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Essentials of Human Anatomy and Physiology

Essentials of Human Anatomy and Physiology

by Elaine Nicpon Marieb


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Elaine Marieb's clear and friendly writing style emphasizes the relevance of anatomy and physiology to students' lives and careers. It clarifies concepts, defines key terms, and offers just the right balance of anatomy, physiology, and clinical coverage to make the content complete without being overwhelming. The Human Body: An Orientation, Basic Chemistry, Cells and Tissues, Skin and Body Membranes, The Skeletal System, The Muscular System, The Nervous System, Special Senses, The Endocrine System, Blood, The Cardiovascular System, The Lymphatic System and Body Defenses, The Respiratory System, The Digestive System and Body Metabolism, The Urinary System,The Reproductive System. For those interested in learning the essentials of Human Anatomy and Physiology

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780201586770
Publisher: Addison-Wesley
Publication date: 07/01/1999
Edition description: 6TH BK&CD
Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 1.25(h) x 9.00(d)

About the Author

For Elaine N. Marieb, taking the student's perspective into account has always been an integral part of her teaching style. Dr. Marieb began her teaching career at Springfield College, where she taught anatomy and physiology to physical education majors. She then joined the faculty of the Biological Science Division of Holyoke Community College after receiving her Ph.D. in zoology from the University of Massachusetts at Amherst.

While teaching at Holyoke Community College, where many of her students were pursuing nursing degrees, she developed a desire to better understand the relationship between the scientific study of the human body and the clinical aspects of the nursing practice. To that end, while continuing to teach full time, Dr. Marieb pursued her nursing education, which culminated in a Master of Science degree with a clinical specialization in gerontology from the University of Massachusetts. It is this experience, along with stories from the field—including those of former students, now in health careers—that has informed the development of the unique perspective and accessibility for which her texts and laboratory manuals are known.

In her ongoing commitment to students and her realization of the challenges they face, Dr. Marieb has given generously to provide opportunities for students to further their education. She contributes to the New Directions, New Careers Program at Holyoke Community College by providing several full-tuition scholarships each year for women returning to college after a hiatus or who are attending college for the first time and would otherwise be unable to continue with their studies without financial support. She funds the E. N. Marieb Science Research Awards at Mount Holyoke College, which promotes research by undergraduate science majors, and generously contributed to the University of Massachusetts at Amherst where she provided funding for reconstruction and instrumentation of a cutting-edge cytology research laboratory that bears her name.

In 1994, Dr. Marieb received the Benefactor Award from the National Council for Resource Development, American Association of Community Colleges, which recognizes her ongoing sponsorship of student scholarships, faculty teaching awards, and other academic contributions to Holyoke Community College. In May 2000, the science building at Holyoke Community College was named in her honor.

Additionally, while actively engaged as an author, Dr. Marieb serves as a consultant for the Benjamin Cummings Interactive Physiology¨ CD-ROM series, and is an active member of the Human Anatomy and Physiology Society (HAPS), the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS), and Sigma Xi. Anatomy & Physiology, Second Edition is the latest expression of her commitment to student needs in their pursuit of the study of A&P.

Table of Contents

1The Human Body: An Orientation1
An Overview of Anatomy and Physiology2
Levels of Structural Organization2
Maintaining Life7
The Language of Anatomy11
2Basic Chemistry21
Concepts of Matter and Energy22
Composition of Matter23
Molecules and Compounds27
Chemical Bonds and Chemical Reactions30
Biochemistry: The Chemical Composition of Living Matter36
3Cells and Tissues55
Part 1Cells56
Overview of the Cellular Basis of Life56
Anatomy of a Generalized Cell56
Cell Physiology66
Part 2Body Tissues77
Epithelial Tissue78
Connective Tissue81
Muscle Tissue85
Nervous Tissue86
Tissue Repair (Wound Healing)86
Developmental Aspects of Cells and Tissues87
4Skin and Body Membranes95
Classification of Body Membranes96
Integumentary System (Skin)98
Developmental Aspects of Skin and Body Membranes111
5The Skeletal System116
Bones: An Overview116
Axial Skeleton124
Appendicular Skeleton138
Developmental Aspects of the Skeleton153
6The Muscular System161
Overview of Muscle Tissues162
Microscopic Anatomy of Skeletal Muscle166
Skeletal Muscle Activity168
Muscle Movements, Types, and Names175
Gross Anatomy of Skeletal Muscles181
Developmental Aspects of the Muscular System194
7The Nervous System201
Organization of the Nervous System203
Nervous Tissue: Structure and Function204
Central Nervous System215
Peripheral Nervous System229
Developmental Aspects of the Nervous System243
8Special Senses251
The Eye and Vision252
The Ear: Hearing and Balance264
Chemical Senses: Taste and Smell270
Developmental Aspects of the Special Senses273
9The Endocrine System279
The Endocrine System and Hormone Function--An Overview280
The Major Endocrine Organs283
Other Hormone-Producing Tissues and Organs300
Developmental Aspects of the Endocrine System300
Composition and Functions of Blood308
Blood Groups and Transfusions318
Developmental Aspects of Blood321
11The Cardiovascular System327
Cardiovascular System: The Heart328
Cardiovascular System: Blood Vessels339
Developmental Aspects of the Cardiovascular System360
12The Lymphatic System and Body Defenses367
Lymphatic System368
Lymphatic Vessels368
Lymph Nodes369
Other Lymphoid Organs371
Body Defenses372
Nonspecific Body Defenses373
Specific Body Defenses: The Immune System377
Developmental Aspects of the Lymphatic System and Body Defenses396
13The Respiratory System403
Functional Anatomy of the Respiratory System404
Respiratory Physiology411
Respiratory Disorders422
Developmental Aspects of the Respiratory System424
14The Digestive System and Body Metabolism431
Part IAnatomy and Physiology of the Digestive System432
Anatomy of the Digestive System432
Functions of the Digestive System445
Part IINutrition and Metabolism456
Developmental Aspects of the Digestive System and Metabolism468
15The Urinary System479
Ureters, Urinary Bladder, and Urethra489
Fluid, Electrolyte, and Acid-Base Balance491
Developmental Aspects of the Urinary System497
16The Reproductive System503
Anatomy of the Male Reproductive System504
Male Reproductive Functions508
Anatomy of the Female Reproductive System511
Female Reproductive Functions and Cycles516
Mammary Glands520
Survey of Pregnancy and Embryonic Development522
Developmental Aspects of the Reproductive System529
Appendix AWord Roots, Prefixes, and Suffixes539
Appendix BPeriodic Table of the Elements542
Appendix CKey Information about Vitamins and Many Essential Minerals543
Appendix DA.D.A.M. Correlations545
Photography and Art Credits551

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