This is Book 6 of 7 in the Ethnographer's Toolkit, Second Edition. Ethics in Ethnography explores the burgeoning field of research ethics and addresses how both formal and informal ethical considerations underpin good ethnographic research. Coming from the position that no particular research design is more or less prone to generate ethical issues, LeCompte and Schensul open this volume with a short history of formal oversight for human research and address the formal ethical responsibilities incumbent upon researchers. Next, they consider how informal or "everyday" ethics affect researchers' daily interactions in the field. In recognition of the shift toward team-based field research, the authors pay special attention to ethics related to collaborative research. The book concludes with an examination of new challenges and issues ranging from new field realities to the ethics of interpreting research results. As with all books in the series, this title features case studies, checklists, key points to remember, and additional resources to consult; the result is a uniquely detailed and eminently useful introduction to the ethical conduct of ethnography. Other books in the set: Book 1: Designing and Conducting Ethnographic Research: An Introduction, Second Edition by Margaret D. LeCompte and Jean J. Schensul 9780759118690 Book 2: Initiating Ethnographic Research: A Mixed Methods Approach by Stephen L. Schensul, Jean J. Schensul, and Margaret D. LeCompte 9780759122017 Book 3: Essential Ethnographic Methods: A Mixed Methods Approach, Second Edition by Jean J. Schensul and Margaret D. LeCompte 9780759122031 Book 4: Specialized Ethnographic Methods: A Mixed Methods Approach edited by Jean J. Schensul and Margaret D. LeCompte 9780759122055 Book 5: Analysis and Interpretation of Ethnographic Data: A Mixed Methods Approach, Second Edition by Margaret D. LeCompte and Jean J. Schensul 9780759122079 Book 7: Ethnography in Action: A Mixed Methods Approach by Jean J. Schensul and Margaret D. LeCompte 9780759122116
About the Author
Margaret D. LeCompte is professor emerita of education and sociology at the University of Colorado, Boulder.
Jean J. Schensul is founding director and senior scientist at the Institute for Community Research, Hartford, Connecticut.
Table of Contents
List of Examples
Introduction to the Ethnographer’s Toolkit
1Ethics and Ethnography
What Are Ethics?
What Are Research Ethics?
Ethics in Social Science Research
What Is a Human Subject?
Ethics and Epistemology: Do Ethnographers Face Greater
Ethical Challenges Than Other Types of Researchers?
Confronting the Stereotype of Scientific Neutrality
Formal Research Ethics and Everyday Research Ethics
2The Evolution of Formal Concerns about and Ethical Principles Governing Human Research
The Origins of Formal Oversight
Medical Research and Risk to Human Subjects
Social Science Research and Risks to Human Subjects Disciplinary Codes of Ethics and the Problems of Enforcement
The Belmont Report 1978
The Belmont Principles
3Formal and Semiformal Responsibilities
Formal Contractual Responsibilities
When Is IRB or IEC Approval Necessary?
Issues of Particular Concern to IRBs and IECs
Levels of Review
Components of an IRB Proposal
The Power of Institutional Review Boards and Institutional Ethics Committees
Coping with Multiple IRBs
4Informal Ethics: The Implications of Researcher Roles and Characteristics
The Embedded Contexts and Multiple Roles of Ethnographic Work
Being a Learner
Creating a Field Identity
Coping with Relationships in the Field: Personal Characteristics, Asymmetrical Relationships, and Positionality
Personal Friendships in the Field
5Informal Ethics: Long-Term Relationships and Reasonable Responsibilities
Introduction: Feasible and Possible Responsibilities
Coping with Associations in the Field: Affiliations and Sponsorships
Maintaining Good Relationships
Coresearchers and Research Partners
Negotiating an Exit and Leaving the Field
Reciprocity and Feedback
Dissemination and Disposition of Data
Assuring Program Continuation
6Ethical Issues in Ethnographic Teamwork and Community-Based Research
Ethical Considerations in Intrateam Interactions
Ethical Considerations in Team Interaction with Study Communities/Sites and Participants
Protecting the Study Community
7 Going Beyond Belmont: New Issues and Challenges
Challenges to IRB “Surveillance” and Control Contesting Western Epistemological and Ontological Hegemony
Redefining Key Terms in the Twenty-First Century
Exposure to Risks and New Forms of Vulnerability
Technology and Retrievability of Information
Ethics and the Consequences of Interpretation
8The Role of Reflection in Ethnographic Research
Introduction: What Is Reflection?
Positionality and Power
The Risks of the “Other”
Appendix A: IRB Proposals
Appendix B: Consent Forms and Assent Forms
About the Authors