviii
Translator's Notexxiii
IThe Major Political Statements
The Cartagena Manifesto: Memorial Addressed to the Citizens of New Granada by a Citizen from Caracas (15 December 1812)3
The Jamaica Letter: Response from a South American to a Gentleman from This Island (6 September 1815)12
The Angostura Address (15 February 1819)31
The Bolivian Constitution (1826)54
I.Address to the Constituent Congress (25 May 1826)54
II.Draft of a Constitution for Bolivia64
Message to the Convention of Ocana (29 February 1828)86
A Glance at Spanish America (1829)95
Address to the "Congreso Admirable": Message to the Constituent Congress of the Republic of Colombia (20 January 1830)103
IILesser Bolivarian Texts
1.Political and Military
Oath Taken in Rome (15 August 1805)113
Decree of War to the Death (15 June 1813)115
Manifesto to the Nations of the World (20 September 1813)117
Manifesto of Carupano (7 September 1814)126
Manifesto on the Execution of General Manuel Piar (17 October 1817)130
Declaration of Angostura (20 November 1818)132
My Delirium on Chimborazo (1822)135
Letter to Jose Antonio Paez: "Nor Am I Napoleon" (6 March 1826)137
A Soldier's Death Penalty Commuted (26 January 1828)139
Manifesto Justifying the Dictatorship (27 August 1828)141
Manifesto Concerning the Installation of the Constituent Congress, the End of the Dictatorship, and Announcing the End of His Political Career (20 January 1830)143
Letter to General Juan Jose Flores: "Ploughing the Sea" (9 November 1830)145
Final Proclamation of the Liberator (10 December 1830)150
2.International Affairs
Letter to Sir Richard Wellesley: An Appeal for Support (27 May 1815)153
Letter to Baptis Irvine, Agent of the United States of America to Venezuela: Debating Neutral Rights (20 August 1818)156
Invitation to the Governments of Colombia, Mexico, Rio de la Plata, Chile, and Guatemala to Hold a Congress in Panama (7 December 1824)159
Letter to General Francisco de Paula Santander: The Brazilian Empire, Upper Peru, North Americans, and Other Problems (30 May 1825)162
Thoughts on the Congress to Be Held in Panama (1826)169
Letter to General Lafayette: On George Washington (20 March 1826)171
Letter to Colonel Patrick Campbell, British Charge d'Affaires: "Plague America with Miseries" (5 August 1829)172
3.Social and Economic Affairs
Decree for the Emancipation of the Slaves (2 June 1816)177
Redistribution of Properties as Compensation for Officers and Soldiers (10 October 1817)179
Letter to General Francisco de Paula Santander: On Slave Recruitment (18 April 1820)182
Decrees on Indian Rights, Lands, and Tribute
I.Decree Abolishing Personal Service Imposed on the Native Peoples: New Statute Governing Their Work (20 May 1820)184
II.Proclamation of the Civil Rights of Indians and Prohibition of Their Exploitation by Officials, Priests, Local Authorities, and Landowners (4 July 1825)187
III.Resolution on the Redistribution of Communal Lands (4 July 1825)189
IV.Resolution That Colombian Indians Pay a Tax Called "a Personal Tribute from Indigenous Peoples" (15 October 1828)191
Application of Capital Punishment to Officials Who Have Taken Money from Public Funds (12 January 1824)197
Measures for the Protection and Wise Use of the Nation's Forest Resources: Bolivar As Ecologist (31 July 1829)199
4.Education and Culture
Method to Be Employed in the Education of My Nephew Fernando Bolivar (1822?)205
Decree on the Installation of Several Normal Schools Based on the Lancasterian System (31 January 1825)207
Letters to Jose Joaquin de Olmedo: Critique of the "Victoria de Junin"
I.27 June 1825209
II.12 July 1825211
Circular on Educational Reform: Bentham Treatises Banned from All Colombian Universities (12 March 1828)214
Prohibition of Secret Societies (8 November 1828)216
Select Bibliography233

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