Elementary Survey Sampling (with CD-ROM) / Edition 6 available in Hardcover
- Pub. Date:
- Cengage Learning
This introductory text on the design and analysis of sample surveys emphasizes the practical aspects of survey problems. It begins with brief chapters on the role of sample surveys in the modern world. Thereafter, each chapter introduces a sample survey design or estimation procedure by describing the pertinent practical problem. The authors describe the methodology proposed for solving the problem and provide the details of the estimation procedure, including a compact presentation of the formulas needed to complete the analysis. Then, a practical example is worked out in complete detail. At the end of each chapter, a wealth of exercises gives students ample opportunity to practice the techniques and stretch their grasp of ideas.
About the Author
Richard L. Scheaffer, Professor Emeritus of Statistics, University of Florida, received his Ph.D. in statistics from Florida State University. Accompanying a career of teaching, research and administration, Dr. Scheaffer has led efforts on the improvement of statistics education throughout the school and college curriculum. Co-author of five textbooks, he was one of the developers of the Quantitative Literacy Project that formed the basis of the data analysis strand in the curriculum standards of the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics. He also led the task force that developed the AP Statistics Program, for which he served as Chief Faculty Consultant. Dr. Scheaffer is a Fellow and past president of the American Statistical Association, a past chair of the Conference Board of the Mathematical Sciences, and an advisor on numerous statistics education projects.
Lyman Ott earned his Bachelor's degree in Mathematics and Education and Master's degree in Mathematics from Bucknell University, and Ph.D in Statistics from the Virginia Polytechnic Institute. After two years working in statistics in the pharmaceutical industry, Dr. Ott became assistant professor in the Statistic Department at the University of Florida in 1968 and was named associate professor in 1972. He joined Merrell-National laboratories in 1975 as head of the Biostatistics Department and then head of the company's Research Data Center. He later became director of Biomedical Information Systems, Vice President of Global Systems and Quality Improvement in Research and Development, and Senior Vice President Business Process Improvement and Biometrics. He retired from the pharmaceutical industry in 1998, and nowserves as consultant and Board of Advisors member for Abundance Technologies, Inc. Dr. Ott has published extensively in scientific journals and authored or co-authored seven college textbooks including Basic Statistical Ideas for Managers, Statistics: A Tool for the Social Sciences and An Introduction to Statistical Methods and Data Analysis. He has been a member of the Industrial Research Institute, the Drug Information Association and the Biometrics Society. In addition, he is a Fellow of the American Statistical Association and received the Biostatistics Career Achievement Award from the Pharmaceutical research and Manufacturers of America in 1998. He was also an All-American soccer player in college and is a member of the Bucknell University Athletic Hall of Fame.
Table of Contents
1. INTRODUCTION. 2. ELEMENTS OF THE SAMPLING PROBLEM. Introduction. Technical Terms. How to Select the Sample: The Design of the Sample Survey. Sources of Errors in Surveys. Designing a Questionnaire. Planning a Survey. Summary. 3. SOME BASIC CONCEPTS OF STATISTICS. Introduction. Summarizing Information in Populations and Samples: The Infinite Population Case. Summarizing Information in Populations and Samples: The Finite Population Case. Sampling Distributions. Covariance and Correlation. Estimation. Summary. 4. SIMPLE RANDOM SAMPLING. Introduction. How to Draw a Simple Random Sample. Estimation of a Population Mean and Total. Selecting the Sample Size for Estimating Population Means and Totals. Estimation of a Population Proportion. Comparing Estimates. Summary. 5. STRATIFIED RANDOM SAMPLING. Introduction. How to Draw a Stratified Random Sample. Estimation of a Population Mean and Total. Selecting the Sample Size for Estimating Population Means and Totals. Allocation of the Sample. Estimation of a Population Proportion. Selecting the Sample Size and Allocating the Sample to Estimate Proportions. Additional Comments on Stratified Sampling. An Optimal Rule for Choosing Strata. Stratification after Selection of the Sample. Double Sampling for Stratification. Summary. 6. RATIO, REGRESSION, AND DIFFERENCE ESTIMATION. Introduction. Surveys that Require the Use of Ratio Estimators. Ratio Estimation Using Simple Random Sampling. Selecting the Sample Size. Ratio Estimation in Stratified Random Sampling. Regression Estimation. Difference Estimation. Relative Efficiency of Estimators. Summary. 7. SYSTEMATIC SAMPLING. Introduction. How to Draw a Systematic Sample. Estimation of a Population Mean and Total. Estimation of a Population Proportion. Selecting the Sample Size. Repeated Systematic Sampling. Further Discussion of Variance Estimators. Summary. 8. CLUSTER SAMPLING. Introduction. How to Draw a Cluster Sample. Estimation of a Population Mean and Total. Equal Cluster Sizes; Comparison to Simple Random Sampling. Selecting the Sample Size for Estimating Population Means and Totals. Estimation of a Population Proportion. Selecting the Sample Size for Estimating Proportions. Cluster Sampling Combined with Stratification. Cluster Sampling with Probabilities Proportional to Size. Summary. 9. TWO-STAGE CLUSTER SAMPLING. Introduction. How to Draw a Two-Stage Cluster Sample. Unbiased Estimation of a Population Mean and Total. Ratio Estimation of a Population Mean. Estimation of a Population Proportion. Sampling Equal-Sized Clusters. Two-Stage Cluster Sampling with Probabilities Proportional to Size. Summary. 10. ESTIMATING THE POPULATION SIZE. Introduction. Estimation of a Population Size Using Direct Sampling. Estimation of a Population Size Using Inverse Sampling. Choosing Sample Sizes for Direct and Inverse Sampling. Estimating Population Density and Size from Quadrat Samples. Estimating Population Density and Size from Stocked Quadrats. Adaptive Sampling. Summary. 11. SUPPLEMENTAL TOPICS. Introduction. Interpenetrating Subsamples. Estimation of Means and Totals over Subpopulations. Random-Response Model. Use of Weights in Sample Surveys. Adjusting for Nonresponse. Imputation. Selecting the Number of Callbacks. The Bootstrap. Summary. 12. SUMMARY. Summary of the Designs and Methods. Comparisons among the Designs and Methods. Appenidices. References and Bibliography Tables. Derivation of Some Main Results. Macros for MINITAB. Macros for SAS. Data Sets. Selected Answers. Index.