Environmental Vitalism: The Inheritance of Acquired Characteristics

Environmental Vitalism: The Inheritance of Acquired Characteristics

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Overview

Environmental Vitalism: The Inheritance of Acquired Characteristics by Paul Kammerer, Dr Paul Kammerer, Wilmot James

Determined to prove Lamarck's theory of inheritance of acquired characteristics, Paul Kammerer spent a lifetime proving that humans are not merely "slaves of our past," but "captains of our future." Despised by forces who would later become the Nazi Party yet embraced by Soviet scientists, the brunt of Kammerer's scientific work was lost in a maelstrom of political upheaval and accusations of fraud. This treatise expounds on Lamarck's theory of inherited characteristics, placing responsibility not on God, not on government, not on biological determinism, but squarely on every living being: how one responds to one's environment directly affects that environment for future generations. This book serves as both a defense of Kammerer's scientific integrity and as a guide of hope for up-and-coming scientists, historians, and those who are interested in the future of the earth and humankind.

Author Biography: Paul Kammerer was born in Vienna in 1880. While on a lecture circuit in the United States and England, he became a sensation among the science community for his research on Lamarckian inheritance, being hailed by the New York Times as the next Darwin. He committed suicide in 1926 after fellow researchers accused him of forging his results.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780971548237
Publisher: High Sierra Books OR
Publication date: 01/28/2004
Pages: 292
Product dimensions: 5.52(w) x 8.50(h) x 0.88(d)

Table of Contents

Preface13
A.Biological Part
Chapter I.Inherited and Acquired Characteristics25
Chapter II.Slaves of the Past or Captains of the Future?30
Chapter III.The Importance of Breeding Experiments33
Chapter IV.Experiments on Butterflies35
Chapter V.Ways of Changes and Inheritance38
Chapter VI.After-Effect Only or Genuine Inheritance?43
Chapter VII.Experiments on Beetles45
Chapter VIII.Atavisms or New Characteristics?49
Chapter IX.Experiments with the Midwife Toad51
Chapter X.What Are "Hereditary Characteristics"?56
Chapter XI.The Controversy about the Inheritance of Acquired Characteristics58
Chapter XII.Direct Adaptability or Selection?66
Chapter XIII.A Problem Made Insoluble72
Chapter XIV.The Impotency of Selection78
Chapter XV.Experiments on Salamanders: Reproduction88
Chapter XVI.Experiments on Salamanders: Color92
Chapter XVII.Crossing and Grafting Experiments96
Chapter XVIII.Mendelism and Lamarckism Reconciled104
Chapter XIX.Enduring Effect or Number of Generations108
Chapter XX.Objections and Counter-Objections113
Chapter XXI.Corroborations and Confirmations120
Chapter XXII.The Deciding Experiment with Ciona123
Chapter XXIII.Body and Germ Plasm131
Chapter XXIV.Graft-Hybrids137
Chapter XXV.Xenias and Telegony150
Chapter XXVI.Why Mutilations Are Not Hereditary156
Chapter XXVII.The Inheritance of Mutilation Consequences162
Chapter XXVIII.Inheritance Experiments on Plants164
Chapter XXIX.Inheritance Experiments on Protista167
Chapter XXX.Evolution of Higher Beings Through Acquired Characteristics171
Chapter XXXI.Hereditary Degeneration and Hereditary Regeneration174
Chapter XXXII.Progression and Retrogression180
Chapter XXXIII.Acquisitions by the Psyche and Their Inheritance184
Chapter XXXIV.The Inheritance of Diseases and Immunity193
Chapter XXXV.The Inheritance of Alcoholism195
Chapter XXXVI.The Inheritance of Acquired Characteristics in Man199
Chapter XXXVII.Inheritance of the Callosities of the Human Sole201
Chapter XXXVIII.Summary: Facts in Favor of the Inheritance of Acquired Characteristics204
Chapter XXXIX.Summary: Facts Against the Inheritance of Acquired Characteristics221
Chapter XL.The Origin of Species by Means of Direct Adaptation238
Chapter XLI.Where Does Evolution Stand Today?253
Conclusion259
Name Index273
Subject Index277

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