This epic history compares the empires built by Spain and Britain in the Americas, from Columbus’s arrival in the New World to the end of Spanish colonial rule in the early nineteenth century. J. H. Elliott, one of the most distinguished and versatile historians working today, offers us history on a grand scale, contrasting the worlds built by Britain and by Spain on the ruins of the civilizations they encountered and destroyed in North and South America.
Elliott identifies and explains both the similarities and differences in the two empires’ processes of colonization, the character of their colonial societies, their distinctive styles of imperial government, and the independence movements mounted against them. Based on wide reading in the history of the two great Atlantic civilizations, the book sets the Spanish and British colonial empires in the context of their own times and offers us insights into aspects of this dual history that still influence the Americas.
|Publisher:||Yale University Press|
|Edition description:||New Edition|
|Product dimensions:||6.75(w) x 9.62(h) x (d)|
About the Author
J. H. Elliott is Regius Professor Emeritus of Modern History, University of Oxford. His previous books include The Count-Duke of Olivares, A Palace for a King (with Jonathan Brown), and Spain and Its World, 15001700, all published by Yale University Press. Among the many honors he has received are the Wolfson Prize for History, the Prince of Asturias Prize for the Social Sciences, and the Balzan Prize for History.
Table of Contents
List of Illustrations vii
List of Maps xi
Introduction. Worlds Overseas xiii
Note on the Text xxi
Intrusion and Empire: Hernan Cortes and Christopher Newport; motives and methods 3
Occupying American Space: Symbolic occupation; physical occupation; peopling the land 29
Confronting American Peoples: A mosaic of peoples; Christianity and civility; coexistence and segregation 57
Exploiting American Resources: Plunder and 'improvement'; labour supply; transatlantic economies 88
Crown and Colonists: The framework of empire; authority and resistance 117
The Ordering of Society: Hierarchy and control; social antagonism and emerging elites 153
America as Sacred Space: God's providential design; the church and society; a plurality of creeds 184
Empire and Identity: Transatlantic communities; creole communities; cultural communities 219
Societies on the Move: Expanding populations; moving frontiers; slave and free 255
War and Reform: The Seven Years War and imperial defence; the drive for reform; redefining imperial relationships 292
Empires in Crisis: Ideas in ferment; a community divided; a crisis contained 325
A New World in the Making: The search for legitimacy; the end ofempire; the emancipation of America: contrasting experiences 369
List of Abbreviations 412
Most Helpful Customer Reviews
Empires of the Atlantic World: Britain and Spain in America, 1492-1830 based on 0 ratings. 2 reviews.
A detailed comparison of the British and Spanish Empires in America. Thoughtful, comprehensive, and revealing.