Emergency Planning and Management: Ensuring Your Company's Survival in the Event of a Disaster

Emergency Planning and Management: Ensuring Your Company's Survival in the Event of a Disaster

by William H. Stringfield

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Overview

Disaster and emergency planning encompasses much more than just planning for fire or natural disaster insurance, and this book covers a wide variety of potential emergencies, including terrorism, violence in the workplace, computer threats and sabotage, and civil disturbances. Stringfield, a consultant to industry and public safety organizations for emergency response and planning, explains how to assess a business' vulnerability, evaluate planning considerations, preserve records, and keep running even in the face of a disaster. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780865875050
Publisher: Government Institutes
Publication date: 01/28/1996
Pages: 306

Table of Contents

Preface to the Second Editionxiii
About the Authorxiv
Chapter 1An Emergency Planning Primer1
Why Insurance Is Not Enough2
Case History--Turbo Widgets3
Direct and Indirect Losses from Incidents5
Federal Requirements for Development of Emergency Action Plans7
Overview of Federal Requirements8
OSHA 1910.38(a)--Employee Emergency Action Plans8
OSHA 1910.120--Hazardous Waste Operations and Emergency Response9
OSHA 1910.119--Process Safety Management of Highly Hazardous Substances10
Superfund Amendments and Reauthorization Act (SARA) Title III--Emergency Planning and Community Right-to-Know Act of 198610
Oil Pollution Act of 1990 (OPA)11
40 CFR Part 68--Risk Management Programs for Chemical Accident Release Prevention11
40 CFR Part 112--Spill Prevention Control and Countermeasures Plan11
40 CFR 264.50 through 264.56, Subpart D--Contingency Plan and Emergency Procedures11
49 CFR Part 194--Response Plans for Onshore Oil Pipelines12
National Fire Protection Association12
NFPA 471--Recommended Practice for Responding to Hazardous Materials Incidents13
NFPA 472--Standard for Professional Competence of Responders to Hazardous Materials Incidents13
NFPA 600--Standard on Industrial Fire Brigades13
NFPA 1561--Standard on Fire Department Incident Management System14
NFPA 1600--Recommended Practice for Disaster Management14
Chapter 2Assessment of Your Vulnerability15
Hazard and Risk Management Assessment17
Benefits of a Hazard & Risk Management Assessment18
Step 1Determine the Potential Hazards That Threaten the Facility18
Risk Potential Analysis18
Types of Hazards19
1.Fire and explosion19
2.Hazardous material releases20
3.Severe weather and natural events21
4.Transportation incidents22
5.Public demonstrations and civil disturbances23
6.Terrorism23
7.Sabotage24
8.Workplace violence25
9.Strikes and work stoppages25
Step 2Determine the Prevention and Preparedness Level of the Facility26
Step 3Determine the Ability of the Facility to Protect Company Assets26
Step 4Assess the Capabilities of Your Personnel27
Step 5Putting It All Together27
Chapter 3Planning Considerations29
Hurricanes29
Tornadoes30
Winter Storms31
Floods32
Earthquakes33
Facility Fires34
Hazardous Materials36
Transportation Incidents38
Public Demonstrations/Civil Disturbances38
Terrorism39
Sabotage40
Secondary Disasters41
Chapter 4Survival after an Emergency43
Organizations with Post-Emergency Responsibilities44
Local Officials44
County Officials44
State Agencies44
Federal Agencies45
Other Organizations and Agencies45
Other Issues of Concern46
Political Issues46
Five Steps to Business Recovery47
Step 1Assign Responsibility for Business Recovery47
Step 2Make Plans to Establish Temporary Facilities47
Step 3Prepare to Contact Your Customers48
Step 4Establish Joint Alliances50
Step 5Establish Agreements with Your Vendors51
Specific Situations and Solutions51
Telephone Disruption52
Central Telephone Systems52
Insurance Policies53
Inventory Records53
Lease Agreements54
Receivables54
Computer Data54
Record Protection55
Record Protection for Field Personnel55
Chapter 5Generic Emergency Action Plan57
I.Introduction59
A.Purpose of the Emergency Action Plan59
B.Legal Authority59
C.Assumptions and Situations59
D.Facility Health and Safety Policy60
E.Organization and Personnel Responsibilities60
F.Plan Update Procedures and Revisions60
G.Plan Distribution61
II.Facility Hazard and Risk Analysis61
A.Overview of Facility61
B.Facility Risk Evaluation61
C.Offsite Risk Evaluation62
III.Prevention62
A.General Prevention Policy62
B.Fire Prevention Policy62
C.Facility Safety Inspections and Audits63
D.Facility Health and Safety Committee63
IV.Preparedness63
A.Training63
B.Drills and Exercises64
C.Facilities, Supplies, and Equipment64
D.Facility Security65
E.Media Relations Policy65
V.Detection, Alarm, and Notification Procedures66
A.Incident Discovery66
B.Initial Notification66
C.Emergency Alerting Procedures67
D.Evacuation and Personnel Accountability67
E.Emergency Notifications67
F.Regulatory Notifications68
VI.Incident Handling Procedures69
A.Fires and Explosions69
B.Hazardous Material Releases69
C.Medical Emergency69
D.Severe Weather Incidents69
E.Bomb Threats69
F.Transportation Accidents69
G.Public Demonstrations/Civil Disturbances69
H.Terrorism69
I.Sabotage69
J.Workplace Violence70
K.Strikes and Work Stoppages70
VII.Facility Shutdown Guidelines70
A.Emergency Shutdown Procedures70
VIII.Terminating the Emergency71
A.Recovery of Operations71
B.Documentation71
C.Incident Investigation71
D.Damage Assessment72
F.Post-Emergency Activities72
IX. AppendixMaterials72
A.Maps72
B.Procedure Charts73
C.Callup Lists73
D.Emergency Contact Numbers73
E.List of Local Resources73
F.Mutual Aid Agreements74
G.Glossary of Terms74
Additional Plan Observations74
Chapter 6Preservation of Records75
Vital Records75
What Records Are Vital?76
Selecting Records to Be Protected76
Record Analysis Procedure76
Protecting Vital Records77
Safeguarding Vital Computer Information and Records78
Controlling the Central Computer Facility79
Ensuring Information Integrity80
Personal Computers82
Testing the Vital Records Program82
Chapter 7Sample Emergency Action Plan83
Table of Contents84
Section IAdministration87
Policy Statement87
Scope of Plan87
Legal Compliance87
Authority Statement88
Plan Distribution88
Plan Updating Procedures89
Plan Training89
Plan Drills and Exercises91
Section IIGeneral Information91
Description of Facility and Operations91
Emergency Recognition and Prevention91
Organization and Personnel Responsibilities93
Media Relations Policy96
Emergency Alerting Procedures96
Evacuation and Personnel Accountability97
Section IIIMaps and Diagrams of the Facility100
Map of Facility and Designated Evacuation Meeting Points100
Section IVEmergency Procedures101
Emergency Medical Situations101
Fires102
Severe Weather/Natural Disasters104
Chemical Releases106
Bomb Threats108
Power Outages109
Temporary Sheltering Procedures110
Section VTerminating the Emergency111
Recovery of Operations111
Documentation111
Incident Investigation112
Damage Assessment112
Post-Emergency Activities113
AppendixDocuments114
Employee Emergency Roll Call114
Missing Person Worksheet115
Bomb Threat Checklist116
Emergency Action Plan Exercise Evaluation Form117
Appendix AInternet Resources for Disaster Planning119
Appendix BOSHA Emergency Hotline143
Appendix CFacts About SBA Disaster Loan Programs145
Appendix DSBA Disaster Area Offices147
Appendix EPrincipal Threats Facing Communities and Local Emergency Management Coordinators149
Glossary269
Index275

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