Environmental Issues and Waste Management Technologies in the Ceramic and Nuclear Industries IX: Proceedings of the symposium held at the 105th Annual Meeting of The American Ceramic Society, April 27-30, in Nashville, Tennessee, Ceramic Trans / Edition 1 available in Paperback
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In today's world of increasingly stringent environmental regulations, it is critical to identify and adequately address environmental issues in the ceramic industry to ensure success. In addition, ceramics and glasses play a critical role in the nuclear industry. Nuclear fuels and waste forms for low-level and high-level radioactive, mixed, and hazardous wastes are primarily either ceramic of glass. Effective and responsible environmental stewardship is becoming increasingly more important in the world. These proceedings detail the results of the ongoing effort in these areas.
Proceedings of the symposium held at the 105th Annual Meeting of The American Ceramic Society, April 27-30, in Nashville, Tennessee; Ceramic Transactions, Volume 155.
Table of Contents
Ceramics For Waste or Nuclear Applications.Uranium Valences in Perovskite CaTiO3 (E.R. Vance,M.L. Carter, Z. Zhang, K.S. Finnie, S.J. Thomson, B.D. Begg).Iron-Substituted Barium Hollandite Ceramics for CesiumImmobilization (F. Bart, G. Leturcq, H. Rabiller).Hollandite-Rich Titanate Ceramics Prepared by Melting in Air (M.L.Carter, E.R. Vance, H. Li).Hyperfine Interaction Study of Short Range Order in Zircon (H.Jaeger, K. Pletzke, J.M. Hanchar).Scale-Up of Lithium Aluminate Pellet Manufacturing with a FlowablePowder (G. Hollenberg, L. Bagaassen, R. Kurosky, D. Tonn, W.Carty).Melter Processing and Process Monitoring.Laboratory Measurement of Glass Melting Rate (D.F. Bickford).Analysis of Feed Melting Processes (J. Matyas, P. Hrma, D.-S.Kim).Electron Equivalents Redox Model for High Level Waste Vitrification(C.M. Jantzen, D.C. Koopman, C.C. Herman, J.B. Pickett, J.R.Zamecnik).Sulfate Retention during Waste Glass Melting (P. Hrma, J.D. Vienna,W.C. Buchmiller, J.S. Ricklefs).The Characterization and Dissolution of High Level Waste Calcine inAlkali Borosilicate Glass (S. Morgan, P.B. Rose, R.J. Hand, N.C.Hyatt, W.E. Lee, C.R. Scales).Summary of Results from 786-A Minimelter Run with Marcobatch 3(Sludge Batch 2) Baseline Feed Using Frit 320 (M.E. Smith, D.H.Miller).Numerical Models of Waste Glass Melters Part I-Lumped ParameterAnalysis of DWPF (H.N. Guerrero, D.F. Bickford).Numerical Models of Waste Glass Melters Part II-ComputationalModeling of DWPF (H.N. Guerrero, D.F. Bickford, H.Naseri-Neshat).Tailored Electrical Driving as a Means of Controlling HeatDistribution and Convection Patterns in Joule-Heated Waste GlassMelters (J.A. Fort, D.L. Lessor).Effects of Poly(Acrylic Acid) on the Rheological Properties ofAqueous Melter Feed Slurries for Nuclear Waste Vitrification (H.Zhao, I.S. Muller, I.L. Pegg).Frequency Modulated Continuous Wave Monitoring of Refractory Walls(B. Varghese, R. Zoughi, C. DeConink, M. Velez, R. Moore).Combustion Control Experimentations at a Pilot Scale Glass Furnace(S. Keyvan, R.A. Rossow, M. Velez, W.L. Headrick, R.E. Moore, C.Romero).Waste Vitrification Programs.Completion of the Vitrification Campaign at the West ValleyDemonstration Project (R.A. Palmer, H.M. Houston, A.J.Misercola).Review of the French Vitrification Program (R. Do Quang, P.Mougnard, C. Ladirat, A. Prodhomme).Examination of DWPF Melter Materials After 8 Years of Service (D.C.Iverson, K.J. Imrich, D.F. Bickford, J.T. Gee, C.F. Jenkins, F.M.Heckendorn).Testing to Demonstrate Regulatory Compliance of Glass Waste Formsfor Immobilization of Radioactive Wastes at the Hanford Site (D.B.Blumenkranz, S. Kelly, D.J. Swanberg, C.A. Musick).Cold Crucible Induction-Heated Melter Test Results with SurrogateDOE High-Level Wastes (C.C. Herman, D.F. Bickford, D.K. Peeler, R.Goles, J.D. Vienna, A. Aloy, S. Stafanovsky, D. Gombert, J.Richardson).Crucible-Scale Vitrification Studies with Hanford Tank AZ-102 HighSulfate-Containing Low Activity Waste (C.L. Crawford, R.F.Schumacher, D.M. Ferrara, N.E. Bibler).Glass Formulation and Property Models.Preliminary Glass Development and Testing for In-ContainerVitrification of Hanford Low-Activity Waste (J.D. Vienna, D.-S.Kim, M.J. Schweiger, P. Hrma, J. Matyás, J.V. Crum, D.E.Smith).Evaluation of Melt Rate through Higher Waste Loading (T.H. Lorier,P.S. McGrier).Spinel Crystallization in HLW Glass Melts: Cation ExchangeSystematics and the Role of Rh2O3 in SpinelFormation (S. Annamalai, H. Gan, M. Chaudhuri, W.K. Kot, I.L.Pegg).Composition Effects on the Vapor Hydration of Waste Glasses (A.C.Buechele, F. Lofaj, I.S. Muller, C.T.F. Mooers, I.L. Pegg).Glass Composition-TCLP Response Model for Waste Glasses (D.-S. Kim,J.D. Vienna).Alternate Waste Forms and Processes.Iron Phosphate Glass for Immobilization of Hanford LAW (C.W. Kim,D. Zhu, D.E. Day, D.-S. Kim, J.D. Vienna, D.K. Peeler, T.E. Day, T.Neidt).Characterization and Performance of Fluidized Bed Steam Reforming(FBSR) Product as a Final Waste Form (C.M. Jantzen).Microstructure of Emulsion-Based Polymeric Waste Forms forEncapsulating Low-Level, Radioactive and Toxic Metal Wastes (R.Evans, A. Quach, G. Xia, B.J. Zelinski, W.P. Ela, D.P. Birnie III,A.E. Sáez, H.D. Smith, G.L. Smith).Leach Resistance of Encapsulated Salts in Polymeric Waste FormsFabricated Using an Aqueous-Based Route (A. Quach, G. Xia, R.Evans, A.E. Sáez, B.J. Zelinski, H. Smith, G. Smith, D.P.Birnie III, W.P. Ela).Thermal Processing Optimization for Simulated Hanford Waste Glass(AZ 101) (A. Giordana, W.G. Ramsey, T.F. Meaker, B. Kauffman, M.McCarthy, K. Guilbeau, J.D. Smith, F.S. Miller, T. Sanders, E.W.Bohannan, J. Powell, M. Reich, J. Jordan, L. Ventre, R.E. Barletta,A.A. Ramsey, G. Maise, B. Manowitz, M. Steinberg, F.Salzano).Aging Behavior of a Sodalite Based Ceramic Waste Form (J.F. Jue,S.M. Frank, T.P. OHolleran, T.L. Barber, S.G. Johnson, K.M. Goff,W. Sinkler).Process for Selective Removal and Concentration of Actinides andHeavy Metals from Water by B.P. Kiran, A.W. Apblett).