Epidemiology in Medicine / Edition 1

Epidemiology in Medicine / Edition 1

ISBN-10:
0316356360
ISBN-13:
9780316356367
Pub. Date:
08/28/1987
Publisher:
Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780316356367
Publisher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Publication date: 08/28/1987
Edition description: New Edition
Pages: 400
Sales rank: 878,192
Product dimensions: 6.08(w) x 9.00(h) x 0.59(d)

Table of Contents

Foreword xi
Preface xiii
Acknowledgments xv
I. BASIC CONCEPTS
Definition and Background
3(13)
History of Epidemiology
4(4)
Changing Patterns of Mortality
8(2)
Developments in Modern Epidemiology
10(2)
The Unique Contribution of Epidemiology
12(4)
Design Strategies in Epidemiologic Research
16(14)
Descriptive Studies
16(5)
Analytic Epidemiology
21(9)
Statistical Association and Cause-Effect Relationships
30(24)
Evaluation of the Presence of a Valid Statistical Association
31(8)
Judgment of a Cause-Effect Relationship
39(5)
The Evaluation of a Hypothesis: Smoking and Lung Cancer
44(10)
Measures of Disease Frequency and Association
54(47)
Measures of Disease Frequency
54(19)
Prevalence and Incidence
57(9)
Crude, Category-Specific, and Adjusted (Standardized) Rates
66(7)
Measures of Association
73(28)
Presentation of Data
73(4)
Relative Risk
77(5)
Standardized Mortality Ratios
82(5)
Attributable Risk
87(6)
Interpretation of Measures of Association
93(8)
II. TYPES OF EPIDEMIOLOGIC STUDIES
Descriptive Studies
101(31)
Types of Descriptive Studies
101(11)
Correlational Studies
102(4)
Case Reports and Case Series
106(2)
Cross-Sectional Surveys
108(4)
Hypothesis Formulation from Descriptive Studies
112(20)
Case-Control Studies
132(21)
Issues in the Design and Conduct of Case-Control Studies
134(10)
Issues in Analysis
144(1)
Issues in Interpretation
145(8)
Cohort Studies
153(25)
Types of Cohort Studies
154(2)
Issues in the Design and Conduct of Cohort Studies
156(12)
Issues in Analysis
168(1)
Issues in Interpretation
168(10)
Intervention Studies
178(37)
Types of Intervention Studies
179(1)
Unique Problems of Intervention Studies
180(1)
Issues in the Design and Conduct of Clinical Trials
181(15)
Stopping Rules: Decision for Early Termination of a Trial
196(2)
Sample Size Considerations: Statistical Power
198(6)
Issues in Analysis and Interpretation
204(11)
III. DESCRIPTION AND ANALYSIS OF EPIDEMIOLOGIC DATA
Presentation and Summarization of Data
215(28)
Types of Variables
215(3)
Data Presentation
218(11)
Summary Statistics
229(14)
Measures of Central Tendency
231(4)
Measures of Spread or Variability
235(8)
Analysis of Epidemiologic Studies: Evaluating the Role of Chance
243(29)
Inference
243(1)
Hypothesis Testing
244(8)
Estimation: Confidence Intervals
252(6)
Study Design Issues: Sample Size and Power
258(6)
Statistical Overviews
264(8)
Analysis of Epidemiologic Studies: Evaluating the Role of Bias
272(15)
Types of Bias
272(4)
Control of Bias: Study Design
276(6)
Evaluation of the Role of Bias
282(5)
Analysis of Epidemiologic Studies: Evaluating the Role of Confounding
287(40)
The Nature of Confounding
287(6)
Methods to Control Confounding in the Design
293(11)
Methods to Control Confounding in the Analysis
304(23)
IV. EPIDEMIOLOGY IN DISEASE CONTROL
Screening
327(46)
Diseases Appropriate for Screening
328(3)
Screening Tests
331(4)
Evaluation of Screening Programs: Feasibility and Efficacy
335(16)
APPENDIXES
A. Standard Statistical Tables
351(5)
B. Selection of an Appropriate Test of Statistical Significance
356(4)
C. Answers to Study Questions
360(13)
Index 373

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