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Cengage Learning
Ethical Theory: Classical and Contemporary Readings / Edition 6

Ethical Theory: Classical and Contemporary Readings / Edition 6

by Louis P. Pojman


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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780495808770
Publisher: Cengage Learning
Publication date: 02/01/2010
Edition description: New Edition
Pages: 704
Sales rank: 1,030,756
Product dimensions: 7.30(w) x 9.00(h) x 1.20(d)

About the Author

Louis P. Pojman (1935-2005) was Professor of Philosophy, Emeritus, at the United States Military Academy and a Life Member of Clare Hall, Cambridge University. He received an M.A. and Ph.D. from Union Theological Seminary/Columbia University. He was a Fulbright Fellow at the University of Copenhagen and a Rockefeller Fellow at Hamburg University. He received his D.Phil. in Philosophy from Oxford University in 1997.His first position was at the University of Notre Dame, after which he taught at the University of Texas at Dallas. Later, at the University of Mississippi, he served for three years as Chair of the Department of Philosophy and Religion. In 1995, he became Professor of Philosophy at the United States Military Academy at West Point. He most recently was Visiting Professor at Brigham Young University in Utah and Visiting Fellow at Clare Hall, Oxford University. Pojman won several research and teaching awards, including the Burlington Northern Award for Outstanding Teaching and Scholarship (1988) and the Outstanding Scholar/Teacher in the Humanities at the University of Mississippi (1994). He wrote in the areas of philosophy of religion, epistemology, ethics, and political philosophy and authored or edited more than 30 books and 100 articles. Louis Pojman passed away in 2005.

Table of Contents

Preface to the Sixth Edition Part I: WHAT IS ETHICS? Plato: Socratic Morality: Crito. Part II: ETHICAL RELATIVISM VERSUS ETHICAL OBJECTIVISM. 1. Herodotus: Custom is King. 2. Plato: Objective Moral Forms. 3. Thomas Aquinas: Objectivism: Natural Law. 4. Ruth Benedict: A Defense of Ethical Relativism. 5. Louis Pojman: A Critique of Ethical Relativism. 6. Gilbert Harman: Moral Relativism Defended. Part III: MORALITY AND SELF-INTEREST. 1. Joseph Butler: Against Egoism. 2. Joel Feinberg: Psychological Egoism. 3. Plato: Why Be Moral? 4. Richard Taylor: On the Socratic Dilemma. 5. David Gauthier: Morality and Advantage. Part IV: VALUE AND THE SELF. 1. Robert Nozick: The Experience Machine. 2. Richard Taylor: Value and the Origin of Right and Wrong. 3. Friedrich Nietzsche: The Transvaluation of Values. 4. Derek Parfit: What Makes Someone's Life Go Best? 5. Thomas Nagel: Value: The View from Nowhere. 6. Derek Parfit: Later Selves and Moral Principles. 7. Bernard Williams: Persons, Character, and Morality. 8. Carol Gilligan: Women's Conception of Self and of Morality. 9. Sarah Clark Miller: The Need for Care: Gender in Moral Theory. Part V: UTILITARIANISM. 1. Epicurus: Pleasure. 2. Jeremy Bentham: The Utilitarian Calculus. 3. John Stuart Mill: Utilitarianism (complete). 4. J.J.C. Smart: Extreme and Restricted Utilitarianism. 5. Kai Nielsen: Against Moral Conservatism. 6. Bernard Williams: Against Utilitarianism. 7. John Hospers: Rule-Utilitarianism. 8. Robert Nozick: Side Constraints. 9. Peter Singer: Famine, Affluence and Morality. Part VI: KANTIAN AND DEONTOLOGICAL SYSTEMS. 1. Immanuel Kant: The Foundation for the Metaphysics of Morals (complete). 2. W. D. Ross: What Makes Right Acts Right? 3. Onora O'Neill: Kantian Formula of the End in Itself and World Hunger. 4. Thomas Nagel: Moral Luck. 5. Philippa Foot: Morality as a System of Hypothetical Imperatives. 6. Judith Jarvis Thomson: Killing, Letting Die, and the Trolley Problem. Part VII: CONTRACTARIAN ETHICAL SYSTEMS. 1. Thomas Hobbes: The Leviathan. 2. David Gauthier: Why Contractarianism? 3. John Rawls: Contractualism: Justice as Fairness. Part VIII: VIRTUE-BASED ETHICAL SYSTEMS. 1. Aristotle: The Ethics of Virtue (Books 1-4 complete). 2. Bernard Mayo: Virtue and the Moral Life. 3. William Frankena: A Critique of Virtue-Based Ethics. 4. Walter Schaller: Are Virtues No More than Dispositions to Obey Moral Rules? 5. Alasdair MacIntyre: The Nature of the Virtues. 6. Susan Wolf: Moral Saints. 7. Louis P. Pojman: In Defense of Moral Saints. Part IX: THE FACT/VALUE PROBLEM: METAETHICS IN THE TWENTIETH CENTURY. 1. David Hume: On Reason and the Emotions: The Fact/Value Distinction. 2. G. E. Moore: Non-Naturalism. 3. A. J. Ayer: Emotivism. 4. R. M. Hare: Prescriptivism: The Structure of Ethics and Morals. 5. John Searle: How to Derive Ought from Is. 6. Geoffrey Warnock: The Object of Morality. Part X: MORAL REALISM AND THE CHALLENGE OF SKEPTICISM. 1. J.L. Mackie: The Subjectivity of Values. 2. Jonathan Harrison: A Critique of Mackie's Error Theory. 3. Gilbert Harman: Moral Nihilism. 4. Bruce Russell: Two Forms of Ethical Skepticism. Part XI: RELIGION AND ETHICS. 1. Plato: Morality and Religion: Euthyphro. 2. David Hume: Morality Independent from Religion. 3. Immanuel Kant: God and Immortality as Necessary Postulates of Morality. 4. George Mavrodes: Religious and the Queerness of Morality. 5. Kai Nielson: Ethics Without God. Part XII: CONTEMPORARY CHALLENGES TO CLASSICAL ETHICAL THEORY. A. Sociobiology and the Question of Moral Responsibility. A.1. Charles Darwin: Ethics and the Descent of Man. A.2. E.O. Wilson: Sociobiology and Ethics. A.3. Michael Ruse: Evolution and Ethics: The Sociobiological Approach. A.4. Elliot Sober: Prospects for an Evolutionary Ethics. A.5. J.L. Mackie: The Law of the Jungle, Evolution and Morality. B. The Challenge of Determinism to Moral Responsibility and Desert. B.1 Louis Pojman: Free Will, Determinism, and Moral Responsibility: A Response to Galen Strawson. B.2 Richard Taylor: A Libertarian Defense of Free Will and Responsibility. A Glossary of Ethical Terms.

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