I. THE PROFESSION OF TEACHING.
Viewing Education Through Professional Lenses.
1. Teaching as a Profession.
Education Headlines: No Crisis, But Trouble on the Way.
Teaching as a Profession.
Debate: Should Nationally Certified Teachers Be Paid More?
Professional Dilemma: Who Is Cheating Now?
Relevant Research: Making Meaning of the Portfolio.
Global Perspective: Education International.
Challenges Affecting Teachers.
Beginning and Continuing a Teaching Career.
II. SCHOOL AND SOCIETY.
Viewing Education through Sociological Lenses.
2. Diversity in Society.
Education Headlines: Little Newcomers in a Strange Land.
Culture and Society.
Diversity and Education.
Ethnicity and Race.
Relevant Research: Development of Racial and Gender Identity.
Global Perspective: Poverty, Illiteracy, and School Attendance in China.
Professional Dilemma: Communicating with Parents of English Language Learners.
Debate: Are Too Many Kids Labeled Gifted?
3. Education That Is Multicultural.
Education Headlines: Internet at School Is Changing Work of Students-and Teachers.
Global Perspectives: Antiracist and Multicultural Education.
Culture of the School.
Culturally Relevant Teaching.
Debate: Should We Correct Students' Grammar All the Time, Every Time?
Relevant Research: Boys and Girls in Performance-Based Science Classrooms.
Teachers as Social Activists.
Professional Dilemma: Harassment in Schools.
III. GOVERNANCE AND SUPPORT OF AMERICAN EDUCATION.
Viewing Education through Organizational Lenses.
4. Organizing and Paying for American Education.
Education Headlines: Study: School Choice Popular; Academic Results Are Unclear.
The Structure of the American Education System.
The Financing of Education: Sources of Funds and The Move from Equity to Adequacy.
Relevant Research: Reform of School Finance in Michigan.
Debate: Has Student Fundraising Gone Too Far?
Global Perspectives: International Comparisons in Spending for Schools.
IV. HISTORICAL FOUNDATIONS OF EDUCATION.
Viewing Education through Historical Lenses.
5. The Role of Education in the Developing Nation.
Education Headlines: Why Study History?
Providing Education in the New World.
Global Perspectives: Educational Transplantation from Europe.
Relevant Research: Critiquing Historical Sources.
Global Perspectives: European Beginnings of Teacher Training.
Debate: Should NEA Affiliates Help Get Rid of Bad Teachers?
Education for Special Populations.
Global Perspectives: Maria Montessori.
Professional Dilemma: Can a Teacher Both Defend and Criticize Past and Present Schools?
6. Using Recent History to Improve Student Learning.
Education Headlines: Is History Knowable?
More Students and Bigger Schools.
Debate: Should Seat Belts Be Mandatory on School Buses?
Relevant Research: Student Homework.
A Developing Profession.
Global Perspectives: Jean Piaget.
Professional Dilemma: How Can the Busy Teacher Keep Up with Historical and Contemporary Research?
Global Perspectives: Educators' Worldwide Responsibility.
V. PHILOSOPHICAL FOUNDATIONS OF EDUCATION.
Viewing Education through Philosophical Lenses.
7. Educational Theory in American Schools: Philosophy in Action.
Education Headlines: A Wake Up Call.
Authoritarian Educational Theories.
Debate: Should Today's Education Be Relevant to Tomorrow's Job Market?
Nonauthoritarian Educational Theories.
Professional Dilemma: Homogeneous or Heterogeneous Ability Grouping?
Relevant Research: Developing Authentic Assessments.
Global Perspectives: Looking Beyond the Boundaries.
8. Building an Educational Philosophy.
Education Headlines: Authors Add Character to Curriculum.
Using Philosophy in the Classroom.
Debate: Is Environmental Education Scaring Our Kids to Death?
Relevant Research: The Three C's of Safe Schools: Cooperation, Conflict Resolution, and Civic.
Professional Dilemma: Should You Use Authentic Assessment to Grade Students?
Using Philosophy Beyond the Classroom.
Global Perspectives: The World as Classroom.
VI. STUDENT PROGRAMS, TEACHER PRACTICES, AND STANDARDS-BASED EDUCATION AND ASSESSMENT.
Viewing Education through Program Development Lenses.
9. Designing Programs for Learners.
Education Headlines: Charter Schools Working Together.
Types of Curriculum Design.
Students Served by the Curriculum.
Purposes of Curriculum.
Alternative Curriculum Programs.
Debate: Are Charter Schools Eroding Support for Public Schools?
Relevant Research: Do Magnet Schools Boost Achievement?
Global Perspectives: Schools of Reconciliation in Northern Ireland.
Professional Dilemma: “I've Been There, Seen That, Done That Before”.
10. Standards-Based Education and Assessment.
Education Headlines: High Stakes Testing: They're Here and They're Not Going Away.
Global Perspectives: Australia Is Exploring a New Approach to Education Reform.
The Changing Face of Assessment.
Relevant Research: A Case Study of Alternative Assessment: Student, Teacher, and Observer Perceptions in a Ninth Grade Biology Classroom.
Professional Dilemma: What Is the Proper Way to Prepare for High Stakes, State-Mandated Tests?
Bringing Standards to the Classroom: A True Story.
Epilogue: Education in the 21st Century.