Essential Logic: Basic Reasoning Skills for the Twenty-First Century / Edition 1 available in Paperback
Essential Logic offers:
· Readability. A dialogue-like yet challenging style makes this introductory logic textbook engaging and interesting.
· Essentials. Deductive and inductive reasoning, formal and informal logic are placed within a philosophical perspective.
· Rigor. A careful sequence of learning steps communicates the essential skills of reasoning and directs students to write, support, and argue by connecting criticism to key concepts.
· Relevance. Explanations and examples take students' lives into consideration and are designed for students with diverse backgrounds and a wide range of experiences.
· A Theme. Traditional concepts are integrated with a discussion of modern technological issues and the world view of modern science. A unique chapter on Logic and Hope addresses questions students often ask and suggests a global perspective.
· Controversy. Students are encouraged to defend and critique positionsincluding those presented by the author. A unique final chapter on Fuzzy Logic is framed as a debate between Western and Eastern philosophy.
· Exercises. Students gain confidence in recognizing arguments, structuring them into premises and conclusions, identifying and critiquing informal fallacies, while learning to create, follow, and appreciate symbolic reasoning trails.
· Coverage. Chapters cover Argument Recognition and Language Analysis, Inductive Reasoning, Structuring Informal Fallacies, Symbolic Translation, Truth Tables, Formal Proofs of Validity, Quantification, and the basics of Fuzzy Set Theory and Propositional Logic.
|Publisher:||Oxford University Press, USA|
|Series:||Basic Reasoning Skills for the Twenty-First Century|
|Edition description:||New Edition|
|Product dimensions:||9.20(w) x 7.50(h) x 0.90(d)|
Table of Contents
Chapter 1 - Why Study Logic
Logic as a Defensive Tool
Valid, Invalid, and Sound Arguments
Logic and Belief Testing
Chapter 2 - Arguments and Language
Other Uses of Language
Meaning and Clarification
What is Truth?
Chapter 3 - Inductive Reasoning and Reasonable Beliefs
Deduction and Induction
Induction and Reliable Beliefs
Induction: A Case Study
Logic and Creativity
Chapter 4 - Informal Fallacies I
The Value of Abstraction
Fallacies of Relevance
Appeal to Popularity
Appeal to Authority
Appeal to Loyalty
Two Wrongs Make a Right
Ad Hominem Abusive and Circumstantial
Chapter 5 - Informal Fallacies II
Fallacies of Questionable Premise
Fallacies of Weak Induction
Appeal to Ignorance
Fallacies of Presumption
Begging the Question
Chapter 6 - Logic and Hope
Chapter 7 - Symbolic Translation
Usage Dictionary of Logical Connectives
Complex Translations, the Use of Parentheses, and Arguments
Chapter 8 - Bit Brains Logical Connectives, and Truth Tables
Symbolic Pictures of Logical Connectives: And, Or, and Not
Logical Connectives Continued: If . . . then . . . and If and only if
Short Cuts and Human Learning
Truth Tables, Validity, and Logical Pictures
Argument Forms and Variables
Brief Truth Tables
Chapter 9 - Symbolic Trails and Formal Proofs of Validity
Constructing Formal Proofs of Validity
Step 1: Recognizing Forms: Copi's "Nine" Rules of Inference
Step 1 Exercises
Strategies for Pattern Recognition
Step 2: Justifying Reasoning Trails with the Rules of Inference
Step 2 Exercises
Step 3: On Your Own, Constructing Formal Proofs with the Rules of Inference
Step 3 Exercises
Translations and Formal Proofs
Chapter 10 - Symbolic Trails and Formal Proofs of Validity, Part 2
The Nineteen Rules
Step 4: Rules of Replacement Exercises
Strategies for Pattern Recognition Revisited
Step 5 Exercises
Direction, Strategies, and Working Backward
Step 6 Exercises
Brief Truth Tables Revisited and Decision Strategies
Translation and Formal Proof Exercises
Chapter 11 - Other Logical Tools: Syllogisms and Quantification
Syllogisms and Quantification Logic
Proving Validity in Quantification Logic
The Square of Opposition and Change of Quantifier Rules
Chapter 12 - Frontiers of LogicFuzzy Logic: Can Aristotle and Buddha Get Along?
Bivalent Logic and Paradoxes
Fuzzy Interpretations and Degrees of Truth
Fuzzy Conditionals and Fuzzy Validity
Resolution of Paradoxes and Implications
Philosophy: What about reality?