Epistemology: A Contemporary Introduction to the Theory of Knowledge / Edition 3

Epistemology: A Contemporary Introduction to the Theory of Knowledge / Edition 3

by Robert Audi
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ISBN-10:
041587923X
ISBN-13:
9780415879231
Pub. Date:
08/20/2010
Publisher:
Taylor & Francis
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Overview

Epistemology: A Contemporary Introduction to the Theory of Knowledge / Edition 3

Epistemology, or “the theory of knowledge,” is concerned with how we know what we know, what justifies us in believing what we believe, and what standards of evidence we should use in seeking truths about the world and human experience. This comprehensive introduction to the field of epistemology explains the concepts and theories central to understanding knowledge. Along with covering the traditional topics of the discipline in detail, Epistemology explores emerging areas of research. The third edition features new sections on such topics as the nature of intuition, the skeptical challenge of rational disagreement, and “the value problem” – the range of questions concerning why knowledge and justified true belief have value beyond that of merely true belief. Updated and expanded, Epistemology remains a superb introduction to one of the most fundamental fields of philosophy.

Special features of the third edition of Epistemology include:

  • a comprehensive survey of basic concepts, major theories, and emerging research in the field
  • enhanced treatment of key topics such as contextualism, perception (including perceptual content), scientific hypotheses, self-evidence and the a priori, testimony, understanding, and virtue epistemology
  • expanded discussion of the relation between epistemology and related fields, especially philosophy of mind, philosophy of science, and ethics
  • increased clarity and ease of understanding for an undergraduate audience
  • an updated list of key literature and annotated bibliography.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780415879231
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Publication date: 08/20/2010
Series: Routledge Contemporary Introductions to Philosophy Series
Edition description: New Edition
Pages: 432
Product dimensions: 6.10(w) x 9.20(h) x 1.00(d)

Table of Contents

Preface and Acknowledgements
Introduction
Part One: Sources of Justification, Knowledge, and Truth
Chapter 1: Perception
The Elements and Basic Kinds of Perception
Seeing and Believing
Some Commonsense Views of Perception
The Theory of Appearing
Sense-Datum Theories of Perception
Adverbial Theories of Perception
Adverbial and Sense-Datum Theories of Sensory Experience
Phenomenalism
Perception and the Senses
Chapter 2: Memory
Memory and the Past
The Casual Basis of Memory Beliefs
Theories of Memory
Remembering, Recalling, and Imaging
Remembering, Imaging, and Recognition
The Epistemological Centrality of Memory
Memorial Justification and Memorial Knowledge
Chapter 3: Consciousness
Two Basic Kinds of Mental Properties
Introspection and Inward Vision
Some Theories of Introspective Consciousness
The Analogy Between Introspection and Ordinary Perception
Consciousness and Privileged Access
Introspective Consciousness as a Source of Justification and Knowledge
Chapter 4: Reason
Self-Evident Truths of Reason
The Classical View of the Truths of Reason
The Empiricist View of the Truths of Reason
The Conventionalist View of the Truths of Reason
Some Difficulties and Strengths of the Classical View
Reason, Experience, and A Priori Justification
Chapter 5: Testimony
The Nature of Testimony: Formal and Informal
The Psychology of Testimony
The Epistemology of Testimony
The Indispensability of Testimonial Grounds
Part Two: The Structure and Growth of Justification and Knowledge
Chapter 6: Inference and the Extension of Knowledge
The Process, Content, and Structure of Inference
Inference and the Growth of Knowledge
Source Conditions and Transmission Conditions for Inferential Knowledge and Justification
The Inferential Transmission of Justification and Knowledge
Memorial Preservation of Inferential Justification and Knowledge
Chapter 7: The Architecture of Knowledge
Inferential Chains and the Structure of Belief
The Epistemic Regress Problem
The Epistemic Regress Argument
Foundationalism and Coherentism
Holistic Coherentism
The Nature of Coherence
Coherence, Reason, and Experience
Coherence and Second-Order Justification
Moderate Foundationalism
Part Three: The Nature and Scope of Justification and Knowledge
Chapter 8: The Analysis of Knowledge
Knowledge and Justified True Belief
Knowledge as the Right Kind of Justified True Belief
Naturalistic Accounts of the Concept of Knowledge
Problems for Reliability Theories
Knowledge and Justification
Internalism and Externalism in Epistemology
Justification and Truth
Concluding Proposals
Chapter 9: Scientific, Moral, and Religious Knowledge
Scientific Knowledge
Moral Knowledge
Religious Knowledge
Chapter 10: Skepticism
The Possibility of Pervasive Error
Skepticism Generalized
The Egocentric Predicament
Fallibility
Uncertainty
Deductability, Evidential Transmission, and Induction
The Authority of Knowledge and the Cogency of Its Grounds
Refutation and Rebuttal
Prospects for a Positive Defense of Common Sense
Skepticism and Common Sense
Conclusion
Bibliography
Index

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Epistemology: A Contemporary Introduction to the Theory of Knowledge 4 out of 5 based on 0 ratings. 1 reviews.
A_Sloan More than 1 year ago
Intro to the theory of knowledge for the philosophically minded If you've never heard of epistemology (the theory of knowledge), then Robert Audi's Epistemology: A Contemporary Introduction to the Theory of Knowledge is not the place you would want to start your learning journey. If, however, you have studied the basics of philosophy, then this book is the very best introduction to epistemology that you will find. Audi, a professor of philosophy at Notre Dame, is a leading figure in this field who I discovered in Reasoned Faith: Essays in Philosophical Theology in Honor of Norman Kretzmann. In this book, Epistemology, he has carefully crafted a comprehensive introduction that is well-researched, well-organized, and presented in a way that is both informative and engaging. Rather than simply discuss topics such as perception and skepticism, he puts readers in the thick of it by posing questions, providing clear illustrations, and suggesting real-life scenarios that inspire further contemplation. Epistemology is arranged in a way that flows freely from one idea to the next and does fall victim to running off course, as similar books tend to do. Audi remains focused on "the body of concepts, theories, and problems central in understanding knowledge and justification". If you've ever wondered why we believe what we believe, this is the book for you.