Endophytes are commonly known as microorganisms, mainly bacteria and fungi, which live inside plant tissues without inducing symptoms. Considering the long-lived trees, endophytes have a fundamental role in preparing their hosts to face extreme weather conditions, drought, heat, cold, and pathogen and herbivore attacks. The current knowledge clearly demonstrates the importance of endophytes in shaping the plant diversity in a forest. Endophytes have an important capacity for biocontrol of forest diseases. Considering endophyte diversity and the range of various compounds and enzymes they can produce, endophytes can be used for various biotechnological applications.
Table of ContentsPreface.- Endophyte diversity in trees.- 1. Endophytic Yeasts: Biology, Ecology and Applications; Pierre M. Joubert, Sharon Lafferty Doty.- 2. Dimensions of Host Specificity in Foliar Fungal Endophytes; Austen Apigo, Ryoko Oono.- 3. Diversity of Endophytes in Tropical Forests; Sudipta Roy, Debdulal Banerjee.- 4. Tree endophytes: Cryptic drivers of tropical forest diversity; Eric A. Griffin, Walter P. Carson.- 5. Dark Septate Endophytes (DSE) in Boreal and Subarctic Forests; Anna Liisa Ruotsalainen.- 6. Dark Septate Endophytes and Mycorrhizal Fungi of Trees Affected by Metal Pollution; Matevž Likar.- Interaction of endophytes with tree host.- 7. The Genomes of Endophytic Bacteria; A. Carolin Frank.- 8. Endophytic Bacteria in Tree Shoot Tissues and Their Effects on Host; Anna Maria Pirttilä.- 9. Nitrogen fixing endophytes in forest trees; Rómulo Oses et al.- A thin line between endophyte and pathogen.- 10. Epidemiological Investigations Shed Light on The Ecologal Role of The Endophyte Phomopsis quercina in Mediterranean Oak Forests; Salvatore Moricca et al.- 11. Dieback of European ash: What Can We Learn from the Microbial Community and Species-specific Traits of Endophytic Fungi Associated with Ash?; Ari M. Hietala et al.- Endophytes in biocontrol of trees.- 12. Endophytes and forest health; Johanna Witzell, Juan A. Martin.- 13. Biocontrol Potential of Forest Tree Endophytes; Eeva Terhonen et al.- 14. Bacteria Inhabiting Wood of Roots and Stumps in Forest and Arable Soils; Katarzyna Kubiake et al.- 15. Toxigenic foliar endophytes from the Acadian Forest; Joey B. Tanney et al.- Endophytes as sources of new drug compounds.- 16. Antimicrobial Compounds from Tree Endophytes; J. Fischer, A. Schüffler.- 17. Potential of Tree Endophytes as Sources for New Drug Compounds; Mysore V. Tejesvi, Anna Maria Pirttilä.