Elements of English: Verb Forms, Regular and Irregular

Elements of English: Verb Forms, Regular and Irregular

by Raymond Long

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Lists of irregular verbs are easy to find. Most give three parts: "ride", "rode", "ridden". For many verbs, isn't enough information. The verb "shrink" has both "shrunk" and "shrunken". The verb "rot" has both "rotted" and "rotten". The verb "pass" has both "passed" and "past". What is the difference?

Many verbs have a passive participle: "farmed land" is land that someone farms. But for some verbs this participle has an active meaning: "an accomplished artist" is an artist who has accomplished things, not an artist who someone else accomplishes. Some verbs have participles with both passive and active meanings.

Most verbs form their subject-noun by adding -er: the verb "play" has "player". But some are irregular: "liar", "actor", "glazier", "guarantor", "claimant", "hangman".

The English verb isn't nice and neat. You can't just learn three parts and then work out all the rest through regular rules. Instead, this book lists ten parts for each verb.

This book is not just another reference list of verbs. It shows the depth of variation and irregularity among English verbs, and it groups similar verbs together to make the patterns behind them easier to learn.

Product Details

BN ID: 2940011249181
Publisher: Raymond Long
Publication date: 03/26/2011
Series: Elements of English
Sold by: Smashwords
Format: NOOK Book
File size: 156 KB

About the Author

Raymond Long was born and grew up in England. He has degrees in Biochemistry and Biophysics, both from English universities. During his scientific career he worked in university and research council laboratories, two agencies of the British government, and private industry. He is now a full time author and editor. He has lived in Switzerland and Spain, but has now returned to his native England.

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