Entrepreneurship Education and Training Programs around the World: Dimensions for Success

Entrepreneurship Education and Training Programs around the World: Dimensions for Success


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"Entrepreneurship has attracted global interest for its potential to catalyze economic and social development. Research suggesting that certain entrepreneurial mindsets and skills can be learned has given rise to the field of entrepreneurship education and training (EET). Despite the growth of EET, global knowledge about these programs and their impact remains thin. In response, this study surveys the available literature and program evaluations to propose a Conceptual Framework for understanding the EET program landscape.

The study finds that EET today consists of a heterogeneous mix of programs that can be broken into two groups: entrepreneurship education and entrepreneurship training. These programs target a range of participants: secondary and post-secondary education students, as well as potential and practicing entrepreneurs. The outcomes measured by program evaluations are equally diverse but generally fall under the domains of entrepreneurial mindsets and capabilities, entrepreneurial status, and entrepreneurial performance. The dimensions of EET programs vary according the particular target group. Programs targeting secondary education students focus on the development of foundational skills linked to entrepreneurship, while post-secondary education programs emphasize skills related to strategic business planning. Programs targeting potential entrepreneurs generally are embedded within broader support programs and tend to target vulnerable populations for whom employment alternatives may be limited. While programs serving practicing entrepreneurs focus on strengthening entrepreneurs' knowledge, skills and business practices, which while unlikely to transform an enterprise in the near term, may accrue benefits to entrepreneurs over time.

The study also offers implications for policy and program implementation, emphasizing the importance of clarity about target groups and desired outcomes when making program choices, and sound understanding of extent to which publicly-supported programs offer a broader public good, and compare favorably to policy alternatives for supporting the targeted individuals as well as the overall economic and social objectives."

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781464802027
Publisher: Bernan Distribution
Publication date: 05/06/2014
Series: Directions in Development
Pages: 272
Product dimensions: 6.80(w) x 9.90(h) x 0.90(d)
Age Range: 1 - 17 Years

Table of Contents

Preface ix

Acknowledgments xi

About the Authors xiii

Abbreviations xv

Overview 1

Entrepreneurship Promotion 1

Entrepreneurship Education and Training 1

About the Study 2

Typology for EET Programs 2

Conceptual Framework for EET 3

EET Program Landscape Analysis 5

Implications for EET Program Design and Implementation 8

Implications for Policy 9

Chapter 1 About the Study 11

Motivation 11

Objective 12

Methodology 12

Structure of the Study 15

Audience 15

Note 15

Bibliography 16

Chapter 2 Literature Review 17

On Entrepreneurship 17

On Entrepreneurship Education and Training 20

Implications for Policy 25

Bibliography 26

Chapter 3 Conceptual Framework 33

Types of EET Programs 33

Developing a Conceptual Framework for EET 35

Describing the Framework by Dimension 36

Note 51

Bibliography 51

Chapter 4 EET Program Landscape and Analysis 57

Entrepreneurship Education-Secondary Education Students (EESE] 58

Analyzing EESE Programs 60

Entrepreneurship Education-Higher Education Students (EEHE) 70

Analyzing EEHE Programs 71

Entrepreneurship Training-Potential Entrepreneurs (ETPo) 82

Analyzing ETPo Programs 84

Entrepreneurship Training-Practicing Entrepreneurs (ETPr) 98

Analyzing ETPr Programs 101

Notes 117

Bibliography 118

Chapter 5 Implications for Program Design and Implementation 123

Summary of Findings 123

Implications for Program Design 126

Policy Implications 128

Conclusion 129

Bibliography 130

Appendix A Program Outcomes 133

Appendix B Program Characteristics 137

Note 141

Bibliography 141

Appendix C Moderating Factors 143

Note 144

Bibliography 144

Appendix D Program Narratives 147

Biz World The Netherlands 148

Network for Teaching Entrepreneurship (NFTE) Boston Chapter, United States 152

Bødo Entrepreneurship Program Norway 156

Business Plan Thesis Competition Tunisia 160

McGuire Center for Entrepreneurship Program United States 164

Entrepreneurship Development Centre Bosnia and Herzegovina 169

Economic Empowerment of Adolescent Girls and Young Women Liberia 172

TechnoServe El Salvador 176

RNCA Entrepreneurship Program Peru 180

National Rural Savings Programme Pakistan 184

Intense United States 188

Notes 191

References 192

Appendix E Program Descriptions 195

References 260


3.1 Building Socio-Emotional Skills: BizWorld (the Netherlands) 37

3.2 Improving Entrepreneurial Capabilities: FINCA (Peru) 38

3.3 Becoming Entrepreneurs: Student Training for Promoting Entrepreneurship (Uganda) 39

3.4 Enhancing Firm Performance: Intense (United States) 40

3.5 Political Support through Partnership: Start and Improve Your Business (Vietnam) 42

3.6 The Gender Effect: National Rural Savings Programme (Pakistan) 44

3.7 Entrepreneurial Intentions: Entrepreneurship Development Center (Bosnia and Herzegovina) 46

3.8 Training the Trainers: Network for Teaching Entrepreneurship (United States) 48

3.9 Coaching as Follow-Up: Business Plan Thesis Competition (Tunisia) 49

4.1 Examining the Formation of Human Capital in Entrepreneurship 78

4.2 What Are We Learning from Business Training and Entrepreneurship Evaluations around the Developing World? 86

4.3 Human Capital and Entrepreneurial Success 104

4.4 Effects of Entrepreneurship Training in Developing Countries 105


0.1 Classifying Entrepreneurship Education and Training Programs 3

0.2 Conceptual Framework 4

2.1 Entrepreneurship Versus Business Management Education 22

3.1 Classifying Entrepreneurship Education and Training Programs 34

3.2 Conceptual Framework 35

3.3 Outcome Domains 37

3.4 Contextual Factors 41

3.5 Participant Characteristics 43

3.6 Program Characteristics 47

3.7 Conceptual Framework: Detailed Structure 50

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