The ESV Gospel Transformation Study Bible features 375,000+ words of gospel-centered study notes, book introductions, and articles that explain passage-by-passage how God’s redemptive purposes culminate in the gospel and apply to the lives of believers today.
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About the Author
Paul F. M. Zahl (DTheol, University of Tuebingen) is a retired Episcopal minister and dean/president emeritus of Trinity Episcopal School for Ministry. He is the author of Grace in Practice.
L. Michael Morales (PhD, University of Bristol) is professor of biblical studies at Greenville Presbyterian Theological Seminary and the author of several books, including Who Shall Ascend the Mountain of the Lord?
V. Philips Long (PhD, Cambridge University) is professor of Old Testament at Regent College. He is the author of many books and commentaries and an ordained teaching elder in the PCA.
Frank Thielman (PhD, Duke University) is Presbyterian Chair of Divinity and professor of New Testament at Beeson Divinity School. He is also an ordained Presbyterian (PCA) minister and the author of many books and commentaries.
Ian K. Smith is the principal of Christ College, Sydney, where he also teaches Greek and New Testament. He has also served in parish ministry and as a missionary in the Pacific island nation of Vanuatu. He speaks regularly at churches, conferences, and other venues.
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Genesis 1 Genesis 2 Genesis 3 Genesis 4 Genesis 5 Genesis 6 Genesis 7 Genesis 8 Genesis 9 Genesis 10 Genesis 11 Genesis 12 Genesis 13 Genesis 14 Genesis 15 Genesis 16 Genesis 17 Genesis 18 Genesis 19 Genesis 20 Genesis 21 Genesis 22 Genesis 23 Genesis 24 Genesis 25 Genesis 26 Genesis 27 Genesis 28 Genesis 29 Genesis 30 Genesis 31 Genesis 32 Genesis 33 Genesis 34 Genesis 35 Genesis 36 Genesis 37 Genesis 38 Genesis 39 Genesis 40 Genesis 41 Genesis 42 Genesis 43 Genesis 44 Genesis 45 Genesis 46 Genesis 47 Genesis 48 Genesis 49 Genesis 50
Introduction to Genesis Author and Date Audience The Gospel in Genesis Outline Study Notes
Introduction to Genesis
AUTHOR AND DATE
The book of Genesis is the first book of the Pentateuch (Genesis–Deuteronomy). It gives the foundation stories of God's relation to the world, to the patriarchs, and to Israel. The name of Moses has been closely associated with the Pentateuch. He led Israel out of Egypt and was God's faithful servant. His ministry has been variously dated from 1500 to 1300 BC.
Genesis narrates for Israel the story of people who walked with the Lord (Enoch, Noah, Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, and Joseph) to encourage their descendants to break away from their resistant and recurring hardness of heart. The author intends the reader of the Pentateuch to connect the foundation stories (exile from Eden, human wickedness, and God's unfolding promises of grace) with Israel's new opportunity (of entering the land, despite Israel's rebelliousness, and through God's unfailing faithfulness to his promises). Genesis identifies the promises and path to life that must be understood and followed in order for the people of God to fulfill their calling as it is described and prescribed in Moses' later books (e.g., Deut. 30:19–20) and, indeed, the rest of Scripture.
THE GOSPEL IN GENESIS
The foundation stories of Genesis set the stage of the drama of Scripture in many ways. First, the Creator is the King over all of his creation. He has made everything well and has chosen humans to be his image-bearers on earth. They were created to live in glad relationship with their heavenly Father.
Second, sin entered the world and took away human freedom — through the consequences and dominion of evil. Sin, alienation, and death now mark human existence.
Third, in contrast to the continual disobedience of humanity, God reveals the depth of his grace and love. Though all human beings bear the scars of the sin of Adam and Eve, the Lord continues in his everlasting grace to work out his purposes. He is the heavenly Father who does not give up on his earthly children. In the wake of the flood that came to punish pervasive evil and destroyed almost all life, God promised to maintain his grace to all created life, both animal and human.
Fourth, God called frail humans to represent him: Noah, Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, and Joseph. Each of these men was profoundly flawed, a point to which the Bible gives ample testimony. Yet God gave them grace upon grace, keeping his promise, at whatever cost, to bless them and through them to bless all humanity.
Fifth, these giants of faith learned to love God more than the goods of this life. They served God, and despite their flawed humanity God made them lights in their dark generations. They walked with God by his grace and learned wisdom from him. Through these stories Moses taught Israel that there are one of two paths people must choose: folly and death, or wisdom and life.
Sixth, Genesis reveals that the riches of God's grace render people without excuse. People at the time of Enosh, Noah, Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, and Joseph received God's grace and walked with him. Others received messages of grace and spurned them — with evident consequences (e.g., Cain, the generation of the flood, and Esau).
Seventh, the Lord of the universe committed himself by oath to one man, Abraham. Then, God promised to extend his grace to all humanity through that one man's "offspring." Though Israel was numbered among Abraham's offspring, the sad stories of that nation evidence her lack of faith, her inability to accomplish what God required, and her need of God's provision. That provision was ultimately made through the eventual coming of Jesus Christ from the lineage of Israel. Only in him do we learn how the promises of God are made true (2 Cor. 1:20). He is the true and final Good News in which all of God's promises find decisive fulfillment. He is the promised "offspring" of Abraham who will accomplish God's covenant purposes (Gen. 3:15; 12:7; Gal. 3:16). Beginning with his first coming and to be completed at his second coming, Jesus opens the doors to the new creation and the new humanity — to a world without the sin, death, and evil that found their entry as first described in Genesis. The final triumph of Jesus over all evil is first described in this Bible book as well (Gen. 3:15).
I. The Creator Is Sovereign King of the Whole World (1:1–2:3)
II. The Creation of the Garden of Eden and the First Human Family: Adam and Eve, Their Sin, Expulsion from Eden, and Life to the East of Eden (2:4–4:26)
III. The Family of Adam: From Adam to Noah (5:1–6:8)
IV. The Story of Noah: His Walk with God, the Flood, the Ark, and God's Covenant (6:9–9:29)
V. The Family of Noah: The Nations and the Tower of Babel (10:1–11:9)
VI. The Family of Shem: From Shem to Terah (11:10–26)
VII. The Family of Terah: Abraham, Isaac, and Ishmael and God's Covenant with Abraham to the Exclusion of Ishmael (11:27–25:11)
VIII. The Family of Ishmael (25:12–18)
IX. The Family of Isaac: God's Promises to Isaac and Jacob and the Exclusion of Esau (25:19–35:29)
The Creation of the World
GENESIS 1 In the beginning, God created the heavens and the earth. 2 The earth was without form and void, and darkness was over the face of the deep. And the Spirit of God was hovering over the face of the waters.
3 And God said, "Let there be light," and there was light. 4 And God saw that the light was good. And God separated the light from the darkness. 5 God called the light Day, and the darkness he called Night. And there was evening and there was morning, the first day.
6 And God said, "Let there be an expanse in the midst of the waters, and let it separate the waters from the waters." 7 And God made the expanse and separated the waters that were under the expanse from the waters that were above the expanse. And it was so. 8 And God called the expanse Heaven. And there was evening and there was morning, the second day.
9 And God said, "Let the waters under the heavens be gathered together into one place, and let the dry land appear." And it was so. 10God called the dry land Earth, and the waters that were gathered together he called Seas. And God saw that it was good.
11 And God said, "Let the earth sprout vegetation, plants yielding seed, and fruit trees bearing fruit in which is their seed, each according to its kind, on the earth." And it was so. 12 The earth brought forth vegetation, plants yielding seed according to their own kinds, and trees bearing fruit in which is their seed, each according to its kind. And God saw that it was good. 13 And there was evening and there was morning, the third day.
14 And God said, "Let there be lights in the expanse of the heavens to separate the day from the night. And let them be for signs and for seasons, and for days and years, 15 and let them be lights in the expanse of the heavens to give light upon the earth." And it was so. 16 And God made the two great lights — the greater light to rule the day and the lesser light to rule the night — and the stars. 17 And God set them in the expanse of the heavens to give light on the earth, 18 to rule over the day and over the night, and to separate the light from the darkness. And God saw that it was good. 19 And there was evening and there was morning, the fourth day.
20 And God said, "Let the waters swarm with swarms of living creatures, and let birds fly above the earth across the expanse of the heavens." 21 So God created the great sea creatures and every living creature that moves, with which the waters swarm, according to their kinds, and every winged bird according to its kind. And God saw that it was good. 22 And God blessed them, saying, "Be fruitful and multiply and fill the waters in the seas, and let birds multiply on the earth." 23 And there was evening and there was morning, the fifth day.
24 And God said, "Let the earth bring forth living creatures according to their kinds — livestock and creeping things and beasts of the earth according to their kinds." And it was so. 25 And God made the beasts of the earth according to their kinds and the livestock according to their kinds, and everything that creeps on the ground according to its kind. And God saw that it was good.
26 Then God said, "Let us make man in our image, after our likeness. And let them have dominion over the fish of the sea and over the birds of the heavens and over the livestock and over all the earth and over every creeping thing that creeps on the earth."
27 So God created man in his own image, in the image of God he created him; male and female he created them.
28 And God blessed them. And God said to them, "Be fruitful and multiply and fill the earth and subdue it, and have dominion over the fish of the sea and over the birds of the heavens and over every living thing that moves on the earth." 29 And God said, "Behold, I have given you every plant yielding seed that is on the face of all the earth, and every tree with seed in its fruit. You shall have them for food. 30 And to every beast of the earth and to every bird of the heavens and to everything that creeps on the earth, everything that has the breath of life, I have given every green plant for food." And it was so. 31 And God saw everything that he had made, and behold, it was very good. And there was evening and there was morning, the sixth day.
The Seventh Day, God Rests
GENESIS 2 Thus the heavens and the earth were finished, and all the host of them. 2 And on the seventh day God finished his work that he had done, and he rested on the seventh day from all his work that he had done. 3 So God blessed the seventh day and made it holy, because on it God rested from all his work that he had done in creation.
The Creation of Man and Woman
4 These are the generations of the heavens and the earth when they were created, in the day that the Lord God made the earth and the heavens.
5 When no bush of the field was yet in the land and no small plant of the field had yet sprung up — for the Lord God had not caused it to rain on the land, and there was no man a to work the ground, 6 and a mist was going up from the land and was watering the whole face of the ground — 7 then the Lord God formed the man of dust from the ground and breathed into his d nostrils the breath of life, and the man became a living creature. 8 And the Lord God planted a garden in Eden, in the east, and there he put the man whom he had formed. 9 And out of the ground the Lord God made to spring up every tree that is pleasant to the sight and good for food. The tree of life was in the midst of the garden, and the tree of the knowledge of good and evil.
10 A river flowed out of Eden to water the garden, and there it divided and became four rivers. 11 The name of the first is the Pishon. It is the one that flowed around the whole land of Havilah, where there is gold. 12 And the gold of that land is good; dellium and onyx stone are there. 13 The name of the second river is the Gihon. It is the one that flowed around the whole land of Cush. 14 And the name of the third river is the Tigris, which flows east of Assyria. And the fourth river is the Euphrates.
15 The Lord God took the man and put him in the garden of Eden to work it and keep it. 16 And the Lord God commanded the man, saying, "You may surely eat of every tree of the garden, 17 but of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil you shall not eat, for in the day that you eat of it you shall surely die."
18 Then the Lord God said, "It is not good that the man should be alone; I will make him a helper fit for him." 19 Now out of the ground the Lord God had formed every beast of the field and every bird of the heavens and brought them to the man to see what he would call them. And whatever the man called every living creature, that was its name. 20 The man gave names to all livestock and to the birds of the heavens and to every beast of the field. But for Adam there was not found a helper fit for him. 21 So the Lord God caused a deep sleep to fall upon the man, and while he slept took one of his ribs and closed up its place with flesh. 22 And the rib that the Lord God had taken from the man he made into a woman and brought her to the man. 23 Then the man said,
"This at last is bone of my bones and flesh of my flesh; she shall be called Woman, because she was s taken out of Man."
24 Therefore a man shall leave his father and his mother and hold fast to his wife, and they shall become one flesh. 25 And the man and his wife were both naked and were not ashamed.
GENESIS 3 Now the serpent was more crafty than any other beast of the field that the LORD God had made.
He said to the woman, "Did God actually say, 'You shall not eat of any tree in the garden'?" 2 And the woman said to the serpent, "We may eat of the fruit of the trees in the garden, 3 but God said, 'You shall not eat of the fruit of the tree that is in the midst of the garden, neither shall you touch it, lest you die.'" 4 But the serpent said to the woman, "You will not surely die. 5 For God knows that when you eat of it your eyes will be opened, and you will be like God, knowing good and evil." 6 So when the woman saw that the tree was good for food, and that it was a delight to the eyes, and that the tree was to be desired to make one wise, she took of its fruit and ate, and she also gave some to her husband who was with her, and he ate. 7 Then the eyes of both were opened, and they knew that they were naked. And they sewed fig leaves together and made themselves loincloths.
8 And they heard the sound of the Lord God walking in the garden in the cool of the day, and the man and his wife hid themselves from the presence of the Lord God among the trees of the garden. 9 But the Lord God called to the man and said to him, "Where are you?" 10 And he said, "I heard the sound of you in the garden, and I was afraid, because I was naked, and I hid myself." 11 He said, "Who told you that you were naked? Have you eaten of the tree of which I commanded you not to eat?" 12 The man said, "The woman whom you gave to be with me, she gave me fruit of the tree, and I ate." 13 Then the Lord God said to the woman, "What is this that you have done?" The woman said, "The serpent deceived me, and I ate."
14 The Lord God said to the serpent,
"Because you have done this, cursed are you above all livestock and above all beasts of the field; on your belly you shall go, and dust you shall eat all the days of your life. 15 I will put enmity between you and the woman, and between your offspring and her offspring; he shall bruise your head, and you shall bruise his heel."
16 To the woman he said,
"I will surely multiply your pain in child-bearing; in pain you shall bring forth children. Your desire shall be contrary to your husband, but he shall rule over you."
17 And to Adam he said,
"Because you have listened to the voice of your wife and have eaten of the tree of which I commanded you, 'You shall not eat of it,' cursed is the ground because of you; in pain you shall eat of it all the days of your life; 18 thorns and thistles it shall bring forth for you; and you shall eat the plants of the field. 19 By the sweat of your face you shall eat bread, till you return to the ground, for out of it you were taken; for you are dust, and to dust you shall return."
20 The man called his wife's name Eve, because she was the mother of all living. 21 And the Lord God made for Adam and for his wife garments of skins and clothed them.
22 Then the Lord God said, "Behold, the man has become like one of us in knowing good and evil. Now, lest he reach out his hand and take also of the tree of life and eat, and live forever —" 23 therefore the Lord God sent him out from the garden of Eden to work the ground from which he was taken. 24 He drove out the man, and at the east of the garden of Eden he placed the cherubim and a flaming sword that turned every way to guard the way to the tree of life.(Continues…)
Excerpted from "The ESV Gospel Transformation Study Bible"
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Table of Contents
Articles and Resources,
The Old Testament,
The New Testament,
The Old Testament,
Song of Solomon,
The New Testament,
Articles and Resources,
How to Use The ESV Gospel Transformation Study Bible, ePub,
Accessing Study Notes, Footnotes, and Cross-references,
Introduction to the ESV Gospel Transformation Study Bible,
The Gospel in All of Scripture,
Ways to Use this Bible,
Preface to the English Standard Version,
Translation Principles and Style,
The Translation of Specialized Terms,
Textual Basis and Resources,
To God's Honor and Praise,
Explanation of Features Included in This Edition,
Special Features of the ESV Gospel Transformation Study Bible,
The Gospel in the Old Testament,
The Gospel in the New Testament,
The Relation of the Old Testament to the New Testament,
Table of Weights and Measures,
Daily Bible Reading Plan,
What People are Saying About This
“The ESV Gospel Transformation Study Bible is a unique resource blending biblical, systematic, and practical theological insights to help us understand what the Bible teaches about grace and personal change.”
Timothy Keller, Founding Pastor, Redeemer Presbyterian Church, New York City; Chairman and Cofounder, Redeemer City to City
“I spent years blind that the gospel story was threading through all of Scripture and the Bible came to life when I got that truth. The ESV Gospel Transformation Study Bible shows Jesus and the gospel everywhere, and will empower your heart for Jesus, your love for the gospel, and your ability to share it with others.”
Charlie Hall, Worship and Liturgy Pastor, Frontline Church, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma
“The ESV Gospel Transformation Study Bible is a wonderful tool that can help you read the Bible the way it should be read: as a unified whole, and with a thirst for life transformation. I can‘t wait to use it in our family devotions and to give a copy to my pastor.”
Andreas J. Köstenberger, Director, Center for Biblical Studies and Research; Professor of New Testament and Biblical Theology, Midwestern Baptist Theological Seminary; Founder, Biblical Foundations
“The ESV Gospel Transformation Study Bible contains invaluable resources for helping us understand how God’s power in the gospel shapes every moment of our lives.”
Gloria Furman, author, Missional Motherhood and The Pastor’s Wife
“This is a seminary education packed into one book.”
Justin Buzzard, Lead Pastor, Garden City Church, Silicon Valley; author, Date Your Wife and The Big Story