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Entangled Inequalities in Transnational Care Chains: Practices Across the Borders of Peru and Italy

Entangled Inequalities in Transnational Care Chains: Practices Across the Borders of Peru and Italy

by Anna Katharina Skornia


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Based on a multi-sited ethnographic case study on transnational care chains between Milan (Italy) and Lima, Huancayo, and Cuzco (Peru), the book explores how social inequalities are reproduced through the care practices that follow the introduction of Peruvian migrants into home-based elderly care. Anna Katharina Skornia adopts an innovative approach in combining research on transnational care and migration with a perspective on entangled inequalities. In particular, the study sheds light on the role of state regulations in contributing to these inequalities as well as their ambiguous implications from the perspectives of both caregivers and receivers.

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9783837628869
Publication date: 05/15/2015
Series: Global Studies
Pages: 316
Product dimensions: 5.80(w) x 8.90(h) x (d)
Age Range: 18 Years

About the Author

Anna Katharina Skornia completed her doctorate in Sociology from the Freie Universität Berlin. She is a member of the Research Network on Interdependent Inequalities in Latin America ( Her research interests include migration, care, and social inequality from a transnational perspective.

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments 7

1 Introduction 9

2 Conceptualizing Transnational Care Chains 19

2.1 Introduction 19

2.2 Transnational Care Chains and Inequalities: Concepts and Premises 20

2.3 Issues of Analysis and Theoretical Perspectives 41

2.4 Conclusion 52

3 Methodological Framework for the Study of Transnational Care Chains 55

3.1 Introduction 55

3.2 Characteristics and Methods of Multi-sited Ethnographic Research 57

3.3 Fieldwork in Milan, Italy 59

3.4 Fieldwork in Lima, Huancayo, and Cuzco/Urubamba, Peru 69

3.5 Positionalities: My Relationships to Research Informants in Italy and Peru 74

3.6 Considerations about Data Analysis and Presentation of Research Findings 79

4 Peruvian Emigration and the Transnationalization of Care Practices 81

4.1 Introduction 81

4.2 From Internal to International Migration; Peru as a Sending Country 83

4.3 Social, Political, and Economic Context of Emigration and Care Chains in Peru 88

4.4 Conclusion 111

5 Peruvian Migrants in the Sector of Home-Based Elderly Care in Italy 113

5.1 Introduction 113

5.2 The Transnationalization of Elderly Care 115

5.3 Care Arrangements in Employer Households 124

5.4 Conclusion 157

6 The Transnational Care Practices of Peruvian Migrant Women and Men 159

6.1 Introduction 159

6.2 Caring for Children and Parents at a Distance 161

6.3 Renegotiating Care in the Light of Family Migration and New Bonds of Intimacy 186

6.4 Conclusion 199

7 Child and Aged Care in Transnational Households in Peru 201

7.1 Introduction 201

7.2 Characteristics of Households and Family Members Left Behind in Peru 202

7.3 Rearrangements of Child and Aged Care in Peru 204

7.4 Perspectives of Children and Parents Left Behind 219

7.5 Conclusion 240

8 Conclusion 243

Bibliography 257

Appendix 293

Maps of Fieldwork Locations 293

Tables 295

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