Environmental Chemistry of Explosives and Propellant Compounds in Soils and Marine Systems: Distributed Source Characterization and Remedial Technologies

Environmental Chemistry of Explosives and Propellant Compounds in Soils and Marine Systems: Distributed Source Characterization and Remedial Technologies




The purpose of this book is to present the latest knowledge regarding the environmental chemistry and fate of explosive and propellant compounds. This book is largely based on a symposium organized for the 22-25 March 2009 American Chemical Society meetings entitled, "Environmental Distribution, Degradation, and Mobility of Explosive and Propellant Compounds", held in Salt Lake City, UT. The purpose of this symposium was to bring together an international body of government and academic experts to share information regarding the environmental fate of these contaminants, with an emphasis on assessing and/or supporting the environmental sustainability of military training activities. This book is designed to address three main topics with respect to explosive and propellant compounds: (i) new and summary chemistry information regarding the sorption, degradation (abiotic and biotic), mobility, and overall environmental fate of these compounds in soil; (ii) techniques for statistically reliable detection and field-deployable remote sensing of munition constituents, and (iii) technologies for targeted remediation of MC-contaminated soils and sediments.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780841226326
Publisher: American Chemical Society
Publication date: 07/06/2012
Series: ACS Symposium Series , #1069
Pages: 448
Product dimensions: 6.20(w) x 9.00(h) x 1.00(d)

About the Author

Mark Chappell is a Research Physcial Scientist with the U.S. Army Research & Development Center.

Cynthia Price is a Research Physical Scientist with the US Army Corps of Engineers/Environmental Research and Development Center.

Robert George is affiliated with Space and Naval Warfare Systems Center Pacific.

Table of Contents

1. Solid-Phase Considerations for the Environmental Fate of TNT and RDX in Soil
Mark A. Chappell

Environmental Assesments
2. Environmental Assessment of Small Arms Live Firing: Study of Gaseous and Particulate Residues
S. Brochu, I. Poulin, D. Faucher, E. Diaz, and M. R. Walsh
3. Canadian Approach to the Environmental Characterization and Risk Assessment of Military Training
S. Brochu, S. Thiboutot, G. Ampleman, E. Diaz, I. Poulin, and R. Martel
4. The Use of Conventional and Surface Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy to Evaluate Chemistries for the Detection and/or Remediation of Pechlorate in Aqueous Systems
P. A. Mosier-Boss
5. Assessing Sample Processing and Sampling Uncertainty for Energetic Residues on Military Training Ranges: Method 8330B
Marianne E. Walsh, Alan D. Hewitt, Thomas F. Jenkins, Charles A. Ramsey, Michael R. Walsh, Susan R. Bigl, Charles M. Collins, and Mark A. Chappell
6. Energetic Residue Observations for Operational Ranges
J. L. Clausen

Properties, Reactions, and Environmental Fate
7. Dissolution of High Explosives on Range Soils
Susan Taylor, James H. Lever, Jennifer Fadden, Susan R. Bigl, Nancy M. Perron, Kathleen F. Jones, and Bonnie Packer
8. Photolysis of 2,4,6-Trinitrotoluene in Seawater: Effect of Salinity and Nitrate Concentration
Daniel W. O'Sullivan, Jeffrey R. Denzel, and Dianne J. Luning Prak
9. 2,4,6-Trinitrotoluene Mineralization and Incorporation by Natural Bacterial Assemblages in Coastal Ecosystems
Michael T. Montgomery, Thomas J. Boyd, Joseph P. Smith, Shelby E. Walker, and Christopher L. Osburn
10. TNT, RDX, and HMX Association with Organic Fractions of Marine Sediments and Bioavailability Implications
Judith C. Pennington, Guilherme Lotufo, Charolett A. Hayes, Beth Porter, and Robert D. George
11. The Fate of Nitroaromatic (TNT) and Nitramine (RDX and HMX) Explosive Residues in the Presence of Pure Metal Oxides
Thomas A. Douglas, Marianne E. Walsh, Christian J. McGrath, Charles A. Weiss, Jr., Ashley Marie Jaramillo, and Thomas P. Trainor
12. Soil Vadose Zone Chemistry of TNT and RDX Under Water-Saturated Conditions
Mark A. Chappell, Cynthia L. Price, Gerald G. Bourne, Brad A. Pettway, and Beth E. Porter
13. Transport of RDX and TNT from Composition-B Explosive During Simulated Rainfall
Richard A. Price, Michelle Bourne, Cynthia L. Price, Jay Lindsay, and Jim Cole
14. The Contaminant Transport, Transformation, and Fate Sub-Model for Predicting the Site-Specific Behavior of Distributed Sources (Munitions Constituents) on U.S. Army Training and Testing Ranges
Zhonglong Zhang and Billy E. Johnson
15. Fate and Transport of Energetics from Surface Soils to Groundwater
J. L. Clausen and Nic Korte
16. Release Rate and Transport of Munitions Constituents from Breached Shells in Marine Environment
Pei-Fang Wang, Qian Liao, Robert George, and William Wild

Remediation Options and Technologies
17. Degradation Products of TNT after Fenton Oxidation in the Presence of Cyclodextrins
Curt W. Jarand, Kan Chen, Boguslaw Pozniak, Richard B. Cole, Duc-Truc Pham, Stephen F. Lincoln, and Matthew A. Tarr
18. Potential Anaerobic Bioremediation of Perchlorate-Contaminated Soils through Biosolids Applications
Cynthia L. Price, Mark A. Chappell, Brad A. Pettway, and Beth E. Porter
19. Effects of Wildfire and Prescribed Burning on Distributed Particles of Composition-B Explosive on Training Ranges
Richard A. Price and Michelle Bourne
20. Remediation of Surface Soils Contaminated with Energetic Materials by Thermal Processes
Isabelle Poulin
21. Residual Dinitrotoluenes from Open Burning of Gun Propellant
Emmanuela Diaz, Sylvie Brochu, Isabelle Poulin, Dominic Faucher, André Marois, and Annie Gagnon

Editors' Biographies
Author Index
Subject Index

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