One of the few self-named historical movements, the Enlightenment in 18th-century Europe was a powerful intellectual reaction to the dominance of absolutist monarchies and religious authorities. Building upon the discoveries of the Scientific Revolution, Enlightenment thinkersphilosophesset out to improve humanity through reason, knowledge, and experience of the natural world rather than religious doctrine or moral absolutes. Their emphasis on truth through observable phenomena set the standard of thought for the modern age, deeply influencing the areas of government, the modern state, science, technology, religious tolerance and social structure. The Enlightenment's legacy is particularly visible in the United States, where its ideals inspired a revolution and served as the building blocks for the Declaration of Independence and the American Constitution. Narrative chapters, photos, biographical sketches, primary document excerpts, and an extensive bibliography expand the readers' understanding of the event, providing a current perspective on this key turning point in Western ideology.
Comprehensive narrative chapters explore the historical background of the movement, as well as its relationship to nature and natural philosophy, religious belief and church institutions, society and the state, and the French Revolution. Photos, biographical sketches of key figures, excerpts from important primary documents of the time, and an extensive bibliography expand the reader's understanding of the movement that ushered in the modern era.
Related collections and offers
|Series:||Greenwood Guides to Historic Events 1500-1900 Series|
|Sold by:||Barnes & Noble|
|File size:||2 MB|
|Age Range:||14 - 17 Years|
About the Author
Ronald S. Love was Associate Professor of History at the University of West Georgia, Carrollton, GA. His many published works include Maritime Exploration in the Age of Discovery, 1415-1800 (Greenwood 2006) and co-editor of Distant Lands and Diverse Cultures: The French Experience in Asia, 1600-1700 (Praeger 2002).
Table of Contents
Series Foreward by Linda S. Frey and Marsha L. Frey
Chronology of Events
Chapter I Historical Overview: Preliminaries, Principles
Chapter II Science and the Triumph of Reason: Newton,
Locke and a New Philosophy
Chapter III The Philosophes, the Church and Christianity
Chapter IV The Philosophes, Political Thought and Enlightened Despotism
Chapter V The Alternative Vision of Montesquieu and Rousseau
Biographies: Personalities of the Enlightenment
Primary Documents Relating to the Enlightenment
Glossary of Selected Terms