The Joint Research Centre of the European Communities, and in particular the Institute for Systems Engineering and Informatics (ISEI) at Ispra, have weil established competences in risk analysis, uncertainty analysis and statistical data treatment. More recently, work on Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA), particularly on environmental indicators and indices and on a "system engineering approach" to EIA, has started. This approach attempts to move towards "unified" procedures to investigate normal operation and acciclental risks; these are problems concerned within both the EIA Directive 85/337/EEC and the "Seveso" Directive 821501/EEC. In May 1990, a Workshop on "Indicators and Indices for Environmentallmpact Assessment and Risk Analysis" was organized at the JRC, Ispra. The Proceedings of this Workshop (Report EUR 13060 EN, 1990) are a reference document in the fielet This book is based on the papers presented at the Eurocourse EIAl91 held at the JRC, Ispra in the Autumn of 1991. This was the first course on Environmentaiimpact Assessment given in the JRC's Eurocourse series at Ispra. It was a success because of both the high calibre of the lecturers and the weil informed and numerous participants. The work focuses on the broader aspects of EIA, namely: legislation, indicators and indices, approaches and techniques, economic and sociological implications.
Table of ContentsSection 1. Legislation.- The EEC directive on EIA and its implementation in the EC Member States.- The EEC directives on environmental hazards.- The Dutch integral environmental zoning project.- Section 2. EIA Approaches and Techniques.- and phases of an EIA study.- Risk analysis in environmental impact studies.- Environmental impact assessment and risk analysis in Denmark.- Environmental impact assessment in Germany with a special focus on environmental planning in the Ruhr area.- Pollution abatement in oil refineries and inorganic chemical industries.- SILVIA: A decision support system for environmental impact assessment.- Section 3. Environmental Indicators and Indices.- Environmental indicators and measurement scales.- Air quality assessment in environmental impact studies.- Surface water quality indicators.- Soil and ground water quality indicators.- Ecotoxicological risk indicators for environmental chemicals.- Industrial plant risk indices.- Section 4. Economic And Sociological Dimensions Of EIA.- Sustainability, efficiency and equity: project appraisal in economic development strategies.- Sociological aspects of environmental impact assessment.