Empathy in the Global World: An Intercultural Perspective / Edition 1

Empathy in the Global World: An Intercultural Perspective / Edition 1

by Carolyn Calloway-Thomas
Pub. Date:
SAGE Publications
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Empathy in the Global World: An Intercultural Perspective / Edition 1

The first book to examine the nature, practices, and potential of empathy for understanding and addressing human problems on a global scale

Violence and acts of hatred worldwide—from the bombing of the World Trade Center on September 11, 2001 to wars in Iraq, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Darfur, and Palestine—call attention to the critical importance of empathy in human affairs. Empathy in the Global World examines the role of compassion in decision making, how it is communicated via the media, and how it affects global problems such as poverty and environmental disasters. Ideal for undergraduate and graduate students, politicians, and reformers, this important work helps readers understand the workings of empathy—the bedrock of intercultural communication—as it demonstrates the importance of understanding the role of compassion in addressing international challenges.

Key Features:

  • Offers historical and cultural analysis into an array of topics, from the genesis of empathy to 21st- century discourse and practices of the concept
  • Takes readers beyond existing ways of looking at empathy into such areas as geopolitics, global class issues, the world of NGOs, and national disasters
  • Explores what it is like to grapple with terrorism, Israeli-Arab relations, and other audacious events that shape human thought
  • Clarifies and connects issues through stories and examples of empathetic and non-empathetic practices across a range of cultures

Intended Audience

Empathy in the Global World: An Intercultural Perspective is ideal for a wide range of courses, including Conflict/Negotiation/Mediation, Intercultural Communication, and Interpersonal Communication.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781412957915
Publisher: SAGE Publications
Publication date: 11/06/2009
Pages: 249
Sales rank: 920,459
Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 8.90(h) x 0.70(d)

Table of Contents

Preface xi

Chapter 1 A Global Imperative: The Unveiling of Empathy 1

A World in Conflict 2

Hume's Concentric Circles 4

Outline of the Book 5

Significance of Empathy 7

The Meaning of Empathy 8

Imagining the Feelings of Others 9

The Concept of Cultural Empathy 11

The Meaning of Cultural Empathy 12

Stages of Empathy 13

An Attitude of Attentiveness 16

Space, Place, Time, and Memory 18

The Case of Yugoslavia 19

Myths and Legends 22

Chapter 2 The Creation of Empathy: From Ancients to Moderns 25

Beginnings 25

Buddhism 27

The Four Noble Truths and Eight-Fold Path 28

Alexander the Great 30

Herodotus the Traveler 31

Observations and Interpretations 32

Customs, Geographic, and Cultural 33

The Everyday and Cultural Borrowing 34

Herodotus and the Language of Description 35

Herodotus's Influence 36

Stoics: Citizens of the World 38

Stoics and the Psychology of the Soul 39

Cicero on Duties and Empathy 40

Empathy, Reason, and Communal Responsibility 41

Four Essential Virtues 42

Seneca: Cultivating Humanity 43

Seneca on Anger 43

Adam Smith 45

Reciprocal Empathy and Pleasure 46

Empathy, Property, and Principles 47

John Stuart Mill 49

The Public Good 49

Morality and Utilitarianism 50

Chapter 3 Geopolitics: The Spoils of Empathy 53

Whirlwinds: 9/11, Iraq, and Al-Qaeda 53

An Inattentive Gaze 54

Defense Planning 55

The Joining 57

The Pate of Iraq 58

Interventionist Measures 59

L. Paul Bremer's Role and Groupthink 61

A Narrower Focus 63

Intensification of Inattentiveness 64

Split Between Fact and Value 67

Democracy for Iraq 69

Widening Circles 70

Terrorism and Insurgency 71

TroubleSites: Israel, Iran, and Hezbollah 73

Hezbollah 75

Other Connections 76

America's Image Abroad 77

Survey Data and America's Image 79

Chapter 4 Immigration: Empathy's Flickering Flames? 83

The Coming: Before Global Immigration 83

The Treaty of Westphalia 84

Westphalia: Revolutions and Immigration 85

Immigration: The Changing Environment 87

Social and Legal Impact on Immigration 89

Public Space and New Immigrants 91

Immigration in Europe 92

Empathy of Elites and Global Immigration 92

Elites on College Campuses 93

Hegemony and Immigration 95

Three Troubling Incidents 96

Amsterdam: Murder of Theo van Gogh 96

Reactions to van Gogh's Murder 97

Paris Burning: Rioting by Muslim Youths 99

Cartoons, Prophet Mohammad, and Empathy 101

Reactions to Cartoons 102

A Clash of Civilizations? 105

Western Culture and the Immigration Dilemma 105

Lessons Learned 106

Tensions, Population, and Assimilation 108

Chapter 5 Crafting Images: Media and Empathy 113

Framing: Imaging the Cultural Other 113

Crafting the Cultural Other 115

Media and Ideology 116

Mini-Case: Ethiopia 117

Media Amplification 119

Amplification of Blacks 120

Associative Circulations 122

Inputs and Outputs 124

Afghanistan 125

Asymmetry of Images 127

Centers and Peripheries: Attentive to Whom? 129

Media Effects: Sharon Stone 130

Case Study of Effects: Bono 131

Covering Terrorism and Insurgencies 133

9/11 133

Mourning and 9/11 133

Chinks in Memory 135

Fear-Arousing Appeals 136

The Arrival of Insurgents 138

Categories of Insurgents 138

Framing Insurgents 139

War: Iraqi Style 140

Insurgents' Use of Media 141

Chapter 6 Catastrophes, Tsunamis, and Katrinas 147

The Moral Imperative 147

Climate, Empathy, and Charity 148

Huge Global Inequalities 149

Age of Vulnerability 150

Celebrity-Corporate Nexus Competition 151

The Common-Good Angle 152

The Tsunami Strikes 154

In Katrina's Waters 157

Structures, Roles, and Functions 158

International Reactions to Katrina 160

Mayor White and Other Responses 161

Charity vs. Justice 163

Case Study 1 Africa and Justice 164

Case Study 2 Good Intentions 166

Case Study 3 Packets of Vestments 167

Trust in the Individual 168

An Empathetic Place Beyond Catastrophes 169

Chapter 7 "I Didn't Do It for You": Organizations, Class, and Poverty 171

Openings: Inclined to Help 171

Contested Giving 173

Who Gets What? 175

"Progress-Prone" and "Progress-Resistant" Cultures 176

NGOs, World Bank, and IMF 177

Hard Empathy Versus Soft Empathy 177

Hard Empathy: Grameen Bank 178

Sixteen Decisions of Grameen Bank 179

Hard Empathy: Malawi 181

Lessons From Hernando De Soto 183

Cultural Interpretations of the Poor 185

Domains of Grievances 186

Economic Grievances 186

Rights and Justice 188

Biopolitical Grievances 189

Governing Class: "Party of Davos" 191

Makeup of the Governing Class 192

NAFTA and the Global Class 192

The Party of Davos 194

Constraining Empathy: Behavior of Elites 195

Geographic Distance: East Timor 196

Structural and Social Ease: Africa 197

The United Nations Millennium Project 199

Chapter 8 Empathetic Literacy: Come, Shout About It? 203

Breakthroughs and Empathy 203

Reasons for Generosity 204

"Help on Wheels" 206

"Rugs to Riches: How Fair Trade Matters" 207

"The Mount Kenya Academy: Strings Attached" 208

A Common Empathetic Agenda 209

Toward Empathetic Literacy 214

Global Respect 215

Mutuality 215

Trust 215

Knowledge Base 216

Ten Basic Rules of Intercultural Relations 216

Epilogue: Where Do We Go From Here? 220

References 221

Index 235

About the Author 249

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