Drawing lessons from this provocative comparison, Kimberly Zisk Marten argues that the West's attempts to remake foreign societies in their own imageeven with the best of intentionsinvariably fail. Focusing on operations in Haiti, Bosnia, Kosovo, and East Timor in the mid- to late 1990s, while touching on both post-war Afghanistan and the occupation of Iraq, Enforcing the Peace compares these cases to the colonial activities of Great Britain, France, and the United States at the turn of the twentieth century. The book weaves together examples from these cases, using interviews Marten conducted with military officers and other peacekeeping officials at the UN, NATO, and elsewhere. Rather than trying to control political developments abroad, Marten proposes, a more sensible goal of foreign intervention is to restore basic security to unstable regions threatened by anarchy. The colonial experience shows that military organizations police effectively if political leaders prioritize the task, and the time has come to raise the importance of peacekeeping on the international agenda.
|Publisher:||Columbia University Press|
|Product dimensions:||6.36(w) x 9.28(h) x 0.73(d)|
|Age Range:||18 Years|
About the Author
Table of Contents1. Peace, or Change?
2. Peacekeeping and Control
3. State Interests, Humanitarianism, and Control
4. Political Will and Security
5. Military Tasks and Multilateralism
6. Security as a Step to Peace
What People are Saying About This
This admirably clear and concise volume examines unsentimentally the new generation of complex international peacekeeping operations, concluding that recent experiences in East Timor and Afghanistan could hold lessons for Iraq, the Ivory Coast and other current crises.
Provocative....Others have seen parallels between peacekeeping operations and colonialism, but Marten takes that analogy and develops it to its logical and highly controversial conclusionthat colonialism provides a potential model for success and can rescue complex peacekeeping operations from their steady stream of failures. This is an important and much needed addition to the peacekeeping literature. Although some might view the presumed parallels between colonialism and peacekeeping to be polemical, Marten's coolly reasoned and historically rich arguments should cause even the most dismissive to take a hard look and to wrestle with her policy recommendations.
It used to be that international peacekeeping was simply a matter of policing cease fires. Now, UN peacekeeping is at or near the center of dealing with almost every major conflict, internal or external. Marten's new book should be at the center of our learning and thinking about the facts and the policy process. This is a very important book.
Efforts to maintain international order have long balanced the interests of the powerful against their perceptions of the needs of the powerless. In this sensitive and insightful new book, Kimberly Zisk Marten compares recent nation-building missions with their colonial forebears to argue for modesty in modern efforts at benevolent intervention. Her book is uncomfortable but essential reading for anyone interested in the capacity of external actors to bring peace to troubled lands.