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Engaging Cultural Differences: The Multicultural Challenge in Liberal Democracies
     

Engaging Cultural Differences: The Multicultural Challenge in Liberal Democracies

by Richard A., Shweder, Martha Minow, Hazel Rose Markus
 

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ISBN-10: 0871547953

ISBN-13: 9780871547958

Pub. Date: 12/28/2004

Publisher: Russell Sage Foundation

Liberal democracies are based on principles of inclusion and tolerance. But how does the principle of tolerance work in practice in countries such as Germany, France, India, South Africa, and the United States, where an increasingly wide range of cultural groups holds often contradictory beliefs about appropriate social and family life practices? As these

Overview

Liberal democracies are based on principles of inclusion and tolerance. But how does the principle of tolerance work in practice in countries such as Germany, France, India, South Africa, and the United States, where an increasingly wide range of cultural groups holds often contradictory beliefs about appropriate social and family life practices? As these democracies expand to include peoples of vastly different cultural backgrounds, the limits of tolerance are being tested as never before. Engaging Cultural Differences explores how liberal democracies respond socially and legally to differences in the cultural and religious practices of their minority groups.

Building on such examples, the contributors examine the role of tolerance in practical encounters between state officials and immigrants, and between members of longstanding majority groups and increasing numbers of minority groups. The volume also considers the theoretical implications of expanding the realm of tolerance. Some contributors are reluctant to broaden the scope of tolerance, while others insist that the notion of "tolerance" is itself potentially confining and demeaning and that modern nations should aspire to celebrate cultural differences.

Coming to terms with ethnic diversity and cultural differences has become a major public policy concern in contemporary liberal democracies, as they struggle to adjust to burgeoning immigrant populations. Engaging Cultural Differences provides a compelling examination of the challenges of multiculturalism and reveals a deep understanding of the challenges democracies face as they seek to accommodate their citizens' diverse beliefs and practices.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780871547958
Publisher:
Russell Sage Foundation
Publication date:
12/28/2004
Edition description:
REV
Pages:
499
Product dimensions:
6.63(w) x 9.25(h) x 1.00(d)

Table of Contents

Acknowledgmentsxi
Contributorsxiii
Introduction: Engaging Cultural Differences1
Part IOne Nation, Many Cultures: Contested Practices and Group Status in Liberal Democracies17
Chapter 1Everything You Ever Wanted to Know About Assimilation But Were Afraid to Ask19
Chapter 2Living with Multiculturalism: Universalism and Particularism in an Indian Historical Context43
Chapter 3Legislating Religious Freedom: Muslim Challenges to the Relationship Between Church and State in Germany and France63
Chapter 4Civilizing the Natives: Customary Marriage in Post-Apartheid South Africa81
Chapter 5Immigrants, Agency, and Allegiance: Some Notes from Anthropology and from Law99
Chapter 6Citizenship on Trial: Nadia's Case128
Part IICultural Accommodation and its Limits145
Chapter 7Accommodation and Coherence: in Search of a General Theory for Adjudicating Claims of Faith, Conscience, and Culture147
Chapter 8The Free Exercise of Culture: Some Doubts and Distinctions165
Chapter 9The Culture of Property177
Chapter 10In Defense of Culture in the Courtroom194
Chapter 11"What About Female Genital Mutilation?" and Why Understanding Culture Matters in the First Place216
Chapter 12About Women, About Culture: About Them, About Us252
Part IIIThe Universal Human Rights Debate: Mobilization and Resistance269
Chapter 13Between Nationalism and Feminism: Indigenous Women, Community, and State271
Chapter 14Neither Victim Nor Rebel: Feminism and the Morality of Gender and Family Life in a Hindu Temple Town288
Chapter 15Circumcision Debates and Asylum Cases: Intersecting Arenas, Contested Values, and Tangled Webs309
Chapter 16From Skepticism to Embrace: Human Rights and the American Anthropological Association from 1947 to 1999344
Part IVConceptions of Difference and the Differences They Make363
Chapter 17Cultural Models of Diversity in America: The Psychology of Difference and Inclusion365
Chapter 18The Micropolitics of Identity-Difference: Recognition and Accommodation in Everyday Life396
Chapter 19Plural Society and Interethnic Relations in Guinea-Bissau417
Chapter 20Freedom of Speech and Freedom of Silence: An Analysis of Talking as a Cultural Practice432
Chapter 21Color Blindness as a Barrier to Inclusion: Assimilation and Nonimmigrant Minorities453
Index473

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