Energizing Green Cities in Southeast Asia: Applying Sustainable Urban Energy and Emissions Planning

Energizing Green Cities in Southeast Asia: Applying Sustainable Urban Energy and Emissions Planning


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"Cities currently account for about two-thirds of the world's annual energy consumption and about 70 percent of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. In the coming decades, urbanization and income growth in developing countries are expected to push cities' energy consumption and GHG emissions shares even higher, particularly where the majority of people remain underserved by basic infrastructure services and where city authorities are underresourced to shift current trajectories. These challenges are faced by many cities and millions of people in the East Asia and Pacific (EAP) Region, which is experiencing unprecedented rates of urbanization, as the region's urban population grows almost twice as fast as the world's urban population.

This book lays out a blueprint for transforming EAP cities to global engines of green growth by choosing energy efficient solutions to their infrastructure needs. It urges national and municipal governments to reform institutions, build capacity, and strengthen energy planning and governance in order to mainstream energy efficiency on a citywide scale and introduce low-carbon policies in fast-growing cities in the EAP Region which will define the Region's energy future and its GHG footprint. This book is based on case studies undertaken in three pilot cities -- Cebu City (the Philippines), Da Nang (Vietnam), and Surabaya (Indonesia) -- which illustrate the use of an energy efficiency platform -- SUEEP (sustainable urban energy and emissions planning) -- for the identification and prioritization of green investments across all major infrastructure sectors. It presents the SUEEP process as a framework for collaboration between municipal governments, stakeholders, private investors and financing institutions in achieving the green growth objectives at the city level. It also provides step-by-step guidance on the SUEEP framework in the form of a Guidebook to help a city develop its own energy and emissions plan and link its aspirations to actionable initiatives to improve energy efficiency and reduce emissions."

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780821398371
Publisher: Bernan Distribution
Publication date: 09/16/2013
Series: Directions in Development
Pages: 316
Product dimensions: 6.80(w) x 9.90(h) x 0.90(d)

Table of Contents

Foreword xv

Preface xvii

Abbreviations xix

Overview 1

Urbanization, Economic Growth, Energy, and Emissions Trends 2

Understanding the Cities: Energy Use and GHG Emissions 5

Sector Diagnostics: Identifying Opportunities 12

The Role of Institutions 16

Governance Mechanisms 18

Next Steps 19

Notes 23

References 23

Part I Urban Energy Use and Greenhouse Gas Emissions in East Asia and Pacific 25

Chapter 1 Introduction and Background 27

Urbanization, Economic Growth, and Impact on Energy and Greenhouse Gas Emissions 27

Report Structure 42

Notes 44

References 44

Chapter 2 Understanding the Cities: Energy Use and Greenhouse Gas Emissions 47

City Overview 47

City Energy Profile 49

City Emissions Profile 60

Note 65

References 65

Chapter 3 Sector Diagnostics: Identifying Opportunities 67

Public Lighting 67

Transportation 69

City Government Buildings 73

Solid Waste 76

Water and Wastewater 79

Power 82

Identifying City Government Priorities 84

Notes 87

Reference 87

Chapter 4 Governance 89

The Importance of Governance 89

Governance of Energy-Related Issues 89

City-Level and National Energy Programs 92

City Planning 94

Governance Mechanisms 95

Reference 97

Chapter 5 Sustainable Urban Energy and Emissions Planning: The Way Forward 99

City Government Leadership and Commitment to "Green Growth" 101

Energy and Emissions Diagnostics 102

Goal Setting and Project Prioritization 103

Planning 107

Implementation 108

Monitoring and Reporting of Progress 112

The Way Forward 115

Reference 116

Part II Sustainable Urban Energy and Emissions Planning in Three Pilot Cities 117

Chapter 6 Cebu City, the Philippines 119

National Energy Efficiency Strategy 121

City-Level Energy Efficiency Strategy 123

Energy Use and Carbon Emissions Profile 124

Sector Review and Prioritization 127

Recommendations 128

Conclusion 138

Note 138

Chapter 7 Surabaya, Indonesia 139

Energy Efficiency Initiatives 140

Energy Use and Carbon Emissions Profile 143

Sector Review and Prioritization 147

Recommendations 148

Conclusion 155

Notes 156

Chapter 8 Da Nang, Vietnam 157

Energy Efficiency Initiatives 159

Energy Use and Carbon Emissions Profile 161

Sector Review and Prioritization 163

Recommendations 166

Conclusion 176

Note 176

Part III Sustainable Urban Energy and Emissions Planning Guidebook: A Guide for Cities in East Asia and Pacific 177

Chapter 9 Introduction to the Guidebook 179

Introduction 179

Why Engage in the SUEEP Process? 179

About This Guidebook 181

Role of the City and SUEEP Scope 183

SUEEP Process Overview 184

Multiple Levels of Engagement 185

Chapter 10 Stage I: Commitment 187

Step 1 Create a Vision Statement 187

Step 2 Establish Leadership and Organization 190

Step 3 Identify Stakeholders and Links 196

Engaging Internal Support 199

Engaging External Support 200

References 202

Chapter 11 Stage II: Urban Energy and Emissions Diagnostics 205

Step 4 Inventory Energy and Emissions 205

Step 5 Catalog Existing Projects and Initiatives 216

Step 6 Assess Potential Energy and Emissions Projects 220

References 225

Chapter 12 Stage III: Goal Setting 227

Step 7 Make the Case for Sustainable Urban Energy and Emissions Planning (SUEEP) 227

Step 8 Establish Goals 234

Step 9 Prioritize and Select Projects 241

References 254

Chapter 13 Stage IV: Planning 255

Step 10 Draft the Plan 255

Step 11 Finalize and Distribute the Plan 261

References 263

Chapter 14 Stage V: Implementation 265

Step 12 Develop Content for High-Priority Projects 265

Step 13 Improve Policy Environment 270

Step 14 Identify Financing Mechanisms 279

Step 15 Roll Out Projects 292

References 295

Chapter 15 Stage VI: Monitoring and Reporting 297

Step 16 Collect Information on Projects 297

Step 17 Publish Status Report 304

The Beginning 308

References 308

Appendix A Approach and Methodology 311

Energy Balance Study 311

Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Emissions Inventory 312

Analysis Using the TRACE 312

Data Validity 313

Mission Activities 313

Additional Reading 315


5.1 Developing Da Nang: The Environmental City 104

5.2 Elements of an SUEEP Process 107

9.1 Supplementary Information Used in This Guidebook 183

10.1 Example: Examples of Vision Statements 188

10.2 Case Study: Da Nang, Vietnam-The Environmental City 188

10.3 Case Study: North Vancouver, Canada-100 Year Sustainability Vision 189

10.4 Resources: Resources for Creating a Vision 190

10.5 Case Study: The Barcelona Local Energy Agency 192

10.6 Case Study: Singapore Inter-Ministerial Committee on Climate Change 193

10.7 Case Study: Bangkok's Steering Committee for Global Warming 194

10.8 Tip: Characteristics of Inclusive Governance 197

10.9 Tip: Understanding Stakeholders 198

10.10 Case Study: Tshwane, South Africa-Joint Stakeholders Partnership 199

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