Empires of the Atlantic World: Britain and Spain in America, 1492-1830 / Edition 1

Empires of the Atlantic World: Britain and Spain in America, 1492-1830 / Edition 1

by John H. Elliott
Pub. Date:
Yale University Press


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Empires of the Atlantic World: Britain and Spain in America, 1492-1830 / Edition 1

This epic history compares the empires built by Spain and Britain in the Americas, from Columbus’s arrival in the New World to the end of Spanish colonial rule in the early nineteenth century. J. H. Elliott, one of the most distinguished and versatile historians working today, offers us history on a grand scale, contrasting the worlds built by Britain and by Spain on the ruins of the civilizations they encountered and destroyed in North and South America.
Elliott identifies and explains both the similarities and differences in the two empires’ processes of colonization, the character of their colonial societies, their distinctive styles of imperial government, and the independence movements mounted against them. Based on wide reading in the history of the two great Atlantic civilizations, the book sets the Spanish and British colonial empires in the context of their own times and offers us insights into aspects of this dual history that still influence the Americas.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780300123999
Publisher: Yale University Press
Publication date: 04/24/2007
Edition description: New Edition
Pages: 608
Sales rank: 723,858
Product dimensions: 246.00(w) x 171.00(h) x (d)

About the Author

J. H. Elliott is Regius Professor Emeritus of Modern History, University of Oxford. His previous books include The Count-Duke of Olivares, A Palace for a King (with Jonathan Brown), and Spain and Its World, 1500—1700, all published by Yale University Press. Among the many honors he has received are the Wolfson Prize for History, the Prince of Asturias Prize for the Social Sciences, and the Balzan Prize for History.

Table of Contents

List of Illustrations     vii
List of Maps     xi
Introduction. Worlds Overseas     xiii
Note on the Text     xxi
Intrusion and Empire: Hernan Cortes and Christopher Newport; motives and methods     3
Occupying American Space: Symbolic occupation; physical occupation; peopling the land     29
Confronting American Peoples: A mosaic of peoples; Christianity and civility; coexistence and segregation     57
Exploiting American Resources: Plunder and 'improvement'; labour supply; transatlantic economies     88
Crown and Colonists: The framework of empire; authority and resistance     117
The Ordering of Society: Hierarchy and control; social antagonism and emerging elites     153
America as Sacred Space: God's providential design; the church and society; a plurality of creeds     184
Empire and Identity: Transatlantic communities; creole communities; cultural communities     219
Societies on the Move: Expanding populations; moving frontiers; slave and free     255
War and Reform: The Seven Years War and imperial defence; the drive for reform; redefining imperial relationships     292
Empires in Crisis: Ideas in ferment; a community divided; a crisis contained     325
A New World in the Making: The search for legitimacy; the end ofempire; the emancipation of America: contrasting experiences     369
Epilogue     403
List of Abbreviations     412
Notes     413
Bibliography     481
Index     517

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