Environmental Impact of the Offshore Oil and Gas Industry

Environmental Impact of the Offshore Oil and Gas Industry

Pub. Date:
EcoMonitor Publishing


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Environmental Impact of the Offshore Oil and Gas Industry

The book provides more comprehensive materials and discussion on environmental impact of the offshore oil and gas industry than any other single source currently available. Unlike many publications that focus mostly on specific aspects of the problem, this book gives analysis of all main factors of the industry's impact on the marine environment, fish stock and fisheries in shelf waters. It summarizes the world experience in this field providing over 700 references, 69 tables and 87 illustrations. Special attention is given to the environmental levels, behavior and toxicities of oil and gas hydrocarbons and related chemicals and wastes. Based on all presently available information, specific environmental requirements for discharges and seawater quality are substantiated. The book also analyzes strategic principles of environmental management and regulation, including environmental protection and ecological monitoring in relation to the offshore oil and gas activity. This volume, being a single-source reference on the world-wide advances in studies, control and prevention of the industry's impact on the marine environment and living resources, also includes unique data on the environmental aspects of Russian offshore oil and gas developments presented by the leading expert on the problem. Appendix gives the Russian standards of Maximum Permissible Concentrations (MPC) and Approximate Safe Impact Limits (ASIL) for about 200 chemicals used in oil and gas production.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780967183602
Publisher: EcoMonitor Publishing
Publication date: 10/01/1999
Pages: 448
Product dimensions: 6.50(w) x 1.50(h) x 9.50(d)

Table of Contents


1. Present state and trends of developing offshore
   oil and gas resources
1.1. General characteristics and prospects
1.2. Historical and regional aspects
1.3. Oil and gas on the Russian shelf)

2. Anthropogenic impact on the hydrosphere and
    the present state of the marine environment
2.1. Structure and scale of anthropogenic impact
2.2. Marine pollution

3. Factors of the offshore oil and gas industry's impact
    on the marine environment and fishing
3.1. General characteristics
3.2. Geological and geophysical surveys on the shelf
3.3. Drilling and production activities
3.4. Accidental situations
3.5. Impact on the fishing industry
3.6. Decommissioning and abandonment of offshore installations
3.7. Environmental hazard and risk assessment

4. Biogeochemical and ecotoxicological characteristics
   of crude oil and oil hydrocarbons in the marine environment
4.1. Composition and main properties of crude oil and its fractions
4.2. Sources and volumes of input into the World Ocean
4.3. Environmental levels and distribution in the marine ecosystems
4.5. Effects on marine organisms, population, and ecosystems

5. Biogeochemical and ecotoxicological characteristics of
   natural gas in the marine environment
5.1. Sources, composition and biogeochemistry of natural combustible
       gas in the biosphere
5.2. Concentrations and distribution of methane and its homologues in
       the World Ocean
5.3. Methane impact on water organisms and communities
5.4. Toxicological characteristics of gas condensate and gas hydrates
5.5. Levels, thresholds, and zones of biological effects

6. Ecotoxicological characteristics of related chemicals and
   wastes from the offshore oil industry
6.1. Drilling dishcarges
6.2. Produced waters and their components
6.3. Oil spill-control agents

7. Ecological and fisheries implications of offshore oil and gas
7.1. Environmental stress and biological effects
7.2.Ecological situation in areas of offshore oil and gas activity|
7.3.Accidental oil spills
7.4. Chronic contamination and long-term environmental effects
7.5. Biological resources, fisheries, and offshore oil and gas industry

8. Environmental management and regulation of the offshore
    oil and gas industry
8.1. Strategic principles and approaches
8.2. General systems of environmental management, control and regulation
8.3. Environmental requirements;
8.4. Problem of ecological monitoring
8.5. International and national aspects of regulation

General Conclusions

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