ISBN-10:
1405189932
ISBN-13:
2901405189933
Pub. Date:
09/15/2009
Publisher:
Wiley
Ethics: The Basics / Edition 1

Ethics: The Basics / Edition 1

by John Mizzoni

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 2901405189933
Publisher: Wiley
Publication date: 09/15/2009
Series: Wiley Desktop Editions Series
Edition description: Older Edition
Pages: 232
Product dimensions: 5.90(w) x 9.00(h) x 0.70(d)

About the Author

John Mizzoni holds a PhD from Temple Univesity, and is an Associate Professor of Philosophy at Neumann college in Pennsylvania where he teaches a wide range of philosophy courses. A specialist in moral and environmental philosophy, he has over twenty publications in journals such The Journal of Philosophical Research, The International Journal of Applied Philosophy, Environmental Ethics, Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies, The Philosopher’s Magazine, Bridges: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Theology, Philosophy, History, and Science, The International Journal of the Humanities, Teaching Ethics and Environmental Philosophy. He is also a semi-professional musician.

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Table of Contents

Introduction 1

1 Relative Ethics or Universal Ethics? 8

1.1 Relative Ethics 8

1.2 Universal Ethics 10

1.3 Cultural Relativism or Ethical Relativism? 10

1.4 Cultural Relativism and Universal Ethics 11

1.5 Ethics and Human Nature 12

1.6 Ethics and Human Rationality 13

1.7 Relative Ethics or Universal Ethics? 14

1.8 Conclusion 16

Concepts, Theories, and Traditions Introduced in Chapter 1 18

Review Questions 18

Discussion Questions 19

2 Virtue Ethics 21

2.1 What Are Virtues? 23

2.2 Aristotle, Happiness, and the Virtues 25

2.3 A Developmental Model 27

2.4 Universalism and Relativism Again 29

2.5 Virtue Ethics: a Guide to Good Behavior 32

2.6 Pros and Cons of Virtue Ethics 34

2.7 Conclusion 36

Concepts, Principles, Theories, and Traditions Introduced in Chapter 2 38

Concepts, Theories, and Traditions Reviewed in Chapter 2 38

Review Questions 39

Discussion Questions 39

3 Natural Law Ethics 41

3.1 What Is Natural Law and Where Does It Come From? 42

3.2 The Natural Law and Universal Ethics 44

3.3 Natural Law Ethics and Human Nature 45

3.4 Natural Law Ethics and Virtue Ethics 50

3.5 When Following the Natural Law Is Unclear: Use the Pauline Principle 50

3.6 When Following the Natural Law Is Unclear: Use the Principle of Double Effect 52

3.7 Conclusion 55

Concepts, Principles, Theories, and Traditions Introduced in Chapter 3 57

Concepts, Theories, and Traditions Reviewed in Chapter 3 57

Review Questions 58

Discussion Questions 58

4 Social Contract Ethics 60

4.1 Continuities and Discontinuities with Natural Law Ethics 61

4.2 The Principle of Self-interest (Ethical Egoism) 63

4.3 The State of Nature 63

4.4 AContract Involves Cooperation 65

4.5 A Contract Involves Rationality 67

4.6 Common-sense Morality (Properly Understood) 69

4.7 Social Contract Ethics Applied 71

4.8 Conclusion 74

Concepts, Principles, Theories, and Traditions Introduced in Chapter 4 77

Concepts, Principles, Theories, and Traditions Reviewed in Chapter 4 77

Review Questions 78

Discussion Questions 78

5 Utilitarian Ethics 81

5.1 Ethics Is Based on Feelings 82

5.2 Is <$$$> Ought: Shorthand for Hume's Theory of Moral Sentiments 85

5.3 Feelings, Utility, and Consequences 87

5.4 Utility and Happiness 90

5.5 Utilitarianism: Relativist or Universalist? 91

5.6 Utility and Equality 92

5.7 Utilitarian Applications 94

5.8 Conclusion 96

Concepts, Principles, Theories, and Traditions Introduced in Chapter 5 99

Concepts, Principles, Theories, and Traditions Reviewed in Chapter 5 99

Review Questions 100

Discussion Questions 100

6 Deontological Ethics 103

6.1 Duty-centered Ethics 105

6.2 Ethics of Freedom and Rationality 106

6.3 The Main Deontological Principle: The Categorical Imperative 107

6.4 One Form of the Categorical Imperative: The Principle of Autonomy 110

6.5 Another Form of the Categorical Imperative: The Principle of Universality 112

6.6 Duties Correlate with Rights (Usually) 114

6.7 Deontology: Relativist or Universalist? 117

6.8 Deontological Applications 117

6.9 Conclusion 121

Concepts, Principles, Theories, and Traditions Introduced in Chapter 6 123

Concepts, Principles, Theories, and Traditions Reviewed in Chapter 6 123

Review Questions 124

Discussion Questions 124

7 Care Ethics 127

7.1 Ethics Is Based on Feelings 129

7.2 Humans Are Relational Beings 130

7.3 Ethics of Principles 133

7.4 Virtue Ethics and Partiality 136

7.5 Feminine Ethics 137

7.6 Care Ethics: Relativist or Universalist? 138

7.7 Care Ethics Applications 140

7.8 Conclusion 142

Concepts, Principles, Theories, and Traditions Introduced in Chapter 7 144

Concepts, Principles, Theories, and Traditions Reviewed in Chapter 7 144

Review Questions 145

Discussion Questions 146

8 Conclusion: Using the Tools of Ethics 149

8.1 Living Ethical Concepts, Principles, Theories, and Traditions 151

8.2 Ethical Issues, Both Private and Public 151

8.3 Useful Ethical Concepts, Principles, Theories, and Traditions 153

8.4 Ethical Tools Are Not Mechanical Tools 156

8.5 How to Use Ethical Tools 157

8.6 Pitfalls and Practice 166

8.7 Wrap Up 168

Review Questions 169

Discussion Questions 159

Appendix 1 Ethical Concepts, Principles, Theories, and Traditions 171

Appendix 2 Ethical Principles 179

Appendix 3 Suggested Readings 181

Appendix 4 Metaethics 189

Appendix 5 Select Bibliography 202

Appendix 6 Glossary 209

Index 216

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From the Publisher

The fundamental concepts, philosophical distinctions, and major ethical theories are thoroughly covered in this excellent book. Mizzoni writes with insight and lucidity, and he successfully crafts his explanations and examples to enhance student understanding and engagement."
Henry Dmochowski, La Salle University/Community College of Philadelphia

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