Pub. Date:
Taylor & Francis
Essential Criminology / Edition 1

Essential Criminology / Edition 1

by Mark M Lanier, Stuart Henry


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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780813331379
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Publication date: 12/28/1997
Edition description: Older Edition
Pages: 368
Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 1.01(d)
Lexile: 1500L (what's this?)

About the Author

Mark M. Lanier is Associate Professor of Criminal Justice at the University of Central Florida. He holds an interdisciplinary doctoral degree from Michigan State University with (1993). He taught at Eastern Michigan University from 1994-95. He has published numerous articles in a variety of disciplinary journals including public health, criminal justice, criminology, law and psychology. His funded research is on youth and HIV/AIDS and community policing. He was awarded Distinguished Researcher of the Year from the College of Health and Public Affairs at the University of Central Florida in 1997. He co-authored (with Stuart Henry) Essential Criminology (1998; 2004) and co-edited (with Stuart Henry) What is Crime? (2001). Stuart Henry is Professor of Social Science and Chair of the Department of Interdisciplinary Studies in the College of Urban, Labor and Metropolitan Affairs at Wayne State University. Dr. Henry's research focuses on issues of crime, deviance and social control. He has 21 books published, including Criminological Theory (with Werner Einstadter, 1995) and Constitutive Criminology (with Dragan Milovanovic, 1996). His most recent books include: What is Crime? (with Mark Lanier, 2001) and Essential Criminology 2nd edition (with Mark Lanier, 2004). He serves on the editorial boards of Theoretical Criminology and Critical Criminology. He is also member of the Board of Directors of the Association of Integrative Studies.

Table of Contents

List of Tables and Figures ix

Preface and Acknowledgments xi

1 What Is Criminology? The Study of Crime, Criminals, and Victims in a Global Context 1

Globalization 2

What Is Criminology? 16

What Is Victimology? 19

Summary 20

2 What Is Crime? Defining the Problem 22

Legal Definition 25

Consensus and Conflict Approaches 31

Hagan's Pyramid of Crime 37

Crime Prism 43

Application of the Prism to the Problem of School Violence 46

Crimes of the Powerless 56

Crimes of the Powerful 58

Summary 59

Notes 59

3 Classical, Neoclassical, and Rational Choice Theories 60

The Preclassical Era 62

The Classical Reaction 64

Neoclassical Revisions 69

Criminal Justice Implications: The Move to "Justice" Theory 70

Redefining Rational Choice: Situational Factors and Routine Activities Theory 80

Conceptual and Empirical Limitations: What the Research Shows 82

Summary and Conclusion 92

Summary Chart: Classical, Rational Choice, and Routine Activities Theories 93

4 "Born to Be Bad": Biological, Physiological, and Biosocial Theories of Crime 95

Biological and Positivistic Assumptions 97

The Born Criminal 99

Early U.S. Family-Type and Body-Type Theories 102

Contemporary Biological Perspectives 104

Biosocial Criminology: A Developmental Explanation of Crime 108

Conceptual and Empirical Limitations 119

Criminal Justice Policy Implications 119

Summary and Conclusion 122

Summary Chart: Biological Theory 123

5 Criminal Minds: Psychiatric and Psychological Explanations for Crime 125

From Sick Minds to Abnormal Behavior 128

Shared Psychological Assumptions 129

The Psychoanalytic Approach 130

Trait-Based PersonalityTheories 136

Behavioral, Situational, and Social Learning and Modeling Theories 143

Cognitive Theories 146

Ecological Psychology 150

Evolutionary Psychology 151

Summary and Conclusion 154

Summary Chart: Psychological Theories of Crime 155

Notes 157

6 Learning Criminal Behavior: Social Process Theories 158

Common Themes and Different Assumptions 165

Sutherland's Differential Association Theory 167

Cognitive Social Learning Theory 173

Neutralization Theory: Learning Rationalizations as Motives 175

Summary and Conclusion 187

Summary Chart: Social Process Theories 187

7 Failed Socialization: Control Theory, Social Bonds, and Labeling 190

Control Theory: Learning Not to Commit Crime 192

Labeling Theory: A Special Case of Failed Socialization? 205

Summary and Conclusion 218

Summary Chart: Control Theory and Labeling Theory 219

8 Crimes of Place: Social Ecology and Cultural Theories of Crime 222

The Historical Roots of Social Ecology Theory 224

Common Themes and Assumptions 225

The Chicago School 227

The New Social Ecology Theories 233

Cultural Theories of Crime and Deviance 240

Summary and Conclusion 248

Summary Chart: Social Ecology Theory and Culture Conflict Theory 249

9 The Sick Society: Anomie, Strain, and Subcultural Theory 252

Common Themes and Assumptions 255

Founders of Anomie and Strain Theory 258

Recent Revisions to Anomie and Strain Theory 274

Summary and Conclusion 284

Summary Chart: Anomie and Strain Theory 285

Notes 287

10 Capitalism as a Criminogenic Society: Conflict and Radical Theories of Crime 289

Common Themes and Assumptions and Some Key Differences 294

The Roots of Conflict Criminology 296

Contemporary Conflict Criminology 300

The Roots of Radical Theory: Marx's Analysis of Capitalist Society 308

Contemporary Radical Criminology 313

Central Themes and Assumptions 313

Summary and Conclusion 321

Summary Chart: Conflict Theory and Radical Theory 321

11 Patriarchy, Gender, and Crime: Feminist Criminological Theory 323

Common Themes and Assumptions 325

Liberal Feminism 332

Radical Feminism 336

Marxist Feminism 339

Socialist Feminism 341

Gendered Theory 345

Epistemological Issues and Postmodern Feminism 347

Summary and Conclusion 348

Summary Chart: Feminist Theory 349

12 New Directions in Criminological Theory 351

Critical Criminologies 351

Anarchism, Abolitionism, Peacemaking, and Restorative Justice 371

Integrative Criminologies 382

Reciprocal-Interactive Integrative Criminology 391

Conclusion 394

Summary Chart 395

Notes 397

References 399

Index 475

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