Electricity Requirements for a Digital Society

Electricity Requirements for a Digital Society

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780833032799
Publisher: RAND Corporation
Publication date: 01/28/2003
Pages: 144
Product dimensions: 6.78(w) x 8.86(h) x 0.38(d)
Lexile: 1660L (what's this?)

Table of Contents

Prefaceiii
Figuresix
Tablesxi
Summaryxiii
Acknowledgmentsxxiii
Acronyms and Abbreviationsxxv
Chapter 1Introduction1
1.1.Information and Communications Technologies and Energy in a Digital Society1
1.2.Report Objectives, Scope, and Organization2
Chapter 2Approach and Methodology5
2.1.Why Create Scenarios?5
2.2.Approach to Developing ICT Scenarios6
2.3.ICT Driving Factors7
2.4.Data, Assumptions, and Uncertainities in the Scenarios9
Chapter 3Information and Communications Technology Scenarios11
3.1.Overview of Scenarios11
3.2.Common 2001-2006 Scenario12
3.2.1.Ownership and Use of ICT Devices13
3.2.2.E-Commerce and Other ICT Applications15
3.2.3.ICT Issues in 200617
3.3.Reference Scenario18
3.3.1.Ownership and Use of ICT Devices19
3.3.2.E-Commerce and Other ICT Applications20
3.3.3.ICT Issues in 202121
3.4.Zaibatsu Scenario22
3.4.1.ICT Applications and Usage23
3.4.2.ICT Issues in 202124
3.5.Cybertopia Scenario24
3.5.1.ICT Applications and Usage26
3.5.2.ICT Issues in 202126
3.6.Net Insecurity Scenario27
3.6.1.ICT Applications and Usage29
3.6.2.ICT Issues in 202130
3.7.Comparing the Scenarios30
3.7.1.Technology Adoption Takes Place over Decades31
3.7.2.Contradictory Trends Proceed Simultaneously32
3.7.3.Unplanned, Mostly Unintended Consequences Dominate the Long-Term Effects of Technology32
Chapter 4Implications of the Scenarios for U.S. Electricity Use35
4.1.How ICT Influences Electricity and Other Energy Use35
4.2.Electricity Use in the Residential Sector, 2001-202136
4.2.1.Residential Electricity Use by ICT Equipment37
4.2.2.Electricity Savings from ICT-Facilitated Energy Management in Residences43
4.2.3.Changes in Residential Electricity Use from Telework46
4.2.4.Summing Up: ICT-Driven Residential Electricity Use, 2001-202149
4.3.Electricity Use in the Commercial Sector, 2001-202151
4.3.1.Commercial Electricity Use by ICT Equipment53
4.3.2.Electricity Savings from ICT-Facilitated Energy Management in Commercial Buildings57
4.3.3.Changes in Commercial Electricity Use from E-Commerce59
4.3.4.Changes in Commercial Sector Electricity Use from Telework61
4.3.5.Summing Up: ICT-Driven Commercial Electricity Use, 2001-202162
4.4.Electricity Use in the Industrial Sector, 2001-202164
4.4.1.Industrial Electricity Use by ICT Equipment66
4.4.2.Changes in Electricity Consumption from ICT Process Control67
4.4.3.Electricity Savings from ICT-Facilitated Energy Management in Industrial Buildings68
4.4.4.Changes in Industrial Electricity Use from E-Commerce69
4.4.5.Changes in Industrial Electricity Use from Telework70
4.4.6.Summing Up: ICT-Driven Industrial Electricity Use, 2001-202170
4.5.Projected Electricity Use in the Residential, Commercial, and Industrial Sectors, 2001-202172
Chapter 5Implications of the Scenarios for the U.S. Electricity System77
5.1.Assuring Power Quality and Reliability for Digital Devices77
5.2.Using ICT to Improve Grid Reliability and Operations82
5.3.Using ICT to Support Distributed Generation and Storage85
5.4.Reducing Vulnerability of ICT and Electricity Infrastructures88
Chapter 6Conclusions and Recommendations93
6.1.Aligning EERE Programs and Planning with Anticipated ICT Developments93
6.2.Improving Electricity Projections Involving ICT95
6.3.Improving ICT Scenarios for Energy Planning and Forecasting97
Appendix
A.Information and Communications Technology Scenario Matrix99
B.ICT-Related Electricity Use Projections117
References131

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