ISBN-10:
1681774992
ISBN-13:
9781681774992
Pub. Date:
Publisher:
Empires in the Sun: The Struggle for the Mastery of Africa

Empires in the Sun: The Struggle for the Mastery of Africa

by Lawrence James

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Overview

The one hundred year history of how Europe coerced the African continent into its various empires—and the resulting story of how Africa succeeded in decolonization.

In this dramatic (and often tragic) story of an era that radically changed the course of world history, Lawrence James investigates how, within one hundred years, Europeans persuaded and coerced Africa into becoming a subordinate part of the modern world. His narrative is laced with the experiences of participants and onlookers and introduces the men and women who, for better or worse, stamped their wills on Africa. The continent was a magnet for the high-minded, the adventurous, the philanthropic, the unscrupulous. Visionary pro-consuls rubbed shoulders with missionaries, explorers, soldiers, big-game hunters, entrepreneurs, and physicians.

Between 1830 and 1945, Britain, France, Belgium, Germany, Portugal, Italy and the United States exported their languages, laws, culture, religions, scientific and technical knowledge and economic systems to Africa. The colonial powers imposed administrations designed to bring stability and peace to a continent that appeared to lack both. The justification for occupation was emancipation from slavery—and the common assumption that late nineteenth-century Europe was the summit of civilization.

By 1945 a transformed continent was preparing to take charge of its own affairs, a process of decolonization that took a quick twenty years. This magnificent history also pauses to ask: what did not happen and why?


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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781681774992
Publisher: Pegasus Books
Publication date: 06/06/2017
Sold by: SIMON & SCHUSTER
Format: NOOK Book
Pages: 416
File size: 42 MB
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About the Author

One of our finest narrative historians, especially on imperial subjects, Lawrence James is the author of The Rise and Fall of the British Empire, Raj, and The Aristocrats. He lives near Oxford. 
One of our finest narrative historians, especially on imperial subjects, Lawrence James is the author of The Rise and Fall of the British Empire, Raj, and The Aristocrats. He lives near Oxford.

Table of Contents

Illustrations xi

Preface xiii

Maps xix

Part 1 1830-1881

1 Mission Civilisatrice: Europe and Africa in 1830 3

2 'Sold just like chickens': Slavery and the Slave Trade 15

3 'Ethiopia shall soon stretch out her hands to God': Missionaries 28

4 White Man's Countries I: Razzia: The Conquest of Algeria 38

5 White Man's Countries II: 'I am a chief and master': South Africa 48

6 'Un vaste plan d'occupation': Exploitation and Exploration 62

Part 2 1882-1918

7 'Bring on a fight': Regime Change in Egypt and the Sudan 1882-1889 77

8 'Will and force': Partition 1882-1914 88

9 'It'll all be pink soon': The Struggle for Southern Africa 1882-1914 101

10 'If you strike, strike hard': Pacification 1885-1914 111

11 'White savages': Hearts of Darkness 120

12 'We go where we are led': Missions and Their Enemies 132

13 'Toxic is the gift of Christians': Islam and Empires 144

14 'Palm trees, enormous flowers, Negroes, animals and adventures': The Impact of Africa on Europe 155

15 'The honour of the ruling race': Racial Attitudes, Sexual Encounters and Africa's Future 167

16 'Lloyd George', 'Kitchener', 'Sambo' and 'Coolie': Africa at War 1914-1918 179

Part 3 1919-1945

17 'Contagious excitement': The Rise of Nationalism 193

18 'Force to the uttermost': More Wars 1919-1939 207

19 'Unable to stand alone': Africa on the Eve of War 219

20 'Wait and see': Italian Disasters and French Traumas 1940-1945 232

21 'Black Tarantulas': Africans at War 245

Part 4 1945-1990

22 'Can Russians speak Swahili?': Nationalist Agitation and Cold War Phantoms in British Africa 1945-1957 259

23 'Comrade Nasser, don't worry!': Egypt and the Cold War 1945-1980 272

24 A 'horde of rats': The Algerian War and Its Memories 281

25 'Insatiable greed': Decolonisation and the Cold War 291

26 'Maelstrom': The Congo and Rhodesia 302

27 'They have left us in the lurch': The Last Days of White Africa 313

Notes 330

Bibliography 346

Acknowledgements 365

Index 367

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