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Encyclopedia of Computer Science / Edition 4

Encyclopedia of Computer Science / Edition 4


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Encyclopedia of Computer Science / Edition 4

The Encyclopedia of Computer Science is the definitive reference incomputer science and technology. First published in 1976, it isstill the only single volume to cover every major aspect of thefield. Now in its Fourth Edition, this influential work provides anhistorical timeline highlighting the key breakthroughs in computerscience and technology, as well as clear and concise explanationsof the latest technology and its practical applications. Its uniqueblend of historical perspective, current knowledge and predictedfuture trends has earned it its richly deserved reputation as anunrivalled reference classic.

What sets the Encyclopedia apart from other reference sources isthe comprehensiveness of each of its entries. Encompassing far morethan mere definitions, each article elaborates on a topic giving aremarkable breadth and depth of coverage. The visual impact of thevolume is enhanced with a 16 page colour insert spotlightingadvanced computer applications and computer-generated graphicstechnology. In addition, the text is enlivened with figures,tables, diagrams, illustrations and photographs.
With contributions from over 300 international experts, the 4thEdition contains over 100 completely new articles ranging fromartificial life to computer ethics, data mining to Java, mobilecomputing to quantum computing and software safety to the WorldWide Web. In addition, each of the more than 600 articles have beenextensively revised, expanded and updated to reflect the latestdevelopments in computer science and technology.

Intelligently and thoughtfully organised, all the articles areclassified around 9 main themes

  • Hardware
  • Software
  • Computer Systems
  • Information and Data
  • Mathematics of Computing
  • Theory of Computation
  • Methodologies
  • Applications
  • Computing Milieux

Within each of these major headings are a wealth of articlesthat provide the reader with concise yet thorough coverage of thetopic. In addition, cross-references are included at the beginningof each article, directing the reader immediately to relatedmaterial.

In addition the Encyclopedia contains useful appendicesincluding:

  • An expanded glossary of major terms in English, German, Spanishand Russian
  • A revised list of abbreviations and acronyms
  • An updated list of computer science and engineering researchjournals
  • A list of articles from previous editions not included in the4th edition
  • A Name Index listing almost 3500 individuals cited in thetext
  • A comprehensive General Index with 7000 entries
  • A chronology of significant milestones
  • Computer Society & Academic Computer Science DepartmentListings
  • Numerical Tables, Mathematical Notation and Units ofMeasure

Highly-regarded as an essential resource for computerprofessionals, engineers, mathematicians, students and scientists,the Encyclopedia of Computer Science is a must-have reference forevery college, university, business and high-school library.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780470864128
Publisher: Wiley
Publication date: 09/19/2003
Edition description: Subsequent
Pages: 2064
Product dimensions: 8.50(w) x 11.30(h) x 3.80(d)

About the Author

Anthony Ralston is an Academic Visitor in the Department ofComputing at Imperial College, London, and Professor Emeritus inthe Department of Computer Science at the State University of NewYork at Buffalo, which he founded in 1967 and chaired until 1980.He is the author or editor of more than a dozen books on computerscience and related areas, and a frequent contributor to leadingbooks and journals in the field. He has served as president of theAmerican Federation for Information Processing Societies and theAssociation for Computing Machinery. He is a recipient of theACM’s Distinguished Service Award, a Fellow of the AmericanAssociation for the Advancement of Science and a Fellow of theRoyal Society of Arts.

Edwin D. Reilly is Professor Emeritus of Computer Scienceat the State University of New York at Albany. He served as thefirst chairman of its computer science department when founded in1967 and as the first director of its computing center in 1965.Prior to that time, he served in computer management positions atthe General Electric Knolls Atomic Power Laboratory in Schenectady,NY. He began his career in computing at the National SecurityAgency in Washington in 1955. He holds the Ph.D. in physics fromRensselaer Polytechnic Institute and is currently president of hisconsulting firm Cybernetic Information Systems. He is theco-author of the textbooks Pascalgorithms (Houghton-Mifflin)and VAX Assembly Language (Macmillan, US). He is a member ofthe Association for Computing Machinery, the IEEE Computer Society,the American Physical Society, the Mathematical Association ofAmerica, Sigma Xi, and the America Association for the Advancementof Science.

David Hemmendinger is Associate Professor of ComputerScience and department chair at Union College, Schenectady, NewYork. He has also taught computer science at Wright StateUniversity, Ohio. His interests include programming languages,concurrent programming, and formal verification of hardwaredesigns. He began work in computer science in 1981, havingpreviously taught philosophy at the City University of New York,and at Antioch and Kenyon Colleges. He has degrees from Harvard(B.A.) and Stanford Universities (M.S. in mathematics), Yale (M.A.,Ph.D. in philosophy) and Wright State University (M.S. in computerscience). He is a senior member of the IEEE, and a member of theAssociation for Computing Machinery, Phi Beta Kappa, and SigmaXi.

Table of Contents


Preface to the Fourth Edition.

Editors' Foreword.

Classification of Articles.

Trademarked Items.


Color Pages CP-1-CP-16.


I. Abbreviations and Acronyms.

II. Notation and Units.

III. Computer Journals and Magazines.

IV. Ph.D.-Granting Departments of Computer Science andEngineering.

V. Presidents of Major Computing Societies.

VI. Key High-Level  Languages.

VII. Glossary of Major Terms in Five Languages.

VIII. Articles Deleted from Previous Editions.

IX. Timeline of Significant Computing Milestones.

Name Index.

General Index.

What People are Saying About This

John Hopcroft

With this new edition, Ralston, Reilly and Hemmendinger continue to make the Encyclopedia of Computer Science even more valuable. The field of computer science is changing with unprecedented speed and it is difficult to keep up with all the new emerging areas. This book will allow scholars and students quick access to articles that will explain a broad range of areas across the discipline. It should be part of every technical library. (John Hopcroft Dean of Engineering College of Engineering, Cornell University, USA)

Peter J. Denning

Few people are aware of the enormous scope of the science and engineering of the Information Technology field...The Encyclopedia of Computer Science lets everyone in on this awesome secret. It is a must-have.
— (Peter J. Denning Past President of the ACM)

Maurice V. Wilkes

Of all my general reference books, the Encyclopedia of Computer Science is the one I use most, and I am looking forward to having the fourth edition on my desk.
— (Maurice V. Wilkes Professor of Computing at the University of Cambridge, UK)

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