ISBN-10:
0205583814
ISBN-13:
2900205583811
Pub. Date:
07/03/2009
Publisher:
Pearson
Elements of Technical Writing / Edition 3

Elements of Technical Writing / Edition 3

by Thomas E. Pearsall

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Overview

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 2900205583811
Publisher: Pearson
Publication date: 07/03/2009
Series: Pearson English Value Textbook Series
Edition description: New Edition
Pages: 192
Product dimensions: 8.68(w) x 5.70(h) x 0.39(d)

Table of Contents

Preface xi

Part 1 The Seven Principles of Technical Writing 1

1 Know Your Purpose and Your Writing Situation 2

Your Purpose 2

Your Situation 4

Activities 7

Chapter Assignments 7

2 Know Your Audience and Their Situation 10

Concerns and Characteristics 10

Education, Experience, and Location 12

Attitudes Toward Purpose and Information 14

Activities 19

Chapter Assignments 19

3 Choose and Organize Your Content Around Your Purpose and Audience 20

Researching Content 21

Choosing Content 22

Organizing Your Content 24

Chronological 26

Classification and Division 27

Mechanism Descriptions 28

Outlines 29

Activities 32

Chapter Assignments 32

4 Write Clearly and Precisely 34

Paragraph for Readers 34

Revise Sentences and Words for Readers 36

Use Language Appropriate for Your Readers 37

Prefer the Active Voice 38

Use Personal Pronouns 39

Use Action Verbs 40

Don't Introduce Unnecessary Complication 41

Writing and Revising with Others 44

Activities 46

Chapter Assignments 46

5 Use Good Page Design 48

Use Default Layout Templates Cautiously 49

Provide Headings 49

Phrasing Headings 52

Making Headings Noticeable and Distinctive 53

Use Headers and Footers 54

Choose an Appropriate Type Size and Typeface 56

Type Size 56

Typeface 58

Use Lists and Informal Tables 58

Use Emphasis Carefully 59

Leave Ample White Space 60

Margins 60

Medium-Length Lines 60

Proper Spacing 60

Activities 62

Chapter Assignments 62

6 Think Visually 63

Getting and Showing Objects 63

Photographs 65

Drawings 68

Showing Processes 70

Showing Data 72

Tables 73

Graphs 75

Principles of Tables and Graphs 78

Considering CulturalDifferences 80

Activities 81

Chapter Assignments 81

7 Write Ethically 83

Don't Hide or Suppress Unfavorable Data 83

Don't Exaggerate Favorable Data 84

Don't Make False Implications 85

Don't Plagiarize 85

Credit Your Sources 86

Internet Documentation 91

Construct Ethical Graphs 93

Don't Lie 97

Activities 98

Chapter Assignments 98

Part 2 The Formats of Technical Writing 101

8 Elements of Reports 102

Title Page 103

Letter of Transmittal 103

Preface 106

Table of Contents 107

List of Illustrations 108

Glossary 108

List of Symbols 110

Abstracts and Summaries 111

Introduction 115

Discussion 116

Conclusions and Recommendations 117

Appendixes 120

Documentation 120

Copyright 120

Activities 121

Chapter Assignments 121

9 Formats of Reports 123

Instructions 123

Introduction 124

List of Equipment and Materials 124

How-To Instructions 125

Warnings 128

Theory 129

Glossary 129

Analytical Reports 130

Format 130

Discussion Sections 131

Proposals 136

Unsolicited Proposals 136

Student Proposals 139

Progress Reports 139

Empirical Research Reports 141

Abstract 141

Introduction 141

Literature Review 142

Materials and Methods 142

Results 142

Discussion 143

Conclusions 143

Activities 143

Chapter Assignments 144

10 Formats of Correspondence 145

Formal Elements of Letters 146

Letterhead 146

Date Line 146

Inside Address 146

Re Line 150

Subject Line 150

Salutation 150

Body 150

Complimentary Close 150

Signature Block 152

End Notations 152

Continuation Page 152

Simplified Letters 153

Memorandums 153

E-mail 155

Correspondence of the Job Search 155

Résumés 156

Letters of Application 161

Other Correspondence 163

Further Information 164

Activities 164

Chapter Assignments 164

Chapter Notes 165

Index 167

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