This study contributes to filling this gap. It provides an overview of approaches to environmental issues in RTAs and summarises country experiences in their negotiation and practical application. Regional and bilateral trade arrangements are surveyed, including customs unions and free trade agreements. The study is based on the analysis of RTA texts, and on literature examining their actual implementation, as well as on first-hand comments and input from experts from both OECD and non-OECD countries.
The study includes chapters on environmental impact assessment of trade agreements; environmental co-operation; environmental standards and enforcement of environmental laws; procedural guarantees, enforcement and dispute settlement mechanisms; parties' right to adopt or maintain environmental regulations; and opportunities for public participation in the context of RTAs. The study ends with a summary of OECD and non-OECD countries' key experiences with the negotiation and implementation of different types of environmental provisions in RTAs.
FURTHER READING: OECD Trade and Environment Working Papers