Increasingly people in every continent of the world are becoming aware of the grave consequences of the current environmental problems, from climate change to unsustainable agricultural growth durations. These consequences include dangerous, environmentally caused results that affect our health and the health of our children, as well as our social well-being and our very basic rights. This book raises a radical question: Can environmental disasters and land grab crimes, in fact, be seen as crimes against humanity? That approach is defended through a number of present legal documents and through existing and novel arguments. With this in mind, who is responsible for the present situation, and who should be held accountable for both damages and harm towards those parties affected? The main problems concern holding governments (who minimally permit, but often promote many of the practices of legal and natural persons) responsible for initiating and supporting the activities that ensure their economic benefit, which is leading to the present impasse. The authors discuss how such individuals can be held accountable singly and collectively for the harms they impose on all life.